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9.3 Industrialization Spreads The Industrialization that begins in Great Britain spreads to other parts of the world.

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Presentation on theme: "9.3 Industrialization Spreads The Industrialization that begins in Great Britain spreads to other parts of the world."— Presentation transcript:

1 9.3 Industrialization Spreads The Industrialization that begins in Great Britain spreads to other parts of the world.

2 Background  Britain did NOT want the secrets of industrialization to reach other parts of the world  They forbid engineers, mechanics and toolmakers to leave the country

3 Industrial Development in the United States  U.S. has natural and labor resources needed to industrialize  Samuel Slater, English textile worker, builds textile mill in the U.S. (from memory and a partial design)  Lowell, Massachusetts is a mechanized textile center by 1820

4 Industrial Development in the United States  Manufacturing towns spring up around factories across the country  Young single women flock to factory towns, work in textile mills  Clothing and shoemaking industries soon mechanize

5 Industrial Development in the United States  Later Expansion of U.S. Industry  Industrialization picks up during post-Civil War technology boom  Cities like Chicago expand rapidly due to location on railroad lines  Small companies merge to form larger, powerful companies

6 Industrial Development in the United States  The Rise of Corporations  Stock—limited ownership rights for company, sold to raise money  Corporation—company owned by stockholders, share profits not debts  Large corporations attempt to control as much business as they can

7 Continental Europe Industrializes  Troubles in Continental Europe  Revolution and Napoleonic wars disrupted early 19 th -century economy  Beginnings in Belgium Belgium has iron ore, coal, water transportation British workers smuggle in machine plans and start companies in 1799

8 Continental Europe Industrializes  Germany Industrializes  Political, economic barriers; but industry, railroads boom by mid-century  Expansion Elsewhere in Europe  Northern Italy, Spain etc.  Industrialization in France was more controlled: did not face the great social and economic problems of other industrializing countries

9 The Impact of Industrialization  Rise of Global Inequality  Wealth gap widens; non-industrialized countries fall further behind  Imperialism (extending one country’s rule over other lands) spreads due to need for raw materials, markets

10 The Impact of Industrialization  Transformation of Society  Europe and U.S. gain economic power  African and Asian economies lag, based on agriculture, crafts  Rise of middle class strengthens democracy, calls for social reform

11 Discussion Questions  Why do you think Britain didn’t want Industrialization to spread to other countries?  Why do you think young, single women wanted to work at the textile factories?  Why did entrepreneurs sell stock in the first place?  Do you think the rise in inequality (some countries becoming very wealthy while others fall further behind) is fair or unfair?


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