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Aim: What were the implications of the Opium Wars? May 8, 2009 What were the implications of the Opium Wars? Do Now: What are the consequences of using.

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Presentation on theme: "Aim: What were the implications of the Opium Wars? May 8, 2009 What were the implications of the Opium Wars? Do Now: What are the consequences of using."— Presentation transcript:

1 Aim: What were the implications of the Opium Wars? May 8, 2009 What were the implications of the Opium Wars? Do Now: What are the consequences of using street drugs on a regular basis? Review: Who’s Who Confucius Genghis Khan Marco Polo Concubine Forbidden City

2 Aim: What were the implications of the Opium Wars? juice of a poppy, that acts like a pain killer (analgesic) narcotic substance that can cause dullness or inaction Soothes the mind or emotions. Opium

3 Aim: What were the implications of the Opium Wars? The Juice of the Poppy Flower

4 Aim: What were the implications of the Opium Wars? Still Grown today: Afganistan

5 Aim: What were the implications of the Opium Wars? The Cause The British, in an effort to reverse a tea trade deficit with China, forced the sale of Opium. China enforced its trade laws and forbid the import or use of Opium British ruthlessly prevailed by seizing Hong Kong gunboat diplomacy and unfair treaties. Thousands of innocent Chinese died to ensure the British’s wealth.

6 Aim: What were the implications of the Opium Wars? Opium Den

7 Aim: What were the implications of the Opium Wars? Opium Dens were found all over China

8 Aim: What were the implications of the Opium Wars?

9 “By what right do they [British merchants] use the poisonous drug to injure the Chinese people? I have heard that the smoking of opium is very strictly forbidden by your country; that is because the harm caused by opium is clearly understood. Since it is not permitted to do harm to your own country, then even less should you let it be passed on to the harm of other countries.” – Lin Zexu What is the argument of Lin Zexu to the British?

10 Aim: What were the implications of the Opium Wars? The Effect

11 Aim: What were the implications of the Opium Wars?

12 The Fighting

13 Aim: What were the implications of the Opium Wars? Trade between Great Britain and China had existed for many years and the British became really worried as British silver went to China to pay for tea, silk, and porcelain with no Chinese silver going back to pay for British goods. In fact, the Chinese attitude of superiority angered the British. The British wanted to benefit more from trading with China. Eventually, the British East India Company discovered that the opium it grew in India could be smuggled into China and silver would be given back to British merchants. The use of opium was illegal in China and so was its importation. To avoid problems, the British merchants brought the opium to the coast and let Chinese smugglers bring it into China. The Qing emperor made several laws against the use and importation of opium, but the agreement between the merchants was too strong and the profits of the trade too high for these orders to have any effect.

14 Aim: What were the implications of the Opium Wars? By the 1830's, opium was the number one product traded in China and opium addiction was becoming a widespread social problem. Millions of people became addicted to opium. This had a negative effect on the Chinese. None of their workers wanted to work. All they wanted to do was take the drugs. The Chinese asked the British to stop trading opium, but the British refused. This disagreement developed into the Opium War ( ). The Chinese were defeated because the British had much stronger ships. After losing the war China had to sign the Treaty of Nanking. In this agreement the Chinese had to give the island of Hong Kong to the British.

15 Aim: What were the implications of the Opium Wars? The Treaty of Tainjin Lord Elgin signing the Treaty of Tainjin to end the Second Opium War, 1858


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