Presentation on theme: "Unit 20 Lesson 1: Rules We Live By. Conditional Phrases (if/then statements) Raise your eyebrows during the if/conditional part of the sentence, then."— Presentation transcript:
Unit 20 Lesson 1: Rules We Live By
Conditional Phrases (if/then statements) Raise your eyebrows during the if/conditional part of the sentence, then use a declarative nod for the “then” part of the sentence. Example: ____________cond _________nod TOMORROW RAIN? GAME CANCEL.
LESS-THAN This sign is related to “limits”. This sign means below the limit, under a certain number, less than specified amount.
REDUCE This sign means to lower, slow down, reduce
OVER-LIMIT This sign means going over, exceeding the limit.
FORBID This sign means something is absolutely not allowed, against the law, forbidden.
LIMIT This sign is related to “limits.” This sign means limited to, restricted to, no more than, the maximum number, not exceeding.
Driving Rules: Signs and Symbols 1.Identify sign or symbol on the road 2.Explain what it means
Symbol: Red Traffic Light __________________________cond _____ RED LIGHT ECL: flat 0 -> 5 “light on” MEAN _______nod MUST STOP.
Symbol: Double Yellow Lines on Road ____________________cond YELLOW LCL:V “double lines” MEAN FORBID (2h)SCL:3 “car passing another,” ____neg #OR SCL:3 “car making U-turn.” FORBID
Sign: Pedestrian Crossing Sign _________________________________ YELLOW (2h)DCL:1 “diamond” PERSON _____________________cond SCL:V “person on sign walking” MEAN PEOPLE GO-ACROSS, MUST REDUCE SCL:3 “speed” LOOK-AT “both sides of street” CAREFULLY
What are some other rules/symbols of the road? Come up with one rule by yourself gloss it and be prepared to share it with the class. –You have 5 minutes Driving Rules: signs and symbols –Identify the sign or symbol on the road –Explain what it means
Driving Rules:Speed Limits 1.Describe situation 2.Explain what the speed limit is
Near a school, the speed limit is 25 mph while children are outside crossing the street. ____________________________ SUPPOSE DRIVE “area” SCHOOL, __________cond CHILDREN PLAY, MUST DRIVE 25 #MPH LESS-THAN.
The speed limit is 15 mph when you come within 100 feet of a railroad crossing and you cannot see the tracks for 400 feet in both directions. ____________________________________ SUPPOSE YOU DRIVE APPRAOCH TRAIN ______________________________________ (2h)DCL:2 “railroad tracks,” APPROACH 100 _____________________________________ fs-FEET IX-dir “from here to railroad crossing,” _______________________________________ CAN’T SEE TRAIN 400 fs-FEET IX-dir “to left or _cond right,” MUST REDUCE 15 #MPH
On some highways, the maximum speed limit is 70 mph. Driving over 70 mph can result in a citation. _______________________________t HERE CALIFORNIA FREEWAY SPEED, ______cond LIMIT 70 #MPH OVER-LIMIT, !GET- _nod TICKET! CAN.
What are some other driving rules regarding speed limits? Come up with one rule by yourself gloss it and be prepared to share it with the class. –You have 5 minutes Driving Rules: Speed Limits –Describe the situation –Explain what the speed limit is
Right-of-Way In the right-of-way rule we use a rhetorical question to introduce the law or rule. Driving rules: Right-of-Way 1.Describe situation 2.Pose a rhetorical question- “who has the right-of-way?” 3.Explain who
Yield to the car on your right if it has reached the intersection at the same time as your car. ______________________________________ SUPPOSE INTERSECTION, 2 CAR, (2h)SCL:3 ______________________________________ “two cars approaching intersection at same time” ______cond ___________________________ TIME+SAME, WHO SHOULD FIRST SCL:3 “car ______________________________________ on right move forward,” SCL:3 “car center move ___rhq _______________________________ forward, RIGHT-HAND SCL:3 “car on right move ________nod forward” FIRST.
What are some other right-of-way rules? Come up with one rule by yourself gloss it and be prepared to share it with the class. –You have 5 minutes Driving Rules: Right-of-Way 1.Describe the situation 2.Pose a rhetorical question- “Who has the right- of-way?” 3.Explain who
Personal Safety 1.Describe the situation 2.Explain what you should or should not do.
Drivers and passengers must wear a safety belt while the car is moving. ______cond YOU DRIVE, MUST DCL:C “seatbelt.”
No one may ride in the load space of a truck unless the vehicle is equipped with, and the person uses, a restraint system. ________________________________ YOU DRIVE fs-TRUCK, PEOPLE PCL:4 ___________________________cond “group of people get in vehicle” BACK, ___nod FORBID.
Other Safety rules Come up with one rule by yourself gloss it and be prepared to share it with the class. –You have 5 minutes Driving Rules: Personal Safety 1.Describe situation 2.Explain what you should or should not do.
Homework Driving Rules –Page 54 Translate and gloss the rules listed in Exercise 1. Use the driving rules sequence
Unit 20 Rules We Live By Cultural Rules/Customs
Cultural Rules and Customs When translating rules written in English, we use certain vocabulary and word order.
Explaining Everyday Rules 1.Give the situation 2.Explain the rule
Rules Talking is not allowed in class Quiet after 11:00 P.M. No running around the pool Passengers are to check in at the gate 20 minutes before departure.
What words tell you that these are rules or policies? Talking is not allowed in class Quiet after 11:00 P.M. No running around the pool Passengers are to check in at the gate 20 minutes before departure.
Talking is not allowed in class.
______________cond _________neg HERE CLASS, SPEAK, NOT+PERMIT.
Use these signs to tell a person what s/he SHOULD do. Authoritative Diplomatic SHOULDBETTER Used if you don’tused if you have any other choicehave other choices
Use these signs to tell a person what s/he should not do Authoritative l l l l Diplomatic FORBIDDON’T NOT+PERMIT “wave no”
What are some examples of rules?
Situations Requiring Immediate Response You need to adapt rules in situations requiring immediate response You should make your signs brief and abrupt with a firm expression reflecting urgency or frustration.
Talking is not allowed in class ___firm SPEAK, !FINISH!
Quiet after 11:00 pm ________________ TIME+11:30 NOW. “shhh” NOISE-cont. ______________firm !FINISH! “take it easy.”
No running around the pool ____________________firm RUN-AROUND++, “wave-no.”
Passengers are to check in at gate 20 minutes before departure. ___________ 20 MINUTES LEFT-OVER. (2h)alt. SILLY, ___________________________urgent BETTER HURRY GO-TO INFORM NOW.
Role-Play Pair up! –Pick a rule and develop a role-play situation. –Signer A: act careless or indifferent –Signer B: state the rule with anger, frustration, or urgency.
Cultural Rules and Customs When we discuss cultural rules or customs, we often find it useful to compare/contrast other cultures with our own culture.
Cultural Rules/Customs 1.Describe situation 2.Explain the rule or custom 3.Contrast with another more familiar culture.
Holding hands (United States and Japan)
____________t HERE AMERICA, MAN, WOMAN OUTSIDE WALK, BCL:cupped c “hold hands” FINE++. _______________t IX-loc “there” JAPAN BCL:cupped c “hold hands” “wave-no” !WRONG!
Eye contact (China and United States)
________________________________ IX-loc “there” CHINA, PERSON OLDER _when ____________________________ TALK, CHILDREN ________neg NOT+POLITE. MUST HERE AMERICA, CHILDREN , FINE++
Burping after dinner (Arab countries and United States)
__________t IX-loc SPAIN, PEOPLE TEND-TO WORK ALL-MORNING STOP TIME+12, GO-OUT HOME STAY 3-HOUR, EAT, _when REST. FINISH, #BACK WORK TIME+4, ALL-EVENING. ____________t HERE AMERICA PEOPLE TEND-TO GO-TO WORK __when TIME+8, WORK ALL-DAY. FINISH, GO-OUT HOME.
Saying Goodbyes (Deaf and Hearing)
DEAF PEOPLE TEND-TO SAY-GOODBYE EXAGGERATE SAY-GOODBYE++, ½ HOUR-to-1 HOUR, PAH! LEAVE. PARALLEL-TO HEARING PEOPLE TEND- TO SAY-GOODBYE, LEAVE FINISH.
Your turn! Come up with a cultural rule or custom that you are used to. Gloss the rule. Be prepared to share for the class.