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CAUSES OF THE AMERICAN CIVIL WAR. Causes of the ACW Main Idea – Growing tensions about the spread of slavery in the mid 1800’s leads to strong sectionalism.

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Presentation on theme: "CAUSES OF THE AMERICAN CIVIL WAR. Causes of the ACW Main Idea – Growing tensions about the spread of slavery in the mid 1800’s leads to strong sectionalism."— Presentation transcript:

1 CAUSES OF THE AMERICAN CIVIL WAR

2 Causes of the ACW Main Idea – Growing tensions about the spread of slavery in the mid 1800’s leads to strong sectionalism in America Key Terms & People – – Uncle Tom’s Cabin, Abolitionist, Missouri Compromise 1820, Wilmot Proviso 1846, Popular Sovereignty, Compromise of 1850, Henry Clay, Stephen Douglas, Fugitive Slave Law, Frederick Douglas, Underground Railroad

3 MexAm War’s impact on slavery  Texas annexed in 1845 led to MexAm War  Wilmot Proviso  Penn Democrat David Wilmot  NO slavery in territories gain in war  Popular Sovereignty  Let the citizens decide  No national responsibility  “State’s Rights”

4 Political considerations 1848 Political parties in turmoil over slavery Anti-slavery Whigs and Democrats join with Abolitionists = Free Soil Party Zachary Taylor (Whig) wins presidency – slave owner, Pro State’s Rights, maintain the Union 1849 – Gold in CA – applies for statehood

5 Compromise of 1850 The “Slavery Question” – Dominating politics – Many feared that violence would soon break out KY Senator Clay / IL Senator Douglas – California a free state – The Slave Trade abolished in Washington D.C. – Fugitive Slave Law – Slavery in the new territories gained from Mexico, would be left up to popular sovereignty

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7 Uncle Tom’s Cabin 1852 Harriet Beecher Stowe – author First view of slavery for many Northerners South want to ban the book

8 Fugitive Slave Act African American accused of being a runaway was arrested and brought to a federal commissioner A sworn statement saying the captive was an escaped slave, or testimony by a white witness, was all a court needed to send the person south A person who refused to help capture a fugitive slave could be jailed Whites and free African Americans helped runaway slaves through the Underground Railroad. Underground RR stop in St Charles, IL

9 Kansas-Nebraska Act 1854 Abandon Missouri Compromise Popular Sovereignty – Stephen Douglas Bleeding Kansas – Free Soilers vs Ruffians – Caning of Charles Sumner Abolitionist Sumner (MA) Senator Butler’s cousin – https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oWww0YIf-JE – 6min KS-NB Act https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oWww0YIf-JE – https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-uCtxQ4Ulvc – 3 min JB Rap https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-uCtxQ4Ulvc – https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JN_PYuQGrxg – 4 min JB NPS video https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JN_PYuQGrxg – https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jWa- 4X4qg50&list=PLC7F49816FDF8A0E3&index=18 – 2 min Smithsonian JB Raid https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jWa- 4X4qg50&list=PLC7F49816FDF8A0E3&index=18

10 Slavery’s future The Missouri Compromise of 1820 – Maintain a balance of Slave vs Free States Should slavery expand into new territories and new states? South controls the Senate – – wanted to see slavery expand into the new states – ensuring its survival North controls the House – wanted to contain slavery to its preexisting boundaries Slave states wanted an “equilibrium;” – Equal number of slave states and free states Wilmot Proviso of 1846: – Representative Wilmot (Northern Democrat) Constitutional Amendment Forbid the spreading of slavery into new territories in the West House of Reps voted yes, but Senate voted no

11 Frederick Douglass U&feature=related U&feature=related m4Ms&feature=relmfu m4Ms&feature=relmfu fP0 fP0


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