Presentation on theme: "Why did Byzantine emperor Leo III forbid the use of icons in 730"— Presentation transcript:
1 Why did Byzantine emperor Leo III forbid the use of icons in 730 Why did Byzantine emperor Leo III forbid the use of icons in 730? How did the pope react to Leo's order?Emperor Leo III forbid icons because he thought that the people were worshiping the statues and not the gods themselves. If a statue broke then the people would be hysterical. This resulted in iconoclasm; where people smashed religious art. Popes everywhere were furious with Leo III. Pope Gregory III excommunicated Leo from his church. Excommunication is when someone is deprived of their membership to the church
2 What event in 800 increased tensions between east and west? At the time Empress Irene was the ruler of Byzantine. Just because she was a woman pope Leo III thought she couldn't protect him and the church. So he crowned Charlemagne as Holy Roman Emperor. This made the Byzantines furious who thought they were the rightful rulers of the Roman Empire.
3 How did the relationship between the Eastern Orthodox Church and the Roman Catholic Church change in 1054?The Byzantine empire wanted to regain control of the church. The patriarch of Constantinople, Cerularius, closed all the churches that worshiped with western rites. When Leo IX heard about this he was furious. He sent a cardinal to excommunicate Cerularius. So the change between the two churches was that the Byzantine empire wanted to regain control of the Church.
4 Reading Notes 6.41. What was the relationship between religion and government in the Byzantine Empire?The government and religion where entwined with each other because religion was the most important part of peoples daily lives. The Byzantines viewed their empire not just as a head government but as a living representative of God and Jesus. This meant that the church and state were combined into one all-powerful body.The red is the area they controlled
5 2. The Eastern Orthodox Church played a central role in daily life 2. The Eastern Orthodox Church played a central role in daily life. Most people attended church every day. Religious sacraments gave people a shape of journey from birth to death. The Byzantines considered the church as the center of their daily lifeThe symbol is the sign of the church
6 Reading Notes 6.3 The Reign of Justinian I 1)What event forced Justinian to start rebuilding parts of Constantinople ?The Nika Riots (Nika meaning win or conquer) started at a chariot race when Justinian I arrested members of the blue and green teams. After this the people revolted setting ablaze to the great city of Constantinople. Justinian I advisors urged him to flea, but his wife Theodora pleaded with him to stay and fight back. After the riots the city lay in ruins. This is still one of the most deadly riots to date
7 2) What were some of the improvements as a result of Justinian I public works project? The city buildings were improved. Many new bridges were contracted. Life was made a little easier
8 3)How has Justinian I’s code affected the modern world? Justinian code updated the outdated confusing laws of the Romans and he created more rights for women. Some of his laws are still used today