Presentation on theme: "“Traditional” Backhoe Loader Haptic Joystick GPS Receiver Controller Control Valves Position Sensors Concepts & features 4410 Subterranean Hazard (power,"— Presentation transcript:
“Traditional” Backhoe Loader Haptic Joystick GPS Receiver Controller Control Valves Position Sensors Concepts & features 4410 Subterranean Hazard (power, phone, cable, gas, etc.) “Virtual” Constraints Predefined excavation space by Joe Frankel This poster illustrates the conceptual design elements of the robotic backhoe loader, proposed for research and development at the Georgia Institute of Technology’s Intelligent Machines Design Laboratory (IMDL). Proposed Features (tentative): Haptic Joystick: Replaces individual valve controls for swing, boom, stick, and bucket with a Phantom 6 DOF master manipulator. End effector (bucket) utilizes rate control with force feedback to the master based on cylinder pressures. Control Valves: Replace OEM manual proportional valves with solenoid valves operated with PWM and controlled by PC/104. Controller: On-board PC/104 computer with either xPC-Target or Opal RT module, programmed with Simulink, runs control algorithm for Phantom, valves, position sensors, pressure transducers, and GPS database. GPS: Measures real-time vehicle position against programmable database for use in navigation and hazard avoidance. Position Sensors: Provides position information of each serial link to controller for computation of bucket position. Pressure Transducers: Provide hydraulic pressure information to compute endpoint load, for reflection as force feedback to haptic joystick. Collaborator: Matthew Kontz GPS Accuracies Basic GPS: 15m Differential (DGPS): 5m Wide Area Augmentation (WAAS): 3m Carrier Phase Tracking: 5cm website: http://www.imdl.gatech.edu/jfrankelhttp://www.imdl.gatech.edu/jfrankelEmail: firstname.lastname@example.org@mail.gatech.edu Pressure Transducers Advisor: Dr. Wayne Book Spring 2003 The Next Generation in Earthmoving DGPS Reference (x ref, y ref, z ref ) The 4410 Tractor donated to Georgia Tech from John Deere ROBOTIC BACKHOE with HAPTIC DISPLAY Steps to be taken: 1.Design hydraulic PWM circuit with electrically actuated valves 2.Develop Simulink model of dynamic system 3.Design tracking control and haptic force feedback 4.Build valve/manifold assembly and plumb into existing system 5.Configure PC/104 with control valve and test 6.Mount position and pressure sensors 7.Configure PC/104 with sensors and test 8.Configure PC/104 with Phantom master manipulator and test 9.Develop GPS functions Robotics and Mechatronics on the Farm Single joystick manipulates backhoe, intuitive feel, easier to learn Force feedback through joystick lets user feel resistance when digging Predefined digging spaces guide bucket where it needs to go Predefined hazards keep bucket away from where it shouldn’t go Backhoe PWM Circuit M to existing system to existing system to existing system to existing system to existing system Swing Boom StickBucket Direction control Oscillators Manual/ Robotic mode selectors Control System Block Diagram Solenoid Valves Control System Architecture PC/104 Controller w/ xPC-Target or Opal RT and Ghost software PC w/ Simulink & xPC-Target or Opal RT kernel Phantom Pressure Transducers Position Sensors position force GPS Receiver Amp PWM
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