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The Operating System. What is an Operating System? The software which makes it possible for you to use your computer The software which starts up when.

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Presentation on theme: "The Operating System. What is an Operating System? The software which makes it possible for you to use your computer The software which starts up when."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Operating System

2 What is an Operating System? The software which makes it possible for you to use your computer The software which starts up when you switch on your computer The software which lets you log on to a network

3 Where is the operating system stored? A small part is stored in ROM - the part which tells the machine what to do when it is first switched on (Bootstrap Loader) The rest is stored on disk and loaded into RAM once the computer starts up Some is stored on disk and only loaded into RAM when it is needed (Utilities)

4 Single user operating system Interprets commands Controls the filing system Manages memory Monitors input and output devices Process Management

5 Network Operating System tasks Data Integrity Security and multi-user access Encryption

6 Operating System Utilities Defragmentation Virus Scanning Disk repair File compression Find facility Translators (interpreters and compilers)

7 Defragmentation

8 Virus Checker

9 Disk Repair

10 File Compression

11 File Finder

12 Compilers and Interpreters Interpreter Compiler For Counter = 1 To For counter2 = 1 To Next counter2 Next Counter Print "done"

13 Types of Operating System Multi user –Deals with several users simultaneously Real Time –Reacts immediately to events Interactive –Responds directly to users commands

14 The Parts of an Operating System Basic Input Output System File and Memory manager Command Language Interpreter Graphical User Interface

15 Hardware

16 (BIOS)

17 Hardware (BIOS)

18 Hardware (BIOS)

19 Hardware (BIOS)


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