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Infinitives and Gerunds Infinitiv i gerund. Verb +-ing (enjoy doing/stop doing) Infinitiv: to do Infinitiv: to do Gerund: doing Gerund: doing I enjoy.

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Presentation on theme: "Infinitives and Gerunds Infinitiv i gerund. Verb +-ing (enjoy doing/stop doing) Infinitiv: to do Infinitiv: to do Gerund: doing Gerund: doing I enjoy."— Presentation transcript:

1 Infinitives and Gerunds Infinitiv i gerund

2 Verb +-ing (enjoy doing/stop doing) Infinitiv: to do Infinitiv: to do Gerund: doing Gerund: doing I enjoy dancing. I enjoy dancing. Would you mind closing the door? Would you mind closing the door? Ian suggested going to the cinema. Ian suggested going to the cinema. Posle nekih glagola, kao enjoy, mind, suggest, upotrebljava se gerund. Posle nekih glagola, kao enjoy, mind, suggest, upotrebljava se gerund.

3 Još neki glagoli s kojima ide gerund: Još neki glagoli s kojima ide gerund: Stop Stop Finish Finish Delay Delay Postpone Postpone Fancy Fancy Imagine Imagine Consider Consider Avoid Avoid Admit Admit Deny Deny Miss Miss Risk Risk Involve Involve Practice Practice

4 Suddenly everybody stopped talking. There was silence. Suddenly everybody stopped talking. There was silence. I’ll do the shopping when I’ve finished cleaning the flat I’ll do the shopping when I’ve finished cleaning the flat He tried to avoid answering my question. He tried to avoid answering my question. I don’t fancy going out this evening. I don’t fancy going out this evening. Have you ever considered going to live in another country? Have you ever considered going to live in another country?

5 Takođe koristimo gerund s frazalnim glagolima: Takođe koristimo gerund s frazalnim glagolima: Give up = stop Give up = stop Put off = postpone Put off = postpone Carry on/go on = continue Carry on/go on = continue Keep/keep on = do something repeatedly Keep/keep on = do something repeatedly Paula has given up smoking. Paula has given up smoking. We can’t go on living like this! We can’t go on living like this! Don’t keep interrupting me while I’m speaking. Don’t keep interrupting me while I’m speaking.

6 Iza nekih od ovih glagola (admit, deny, suggest), umesto gerunda, možemo koristiti that rečenicu. Iza nekih od ovih glagola (admit, deny, suggest), umesto gerunda, možemo koristiti that rečenicu. She denied that she had stolen the money. (ili She denied stealing the money.) She denied that she had stolen the money. (ili She denied stealing the money.) Ian suggested that we went to the cinema. (Ian suggested going to the cinema.) Ian suggested that we went to the cinema. (Ian suggested going to the cinema.)

7 Verb + to (decide to do / forget to do) Postoje glagoli iza kojih se upotrebljava samo infinitiv: Postoje glagoli iza kojih se upotrebljava samo infinitiv: Offeragreerefuse Offeragreerefuse Decideplanarrange Decideplanarrange Hopeaimlearn Hopeaimlearn Deserveaffordforget Deserveaffordforget Attemptmanagefail Attemptmanagefail Promisethreaten Promisethreaten

8 It was late, so we decided to take a taxi home. It was late, so we decided to take a taxi home. I agreed to lend my friend some money. I agreed to lend my friend some money. How old were you when you learnt to drive? How old were you when you learnt to drive? We decided not to go out because of the weather. We decided not to go out because of the weather. I promised not to be late. I promised not to be late.

9 Infinitiv se takođe koristi nakon: Infinitiv se takođe koristi nakon: Seemappear Seemappear Tendpretend Tendpretend Claim Claim They seem to have plenty of money. They seem to have plenty of money. I like George but he tends to talk too much. I like George but he tends to talk too much. Anne pretended not to see me as she passed me in the street. Anne pretended not to see me as she passed me in the street.

10 Verb + object + to... (I want you to...) Wantexpect Wantexpect Askbeg Askbeg Helpmean Helpmean Would likewould prefer Would likewould prefer Would lovewould hate Would lovewould hate Iza ovih glagola ide infinitiv. Njihova struktura može biti dvojaka: Iza ovih glagola ide infinitiv. Njihova struktura može biti dvojaka:

11 Verb + to... Verb + to... We expected to be late. We expected to be late. Would you like to go now? Would you like to go now? He doesn’t want to know. He doesn’t want to know. Verb + object + to... Verb + object + to... We expected Tom to be late. We expected Tom to be late. Would you like me to go now? Would you like me to go now? He doesn’t want anybody to know. He doesn’t want anybody to know.

12 Verb + object + to... Tellremind Tellremind Orderwarn Orderwarn Forceinvite Forceinvite Enablepersuade Enablepersuade Teachget Teachget Can you remind me to phone Anne tomorrow? Can you remind me to phone Anne tomorrow? Who taught you to drive? Who taught you to drive? Jim warned me not to touch the wire. Jim warned me not to touch the wire.

13 Advise Advise Recommend Recommend Encourage Encourage Allow Allow Permit Permit Forbid Forbid Nakon ovih glagola moguće su dve strukture. Nakon ovih glagola moguće su dve strukture.

14 Verb + -ing (bez Obj) Verb + -ing (bez Obj) I wouldn’t recommend staying in that hotel. I wouldn’t recommend staying in that hotel. She doesn’t allow smoking in the house. She doesn’t allow smoking in the house. Verb + Obj + to... Verb + Obj + to... I wouldn’t recommend anybody to stay in that hotel. I wouldn’t recommend anybody to stay in that hotel. She doesn’t allow us to smoke in the house. She doesn’t allow us to smoke in the house.

15 Make i Let Ovi glagoli imaju strukturu verb + object + infinitive (bez to) Ovi glagoli imaju strukturu verb + object + infinitive (bez to) The customs officer made Sally open her case. The customs officer made Sally open her case. Hot weather makes me feel tired. Hot weather makes me feel tired. Her parents wouldn’t let her go out alone. Her parents wouldn’t let her go out alone. Let me carry your bag for you. Let me carry your bag for you.

16 Upotreba Verb + -ing Verb + -ing They denied stealing the money. They denied stealing the money. I enjoy going out. I enjoy going out. Ovu strukturu koristimo za radnju koja se desila pre radnje iskazane glavnim glagolom ili se desila istovremeno. Ovu strukturu koristimo za radnju koja se desila pre radnje iskazane glavnim glagolom ili se desila istovremeno. Verb + to... Verb + to... They decided to steal the money. They decided to steal the money. I want to go out. I want to go out. Ovu strukturu koristimo za radnju koja će se desiti posle radnje iskazane glavnim glagolom. Ovu strukturu koristimo za radnju koja će se desiti posle radnje iskazane glavnim glagolom.

17 Verb + -ing or to... Remember + -ing Remember + -ing I remember doing something = I did it and now I remember this. I remember doing something = I did it and now I remember this. Remember posle glavne radnje. Remember posle glavne radnje. I’m sure I locked the door. I clearly remember locking it. I’m sure I locked the door. I clearly remember locking it. Remember + to... Remember + to... I remembered to do something = I remembered that I had to do it and so I did it. I remembered to do something = I remembered that I had to do it and so I did it. Remember pre glavne radnje. Remember pre glavne radnje. I remembered to lock the door but I forgot to shut the windows. I remembered to lock the door but I forgot to shut the windows.

18 Regret + -ing Regret + -ing I regret doing something = I did it and now I am sorry about it. I regret doing something = I did it and now I am sorry about it. I now regret saying what I said. I now regret saying what I said. Go on + -ing Go on + -ing = continue doing the same thing. = continue doing the same thing. The minister went on talking for 2 hours. The minister went on talking for 2 hours. Regret + to... Regret + to... I regret to say / tell you / inform you = I have to say it and I am sorry about it. I regret to say / tell you / inform you = I have to say it and I am sorry about it. We regret to inform you that we are unable to help you. We regret to inform you that we are unable to help you. Go on + to... Go on + to... = do or say something new. = do or say something new. After discussing the economy, the minister went on to talk about foreign policy. After discussing the economy, the minister went on to talk about foreign policy.

19 Glagoli begin, start, intend, continue mogu da se koriste sa obe strukture gotovo bez razlike u značenju: Glagoli begin, start, intend, continue mogu da se koriste sa obe strukture gotovo bez razlike u značenju: It has started raining. It has started raining. It has started to rain. It has started to rain. John intends buying a house. John intends buying a house. John intends to buy a house. John intends to buy a house.


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