Presentation on theme: "Lesson Fifteen Pre-class In-class After-class Pre-class (1) 1. Ask the students to look up the following words and expressions; meanwhile, they should."— Presentation transcript:
Pre-class (1) 1. Ask the students to look up the following words and expressions; meanwhile, they should write down the explanation and copy at least one example from the dictionary: attract damage definite give up if only in terms of strike unseen 2. Prepare for the texts. They should read the texts before hand and know the general idea.
Pre-class (2) 3. Do the vocabulary exercise in advance. 4.Prepare for the recitation. The papers have been handed out in advance. The contents of the paragraphs are as follows: It’s Never Too Late for Success (to be continued) Charles D. Rice
Pre-class (3) And added to all the aforementioned paradoxes you have a small army of child prodigies who were graduated from college when they were 15, and are now obscure clerks in accounting departments. And you have a small arm of men who were too stupid or indolent to get into or finish college and who are today presidents of the firms that hire the prodigies.
Pre-class (4) So who’s to say what about youth? Any young boy or girl who knows what he wants to do in life is probably the better off for it. But no teenager needs despair of the future. He has that one special advantage over the greatest man alive—time.
In-class Step one: Text A Step two: Text B Step two: Text B Step three: Vocabulary in Exercises Step three: Vocabulary in Exercises Step four: Check the recitation Step four: Check the recitation 返回首页
Step one: Ben Flies a Kite (1) 1. Reading the article in teams. The students are asked to read the text together in teams. They may discuss the problems if any at this time. 2. Check the team-reading. Ask each team to read one part of the article together. Pay attention to their pronunciation and intonation. 3. Explanation to the article. (Notes)
Step one : Ben Flies a Kite (2) Notes: 1). If only Ben could proved it! This means ‘How wonderful it would be if Ben could prove it.’ The subjunctive ‘could prove’ is used to express a wish. We use the past tense form here when we are actually speaking of the present. e.g. If only I could fly! If only we had more time! If only I knew how to do it!
Step one: Ben Flies a Kite (3) 2). Perhaps he could prove it by flying a kite during a thunderstorm. The preposition ‘by’ has the idea of ‘by means of’. Other examples: He earned his living by doing odd jobs. He escaped by disguising himself as one of the guards.
Step one: Ben Flies a Kite (4) 3). Ben thought the wire could attract the lightening. Attract vt. to cause to draw near or adhere; direct to or toward itself or oneself: 吸引 e.g. She was attracted by the novel advertisement. Vt. To arouse or compel the interest, admiration, or attention of: 招引 e.g. Flowers attract many bees.
Step one: Ben Flies a Kite (5) 4). I’m afraid it’s not going to work. ‘Work’ here means ‘ have the desired effect’, ‘do the job it is supposed to do’. It can be used of a machine, a telephone, some apparatus or of a plan, a scheme, a method. e.g. They tried different methods, but none worked. No matter what he did, the machine would not work. I didn’t think your idea would work, but actually it did.
Step one: Ben Flies a Kite (6) 5). He cried out, taking his hand away quickly. The participle phrase ‘taking his hand away quickly’ is used here as an adverbial to denote an action that happens at the same time as ‘crying’. This is found chiefly in written English. Other examples: Entering the room, he found he didn’t know anyone present. He waved and cried out, trying to attract the attention of passing cars.
Step one: Ben Flies a Kite (6) 6). Let’s not give up yet. Give up 放弃 e.g. The doctor advised him to give up smoking. 4. Reading aloud. Ask the students to read the text again together in teams. 返回 in-class
Step two: Text B The Education of Benjamin Franklin (1) 1. Reading the article in teams. The students are asked to read the text together in teams. They may discuss the problems if any at this time. 2. Explanation to the article. Explain the article sentence by sentence. Meanwhile, the students are asked to explain or translate some sentences to check their understanding.
Step two: The Education of Benjamin Franklin (2) Notes: 1). Often he sat up in his room reading most of the night in order to return a book before his employer noticed it was missing. ‘Sit up’ means “ stay up after the usual time for going to bed’ 迟睡；熬夜 e.g. The doctor sat up all night with the patient. 医生彻夜守护病人。 The students sat up late watching TV yesterday evening.
Step two: The Education of Benjamin Franklin ( 3) 2). They learned to become better conversationalists, too, since the rules forbade disagreeable argument. a. ‘forbid’ means ‘ command (someone) not to do anything’ 不许；命令（某人）不能干 …… e.g. I forbid you to go. b. Vt, prohibit 禁止 Forbid smoking on trains. Forbid, forbade, forbidden
Step two: The Education of Benjamin Franklin ( 4) 3). People who loved to read were obliged to send to England for their books. a. Oblige vt. have to do something 不得不做； 被迫 e.g. This obliged us to stay in the rear. I was obliged to walk home because the car would not start. I feel obliged to say I don’t believe him.
Step two: The Education of Benjamin Franklin (5) b. Vt. 使感激 e.g. We are much obliged to you for your information. We are really obliged to you for your kindness in coming round. 你到这里来，我们的确很感谢。 I am obliged to you for your help.
Step three: Vocabulary in Exercises About exercise 8, ask the students from each team to fill the blanks, and try to translate them into Chinese. As to exercise9 asks the students to write the words with opposite meaning to the given words by adding a prefix. For example, dislike is the opposite to like. As to exercise10, ask the students to rewrite the sentences using the expressions given in the box. This exercise aims to check the students’ understanding of the expressions in the box. 返回 In-class
Step four: Recitation Check the recitation. The papers have already been handed out to the students. 返回 in-class in-class
After-class 1.Review this lesson. 2.Do the grammar exercises in teams. 3.The head of each team chairs the dictation of this lesson. Lesson sLesson seven
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