Presentation on theme: "The Industrial Revolution. Origins 1800’s England Began on farms after hundreds of years of no change Inventions made life easier and increased."— Presentation transcript:
The Industrial Revolution
Origins 1800’s England Began on farms after hundreds of years of no change Inventions made life easier and increased productivity More food=better diet= ________ Because of inventions less farmers were needed so people moved to cities
Contributing Factors New Technology New sources of energy & materials allowed people to change how work was done Cottage industry vs Factory System Factory System Concentrates production in one place (materials, machines, labor) Located near sources of power such as ________ Only 10% of English industry in 1850
The Factory System Working Conditions: Rigid schedule hour day Dangerous conditions Monotonous
Textile Factory Workers in England
Factory Workers at Home
Movement of Goods Steam Engine Created by _________________
Movement of goods Bessemer Process:____________________ (give notes answer and also look up answer on the internet and provide some specifics on process)______________________________ _____________________________________ People now needed a way to move goods
Movement of Goods Creation of canals Look up what a canal is on internet: __________________ __________________ Road surfaces made of crushed stone
Movement of Goods George Stephenson Invented the first __________________ powered locomotive “The Rocket”
Movement of Goods Robert Fulton First steam powered ship engine “The Clermont” What did he do with it? (internet) __________________ __________________ __________________
American Inventors Thomas Edison: Invented the _________ & _____________ The Wright Brothers: Flew the first airplane (1903)
American Inventors Henry Ford: created a low cost car using the Assembly Line: __________________________ Beginning of mass production
American Inventors Eli Whitney: What did he do? ______________________________ ______________________________ ______________________________ Which of Eli Whitney’s inventions is this? What did it do?_______________________ __________________________ __________________________
Spread of the Revolution 1850 Europe Northeast France, slower because _____________ Germany Northern Italy 1860s United States After Civil War In Asia, ______________ was the first to industrialize.
Effects of Industrialization Population explosion: tripled because of __________________ __________________ Caused many problems in cities 1. Over population 2. Poor living conditions 3. No _____________ Staffordshire, England
Protests People began to resist the machines that took their jobs – Smashed & burned machines People who opposed machines were called Luddites – Ned Ludd: destroyed machines in 1780s Why? _______________________________________ Governments answered back – Forbid workers to organize or strike
Protests Labor Unions: Created to protect _______________________. – People would eventually win the right to organize – Unions would bargain for: Better wages Working hours Better working conditions
Effects of Protest Factory Acts: No children under _____________ & children could only work _______________ No women & children under 10 could work in mines As wages increased, children no longer had to work: Why? ______________________ ______________________ ______________________ Worker housing in Manchester
Industrialization & Economics Laissez-Faire economics – Government should not interfere with the free operation of the economy – Free-market would produce more goods at a lower cost – Define: Free Market: _______________________ (Use interent)
Financial Growth New technology required investment of large amounts of money – Stocks or shares of a company were sold to acquire money Each stockholder owned a small part of the company
Financial Growth As business grew corporations were formed Corporation: a business owned by a number of investors Formed monopolies: huge corporations that controlled an entire industry IE: Standard Oil Company, John Rockefeller Why are monopolies bad for capitalist economies?
Socialism Condemned capitalism – believed it created a gap between the rich & poor Socialism: –W–Wanted to create a society for the benefit of all not just the wealthy –N–No Laissez-Faire economics, they believed government should be involved in ____________ In fact ________________ should control all business activity in a given country, not ___________________ Definition: Socialism:
Marxism 1848: Karl Marx & Friedrich Engels wrote the Communist Manifesto Communism: Classless society Marxism: –A–A form of socialism that sees class struggle as unavoidable –R–Revolution from the workers –H–History was a struggle between the “haves” and “have nots” or proletariat –G–Goal: classless society. No owners/workers divide. Everyone would be an owner and a worker.
Homework Complete on a separate sheet of papers 1. What caused people to leave agricultural life? 2. Describe daily life of a factory worker. Was this life an improvement over an agricultural lifestyle? 3. Define: Labor Union 4. What groups were aided by the factory acts? And how? 5. What benefits does the middle class gain as a result of the Industrial Revolution? 6. What specific inventions came as a result of the industrial Revolution? Pick the top three most important inventions and explain why.