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IMPROVING VOCABULARY SKILLS Fourth Edition Sherrie L. Nist © 2010 Townsend Press.

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Presentation on theme: "IMPROVING VOCABULARY SKILLS Fourth Edition Sherrie L. Nist © 2010 Townsend Press."— Presentation transcript:

1 IMPROVING VOCABULARY SKILLS Fourth Edition Sherrie L. Nist © 2010 Townsend Press

2 Unit Four: Chapter 21 credible interim cursory latent designate secular deviate shun improvisesimulate

3 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. 1 credible Credible means A. long. B. boring. C. believable. Some jurors doubted the witness’s testimony, but most of them found it credible. As credible as Mr. Bower’s resumé may seem, I don’t think you should hire him without checking his references. – adjective “If you really want the keys to the car, you’ll have to come up with a more credible story than that you want to buy your mother a present!”

4 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Credible means A. long. B. boring. C. believable. Some jurors doubted the witness’s testimony, but most of them found it credible. As credible as Mr. Bower’s resumé may seem, I don’t think you should hire him without checking his references. In contrast with the few jurors who doubted the testimony, most jurors found it believable. In spite of how believable Mr. Bower’s resumé seems, his references should be checked. 1 credible – adjective “If you really want the keys to the car, you’ll have to come up with a more credible story than that you want to buy your mother a present!”

5 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. 2 cursory – adjective Cursory means A. careful. B. consistent. C. quick. Most people do only a cursory job of brushing their teeth. To avoid cavities, however, you must brush for at least two minutes. Because James had to work late, he had only enough time to give his apartment a cursory cleaning before his parents arrived.

6 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Cursory means A. careful. B. consistent. C. quick. Most people do only a cursory job of brushing their teeth. To avoid cavities, however, you must brush for at least two minutes. Because James had to work late, he had only enough time to give his apartment a cursory cleaning before his parents arrived. In contrast with brushing your teeth for two minutes or more, most people do only a quick job. In the second item, the words only enough time suggest that cursory means “quick.” 2 cursory – adjective

7 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. 3 designate At the party, Isabel drank soda rather than beer because her friends had designated her as the driver for the trip home. A coworker was designated to present Vonnie with the “Employee of the Year” award at the company banquet. – verb Designate means A. to forbid. B. to assign. C. to hire.

8 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. At the party, Isabel drank soda rather than beer because her friends had designated her as the driver for the trip home. A coworker was designated to present Vonnie with the “Employee of the Year” award at the company banquet. Designate means A. to forbid. B. to assign. C. to hire. Isabel drank only soda because her friends had assigned her the job of driving them home. A coworker was assigned or appointed to the task of presenting the award to Vonnie. 3 designate – verb

9 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Having taken the wrong exit off the highway, we had to deviate somewhat from the route marked on the map. If you deviate even a little from the directions when you write your paper, you might hurt your grade. 4 deviate Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Deviate means A. to follow. B. to depart. C. to gain. – verb

10 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Having taken the wrong exit off the highway, we had to deviate somewhat from the route marked on the map. If you deviate even a little from the directions when you write your paper, you might hurt your grade. Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Deviate means A. to follow. B. to depart. C. to gain. If they took the wrong exit off the highway, they would have to depart from the route marked on the map. You might get a lower grade if you depart from the instructor’s directions. 4 deviate – verb

11 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Improvise means A. to remember. B. to keep away from. C. to make up. 5 improvise – verb Nadia can improvise accompaniments on the piano to songs she’s never heard before. How can she play so well without any preparation or sheet music? When I rang the doorbell, I wasn’t expecting Ellen’s father to come to the door, so I had to quickly improvise an explanation for my visit.

12 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Improvise means A. to remember. B. to keep away from. C. to make up. Nadia can improvise accompaniments on the piano to songs she’s never heard before. How can she play so well without any preparation or sheet music? When I rang the doorbell, I wasn’t expecting Ellen’s father to come to the door, so I had to quickly improvise an explanation for my visit. If Nadia plays well without preparation or sheet music, she must be able to make up accompaniments. In the second item, the words wasn’t expecting suggest that improvise means “to make up.” 5 improvise – verb

13 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Interim means A. the time between. B. the future. C. the place. Cassie hadn’t seen her nephews for years. In the interim, they had grown from troubled boys into serious young men. After the secretary left, it took two weeks for her replacement to arrive at the real-estate office. In the interim, the agents had to do their own typing. 6 interim – noun

14 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Interim means A. the time between. B. the future. C. the place. Cassie hadn’t seen her nephews for years. In the interim, they had grown from troubled boys into serious young men. After the secretary left, it took two weeks for her replacement to arrive at the real-estate office. In the interim, the agents had to do their own typing. If Cassie hadn’t seen her nephews for years, they would have changed in the time between when she last saw them and now. In the second item, two weeks is the time between the former secretary leaving and the replacement arriving. 6 interim – noun

15 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Latent means A. partial. B. inactive. C. absent. Certain viruses, such as the one for AIDS, can be latent in the body for years before symptoms appear. After he retired, my father discovered his latent artistic talent. He took up oil painting and now sells much of his work. 7 latent – adjective

16 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Latent means A. partial. B. inactive. C. absent. Certain viruses, such as the one for AIDS, can be latent in the body for years before symptoms appear. After he retired, my father discovered his latent artistic talent. He took up oil painting and now sells much of his work. If it is years before symptoms appear, the viruses must be inactive during that time. If the father didn’t take up oil painting until he retired, the talent was inactive during his working years. 7 latent – adjective

17 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Secular means A. spiritual. B. reliable. C. nonreligious. While our government is secular, some countries are governed according to religious laws. Devoting himself to a deeply religious life, the Hindu holy man denied himself most secular pleasures. 8 secular – adjective A former church now in secular use as an apartment building

18 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Secular means A. spiritual. B. reliable. C. nonreligious. While our government is secular, some countries are governed according to religious laws. Devoting himself to a deeply religious life, the Hindu holy man denied himself most secular pleasures. In contrast with countries governed according to religious laws, our government is nonreligious. If the Hindu holy man devoted himself to a deeply religious life, he would deny himself nonreligious pleasures. 8 secular – adjective A former church now in secular use as an apartment building

19 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Shun means A. to keep away from. B. to recognize. C. to observe. I used to see a lot of Tracy, but since our argument, she shuns me whenever possible. The Amish live without many modern conveniences. For example, they shun automobiles and electric lights. 9 shun – verb

20 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Shun means A. to keep away from. B. to recognize. C. to observe. I used to see a lot of Tracy, but since our argument, she shuns me whenever possible. The Amish live without many modern conveniences. For example, they shun automobiles and electric lights. In contrast with seeing a lot of Tracy before the argument, Tracy now keeps away from the speaker. If the Amish live without modern conveniences, they must keep away from automobiles and electric lights. 9 shun – verb

21 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Simulate means A. to contrast with. B. to imitate. C. to be made of. 10 simulate The tan plastic of our kitchen table, with its wood-grain design, simulates oak. Equipment that simulates a human heart can keep someone alive only for a short time, until an actual heart can be substituted. – verb

22 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Simulate means A. to contrast with. B. to imitate. C. to be made of. The tan plastic of our kitchen table, with its wood-grain design, simulates oak. Equipment that simulates a human heart can keep someone alive only for a short time, until an actual heart can be substituted. The tan plastic with wood-grain design would imitate oak. Equipment would be able only to imitate the activity of an actual heart. 10 simulate – verb

23 SENTENCE CHECK 1 1.Nikki’s _________ ability in basketball became apparent when she turned 12. Her movements had once been clumsy, but now they were smooth and controlled. 2.Presidents __________ as Supreme Court justices people who share their political views. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. credibleB. cursoryC. designateD. deviateE.improvise F. interimG. latentH. secularI. shunJ.simulate

24 SENTENCE CHECK 1 1.Nikki’s _________ ability in basketball became apparent when she turned 12. Her movements had once been clumsy, but now they were smooth and controlled. 2.Presidents __________ as Supreme Court justices people who share their political views. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. credibleB. cursoryC. designateD. deviateE.improvise F. interimG. latentH. secularI. shunJ.simulate Nikki’s ability was hidden by her clumsy movements when she was young. Presidents would appoint Supreme Court justices who share their views. latent designate

25 SENTENCE CHECK 1 3.I hear Andy dropped out of college. What caused him to __________ from his plan of getting his degree? 4.Because his story about a flat tire sounded __________, my parents allowed the stranger to use our telephone. 5.In the __________ between applying to college and getting the letter of acceptance, I spent a lot of time worrying. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. credibleB. cursoryC. designateD. deviateE.improvise F. interimG. latentH. secularI. shunJ.simulate

26 SENTENCE CHECK 1 3.I hear Andy dropped out of college. What caused him to __________ from his plan of getting his degree? 4.Because his story about a flat tire sounded __________, my parents allowed the stranger to use our telephone. 5.In the __________ between applying to college and getting the letter of acceptance, I spent a lot of time worrying. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. credibleB. cursoryC. designateD. deviateE.improvise F. interimG. latentH. secularI. shunJ.simulate If Andy’s plan was to get his degree but he dropped out, he departed from his plan. The parents would allow the stranger to use the phone if his story sounded believable. A period of time passes between sending one’s college application and getting the letter of acceptance. deviate credible interim

27 SENTENCE CHECK 1 6.Margo couldn’t identify the driver of the car that had hit her. She’d given him only a(n) _______ glance at the time of the accident. 7.The chorus is known for its gospel music, but it also performs _________ compositions, including show tunes. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. credibleB. cursoryC. designateD. deviateE.improvise F. interimG. latentH. secularI. shunJ.simulate

28 SENTENCE CHECK 1 6.Margo couldn’t identify the driver of the car that had hit her. She’d given him only a __________ glance at the time of the accident. 7.The chorus is known for its gospel music, but it also performs _________ compositions, including show tunes. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. credibleB. cursoryC. designateD. deviateE.improvise F. interimG. latentH. secularI. shunJ.simulate If Margo couldn’t identify him, she must have given only a quick glance. Show tunes are an example of nonreligious musical compositions. secular cursory

29 9.Tony found the hardest part of overcoming his addiction was learning to __________ people and places that would tempt him to use drugs again. SENTENCE CHECK 1 8.When the actor forgot his lines, he was forced to _________ some dialog until the stage manager whispered to him from offstage. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. credibleB. cursoryC. designateD. deviateE.improvise F. interimG. latentH. secularI. shunJ.simulate 10.The zoo’s exhibits _________ the natural environments of animals. The orangutans, for example, live in a space that looks much like an Asian rain forest.

30 9.Tony found the hardest part of overcoming his addiction was learning to __________ people and places that would tempt him to use drugs again. 10.The zoo’s exhibits _________ the natural environments of animals. The orangutans, for example, live in a space that looks much like an Asian rain forest. SENTENCE CHECK 1 8.When the actor forgot his lines, he was forced to _________ some dialog until the stage manager whispered to him from offstage. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. credibleB. cursoryC. designateD. deviateE.improvise F. interimG. latentH. secularI. shunJ.simulate If the actor forgot his lines, he would have to invent some dialogue. Tony would have to learn to avoid places that would tempt him. The item gives an example of an exhibit that imitates the orangutans’ natural environment. improvise shun simulate


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