Presentation on theme: "The Dutch penchant for paintings of still lifes and domestic interiors indicates that during the 17 th century they: set great importance on home life,"— Presentation transcript:
The Dutch penchant for paintings of still lifes and domestic interiors indicates that during the 17 th century they: set great importance on home life, family, and material success rejected religious values and interests lacked interest in the world outside of Holland did not have many skilled painters emulated England in all cultural matters Vermeer, Jan The Geographer c Oil on canvas, 53 x 46,6 cm Städelsches Kunstinstitut, Frankfurt Frans Rijckhals Still-Life Oil on canvas Musée des Beaux-Arts, Dunkerque
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Mercantilist economic policies can best be described as: a “bullionist” approach to building self-sufficiency, laissez-faire, avoidance of imperial responsibilities, leaving everything up to the actions of individual merchants, hostile to innovation
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The success of such a small country as the United Provinces during the 17 th century was due to all of the following EXCEPT: banking and credit facilities in Amsterdam, colonial possessions, creation of productive agriculture through drainage and new fertilizing techniques, religious toleration, strong, absolutist monarchy banking and credit facilities in Amsterdam, colonial possessions, creation of productive agriculture through drainage and new fertilizing techniques, religious toleration, strong, absolutist monarchy
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The Glorious Revolution of 1688 overthrew James II of England for all of the following reasons EXCEPT: the birth of a male heir, hatred of Louis XIV, the king’s openly Catholic faith, the arrest of the seven bishops, the intervention of William of Orange the birth of a male heir, hatred of Louis XIV, the king’s openly Catholic faith, the arrest of the seven bishops, the intervention of William of Orange
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This image was the personal emblem of: Charles II of England, William III of England, Maria Theresa of Austria, Louis XIV of France William the Silent Next!
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“We forbid our subjects of the so-called Reformed religion to assemble any more for public worship.” This decree was issued by: Henry IV of France, William III of England, Louis XIV of France, Charles II of England, James II of England Next question
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The policies of Charles II of England after the Restoration (1660) were aimed at: exterminating all opponents of Charles I, making Scotland again, making Ireland an independent state, trying to turn back the clock to 1640, eliminating his Catholic brother from the succession Next
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The English society known as the Quakers, (a.k.a. the Society of Friends), founded in the mid-17 th century, were: political revolutionaries, pacifists, millenarians, competitors with the East India Company, suffers of palsy
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Cavaliers and roundheads fought each other during the mid-17 th century in: England, France, Spain, the United Provinces, Italy Mortimer Luddington Menpes (1855–1938) The Laughing Cavalier shellac on oil on cardboard; 48.0 x 37.5 cm Pictorial Collection S4529 after Frans HALS (1580?–1666) Belgian The Laughing Cavalier 1624 oil on canvas; 86.0 x 69.0 cm Original in the Wallace Collection, London
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During the 17 th century marriage among ordinary people: led to the wife being totally subservient to the husband (she’s making sandwiches), was dominated by the wife (he’s making sandwiches), often ended in divorce (they’re going out for dinner), was rarely contracted until both parties were in their thirties, was a partnership (they’re making each other sandwiches)
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Charles I of England faced a revolt against royal authority led by: Parliament, the Anglican church, a renegade governor of Ireland, French agents, Prince Rupert Antoon [Anthony] Van Dyck Charles I at the Hunt ( ), King of England c Canvas H 2.66 m; W 2.07 m INV 1236
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“No one person [henceforward] whatsoever shall or may have, or hold the office, style dignity, power, or authority of king of the said kingdoms and dominions, or of them, or of the Prince of Wales.” This law was enacted by: Holland in 1648, England in 1649, England in 1688, France in 1613, France in 1653
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This scene illustrates: scientific equipment being used, daily life among the Dutch, the importance of magic in 17 th century Holland, the crowded living conditions in the countryside, the oppressive life of Dutch children The Quackdoctor 17 th century Oil on canvas Mauritshuis, The Hague
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Reasons for the decline of Holland in the later 17 th century included all the following EXCEPT: lack of technological innovation, excessive military spending, impact of war on shipping and agriculture, defeat by England, conquest by France
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One of Louis XIV’s most important achievements was to: extend religious toleration, conquer Algeria, bring the Holy Roman Empire to an end, reorganize the military, restore power to the nobility
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Among the mercantilist policies implemented by Jean-Baptist Colbert were all of the following EXCEPT: establish new industries, improve roads and build canals, increase internal tariffs, found the French East India Company, increase the efficiency of tax collection Portrait of Jean-Baptiste Colbert 1666 Oil on canvas, 118 x 113 cm Château de Versailles, Versailles
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The civil revolt known as “the Fronde” that shook France between 1648 and 1653 was: led by nobles of the sword trying to regain lost influence, organized by the bourgeoisie to resist encroachments of the crown, precipitated by agents subsidized by the king of England, a peasant revolt centered in the South, used by Louis XIV to overthrow Mazarin 2/00012C30.jpg
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Which of the following French kings did NOT contribute to strengthening absolutism? Louis XIII, Francis I, Henry IV, Louis XIV, Louis XV
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“It will be a service to the Church of great consequence to carry the gospel into those parts of the world [that are pagan] and to raise a bulwark against the kingdom of Antichrist which the Jesuits labor to rear up in those parts.” The passage was written by a puritan emigrant to New England, Bartolome de Las Casas, Henry IV of France, Ignatius Loyola Pope Sixtus V
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This illustration appeared in which of the following books? William Shakespeare’s Hamlet, Miguel de Cervantes’ Don Quixote, Thomas Moore’s Utopia, Thomas Hobbes’ Leviathan, Isaac Newton’s Principia
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The term “United Provinces” was used to describe: East and West Prussia, Scotland, England, and Wales, Castile, Aragon, and Navarre, the Thuringian states, the northern part of the Netherlands
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The War of the Spanish Succession ended with: the Habsburgs reigning in Spain, the grandson of Louis XIV becoming king of Spain, Silesia granted to Frederick II, Italy united under French rule, Britain withdrawing from the contest for world supremacy
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In the first half of the 17 th century the hub of the business world in Europe was located in: Vienna, Amsterdam, Paris, Rome, St. Petersburg
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This painting of Louis XIV and his heirs illustrates all of the following EXCEPT: the king’s wealth and majesty, the line of succession was secure, children were treated as miniature adults, the king shared the throne with his son and grandson, women were secondary in importance to men French School Madame de Ventadour with portraits of Louis XIV and his Heirs x161 cm oil on canvas
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“Divine Right” monarchy was a term used to refer to: a king’s power is derived from God, the Pope’s authority over bishops, kings must be ordained priests, the rights of subjects under a king, kings descended from Christ