Presentation on theme: "Facility Layout 7 Personnel Requirements Shipping and Receiving."— Presentation transcript:
Facility Layout 7 Personnel Requirements Shipping and Receiving
Facility Planning for Personnel Requirements Parking Lots Locker Rooms Restrooms Food Services Drinking Fountains Health Services, etc. What is the philosophy of the company?
Employee Parking Planning Procedures : 1. # of automobiles to be parked. 2. Space required for each automobile. 3. Available space for parking. 4. Alternative parking layouts and patterns. 5. Selecting the best layout. Space Utilization Vs. Employee Convenience
Employee Parking (2) Number of parking spaces 1/1.25 person 1/13 person Total area requirement Size of each space Parking angle Aisle width
Employee Parking (3) (Pages 128-130) Different configurations of parking spaces and angles can be considered Advantages? Disadvantages?
Employee Parking (3) Percentage of compacts. Usually, 33% is allocated to compact automobiles. Higher parking area means shorter parking and leaving times Angular = quicker turnover Perpendicular = space utilization. As the angle increases, so does the required space allocated to aisles Reserve up to 5% for handicap parking
Storage of Employees Personal Belongings Locker rooms should be provide between entrance and work area (often located along a outside wall adjacent to employee entrance). 6 ft² should be allocated to each person using the locker room. Shower facilities, sinks, mirrors, toilet facilities are to be well planned.
Restrooms Located within 200 ft. of every permanent workstation Handicapped access Comply with local zoning regulations. Recommended # of toilets & # of sinks needed by the number of employees can be seen in Table 4.2 Space requirements for toilet – 15 sq. ft., for urinal – 6 sq. ft., and for sink – 6 sq. ft.; additional aisle space required.
Food Services OSHA Regulations (forbid consumption of food where toxic substances exist) Alternatives: 1. Dining away from the facility 2. Vending machines and cafeteria 3. Serving line & cafeteria 4. Full kitchen & cafeteria
Health Services Local building codes should be checked in establishing a facility’s health service requirements. Firms operating procedure should be checked to determine what type of services are to be offered and what health services staff is to be housed within the facility. Examination rooms should be close to the first aid rooms and close to the personnel function. First aid rooms should be centrally located and close to the most hazardous tasks.
Barrier Free Compliance Americans with Disability Act (ADA) must be strictly incorporated into the facility planning efforts. All barriers which would impede the use of the facility by the handicapped must be removed. Barriers: Doors not wide enough to allow wheel chairs Stairs without ramp access to the facility http://www.ada.gov/
Barrier Free Compliance (cont.) ADA’s impact on facility design- –Parking lots –Entering facility –Moving within the interior of the facility –Work Stations –Offices –Restrooms –Leaving the facility e.g. Wheel Chair dimensions & Turning Radius (Fig. 4.10) Design for common reach area for able bodied and handicapped clearance & reach requirements
Office Facility Planning Based on : –objectives of the facility –activities to be performed Approaches –Closed offices –Open office environment (low cost and low privacy) High tech environment –Technology infrastructure –Shared services –Modular expansion
Determine the Space Requirements for Shipping and Receiving 1.What is shipped/received? 2.How many docks and which type? 3.How much internal space is required?
What is shipped? Knowledge of what and how much is shipped allows you to determine the type of carriers that can handle the load.
How many docks are needed? Inputs: –Arrival rate –Service rate (unload/load time) Tools: – Queueing Theory – Simulation – Standardized Service Rates
Which type of dock is necessary? 90º Docks45º Finger Dock
The dock configuration impacts the space requirements. 90º Docks Greater Turning Area Greater Apron Depth 45º Docks Greater Inside Maneuvering Area Greater Bay Width Increase in Dock Width Decrease in Apron Depth
Standard Requirements Given Finger Dock Angle Dock Width, Apron Depth, Bay Depth Table 7.2 page 405 Table 7.5 page 416 Standard Unload Times Per Truck Page 417 Truck Access Guidelines Given Truck Length Table 7.1 page 404 Dock Width, Apron Depth
Internal Space Requirements Personnel convenience Offices MHE maintenance Trash disposal Pallet/Material storage Trucker’s lounge Buffer/Staging MHE maneuvering Maneuvering Dock Face Staging Aisle Office Lounge
Other Dock Operations Planning Dock Levelers Bumper Pads Dock Shelters