We think you have liked this presentation. If you wish to download it, please recommend it to your friends in any social system. Share buttons are a little bit lower. Thank you!
Presentation is loading. Please wait.
Published byKelsi Yeadon
Modified about 1 year ago
Palestinian Territories © 2010 ProQuest LLC. All rights reserved. World Conflicts Today TM CultureGrams presents Warning: You may find some of these images disturbing. For best results, view slideshows in Firefox
© 2010 ProQuest LLC. All rights reserved. © 2010 Getty Images, Inc. Historic Palestine refers to a small area between the Mediterranean Sea and the Jordan River, which includes Jerusalem. Despite fundamental religious, linguistic, and cultural differences, Arabs and Jews lived there in relative peace for hundreds of years.
© 2010 ProQuest LLC. All rights reserved. © 2010 Getty Images, Inc. But in the late 1800s, Russian and Romanian Jews seeking to escape vicious persecution immigrated to Palestine, bolstering the Jewish presence there and unsettling the Arab communities.
© 2010 ProQuest LLC. All rights reserved. © 2010 Getty Images, Inc. Around the same time, followers of a movement known as Zionism intensified their efforts to establish a Jewish homeland in Palestine. In 1917, British foreign secretary Arthur Balfour appeared to champion the Zionists’ cause in the so-called Balfour Declaration.
© 2010 ProQuest LLC. All rights reserved. © 2010 Getty Images, Inc. When Hitler and the Nazis came to power in Germany in the 1930s, nearly quarter of a million European Jews moved to Palestine, then under British jurisdiction.
© 2010 ProQuest LLC. All rights reserved. © 2010 Getty Images, Inc. In 1936, Palestinian Arabs rose up against the expanding Jewish communities and against British authorities, who they blamed for the increased Jewish migration. British forces restored order in 1939, the year World War II broke out.
© 2010 ProQuest LLC. All rights reserved. © 2010 Getty Images, Inc. As World War II was drawing to a close, many Jews grew tired of the British administration in Palestine. One group, led by future Israeli prime minister Menachem Begin, carried out a series of terrorist acts against British interests, the most notorious of which was the 1946 bombing of the King David hotel in Jerusalem.
© 2010 ProQuest LLC. All rights reserved. © 2010 Getty Images, Inc. A year later, Britain asked the United Nations (UN) to resolve the Palestinian problem, which had grown even more explosive after the massive influx of Jews that followed World War II.
© 2010 ProQuest LLC. All rights reserved. © 2010 Getty Images, Inc. In 1947, the UN voted to partition Palestine into Jewish and Arab sectors, leaving Jerusalem as an international city, neither wholly Jewish nor wholly Arab.
© 2010 ProQuest LLC. All rights reserved. © 2010 Getty Images, Inc. The Jews accepted the terms of the resolution, but the Arabs rejected them. They were outraged that the Jews, who at the time comprised only a third of the Palestinian population, should be awarded more than half the land.
© 2010 ProQuest LLC. All rights reserved. © 2010 Getty Images, Inc. After the UN resolution passed, Jewish and Arab forces in Palestine went to war. The Jews drove the Arabs out of most of the areas allocated for the Jewish state and a few allocated for the Arab state, notably the west part of Jerusalem.
© 2010 ProQuest LLC. All rights reserved. © 2010 Getty Images, Inc. After Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion declared independence for Israel in 1948, Arab armies from Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, and Iraq invaded. The smaller Israeli army beat them badly and forced them to sign unfavorable armistice agreements.
© 2010 ProQuest LLC. All rights reserved. © 2010 Getty Images, Inc. After the armistice agreements, Israel ended up with 78 percent of historic Palestine, leaving Egypt and Jordan to take control of the Gaza Strip and the West Bank. These two Arab states received most of the 700,000 Palestinian Arabs who had fled their homes during the fighting.
© 2010 ProQuest LLC. All rights reserved. © 2010 Getty Images, Inc. In 1967, with tensions between the Israelis and their neighbors escalating, Israel launched a surprise attack against the Arab armies gathering on its borders. The war lasted only six days, but at the end of it Israel owned or controlled all of what was once Palestine, including Gaza and the West Bank.
© 2010 ProQuest LLC. All rights reserved. © 2010 Getty Images, Inc. The UN called on Israel to withdraw its troops from those territories. But the Israeli government—afraid that withdrawal would leave Israel vulnerable to attack—not only refused to bring home the troops but also encouraged thousands of Israeli Jews to move to the territories to build homes and establish communities.
© 2010 ProQuest LLC. All rights reserved. © 2010 Getty Images, Inc. Demoralized by the decisiveness of the Israeli victory, some Palestinian Arabs joined the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO). The PLO, which was chaired by Yasser Arafat, rejected Jewish claims to any of historic Palestine and called on Arabs to wage an “armed struggle.”
© 2010 ProQuest LLC. All rights reserved. © 2010 Getty Images, Inc. Outside the Arab world, “armed struggle” was widely viewed as a euphemism for terrorism. The PLO, or groups affiliated with it, carried out a series of terrorist acts in the early 1970s, including the murder of 11 Israeli athletes at the 1972 Olympic Games in Munich.
© 2010 ProQuest LLC. All rights reserved. © 2010 Getty Images, Inc. A year after Munich, Egyptian and Syrian forces caught the Israeli army off guard and appeared poised for a historic victory. But Israeli forces regrouped and ended up taking control of even more land. After the war, tensions between Israel and its Arab neighbors steadily mounted.
© 2010 ProQuest LLC. All rights reserved. © 2010 Getty Images, Inc. There was a momentary thaw in 1978, when U.S. president Jimmy Carter brokered successful negotiations between Egyptian president Anwar Sadat and Israeli prime minister Menachem Begin. In exchange for Egyptian recognition of the Jewish state, Israel returned land under Israeli occupation to Egypt.
© 2010 ProQuest LLC. All rights reserved. © 2010 Getty Images, Inc. But any positive momentum generated by the agreement was soon disrupted: Egypt was quickly ostracized by the other Arab states, President Sadat was assassinated in 1981, and an Arab intifada—or uprising against the Israeli occupation in Gaza and the West Bank—broke out in 1987.
© 2010 ProQuest LLC. All rights reserved. © 2010 Getty Images, Inc. More than 1,200 people (the vast majority Palestinians) died during the intifada, which raged until 1993, when Israeli and Palestinian negotiators met secretly in Oslo to discuss the terms of a peace agreement.
© 2010 ProQuest LLC. All rights reserved. © 2010 Getty Images, Inc. Israeli president Yitzhak Rabin and PLO chairman Yasser Arafat shook hands on the White House lawn to conclude the deal, which involved trading land for peace—Israel withdrawing from parts of Gaza and the West Bank, and the PLO limiting its claims to those territories while accepting those of the Jews to the rest of historic Palestine.
© 2010 ProQuest LLC. All rights reserved. © 2010 Getty Images, Inc. But again, optimism gave way to pessimism and even despair, particularly after the assassination of Prime Minister Rabin by a Jewish extremist opposed to Oslo-style concessions.
© 2010 ProQuest LLC. All rights reserved. © 2010 Getty Images, Inc. Hopes were revived in 2000, when U.S. president Bill Clinton invited new Israeli prime minister Ehud Barak and Yasser Arafat, now the Palestinian president, to Washington for more negotiations. Barak went further than any previous Israeli leader by offering the Palestinians all of Gaza and most of the West Bank.
© 2010 ProQuest LLC. All rights reserved. © 2010 Getty Images, Inc. But Arafat felt that in restricting their claims to those two territories, the Palestinians had compromised enough. So, even though an agreement at times appeared tantalizingly close, the negotiations failed, with the status of Jerusalem one of the key sticking points.
© 2010 ProQuest LLC. All rights reserved. © 2010 Getty Images, Inc. Two months after the failed talks, the second Arab intifada broke out, apparently in response to a visit by Ariel Sharon—a man many Arabs considered a war criminal—to a Muslim (and Jewish) holy site in Jerusalem. Sharon became the new Israeli prime minister in January 2001, the same month George W. Bush became the new U.S. president.
© 2010 ProQuest LLC. All rights reserved. © 2010 Getty Images, Inc. The peace process seemed utterly stalled on September 11, 2001, the day al-Qa‘ida terrorists struck the United States. However, shortly after the attacks, President Bush announced America’s commitment to a Palestinian state and encouraged both the Israelis and the Palestinians to return to negotiations.
© 2010 ProQuest LLC. All rights reserved. © 2010 Getty Images, Inc. But violence in Israel and the Palestinian territories only escalated, with more Palestinian suicide bombings and deeper incursions of Israeli troops into Palestinian towns.
© 2010 ProQuest LLC. All rights reserved. © 2010 Getty Images, Inc. Hopes flickered in April 2003, with the publication of the Road Map, the official guide to peace in the Middle East. It called on the Palestinians to end terrorism and the Israelis to freeze settlements, while deferring the thorny issue of drawing borders for a Palestinian state.
© 2010 ProQuest LLC. All rights reserved. © 2010 Getty Images, Inc. Against the spirit of the Road Map but with implicit U.S. support, Prime Minister Sharon announced that he would act unilaterally—that he would, in effect, decide the borders of the Palestinian state, himself. The first step of Sharon’s disengagement plan was the evacuation of all Israeli settlers from Gaza.
© 2010 ProQuest LLC. All rights reserved. © 2010 Getty Images, Inc. In the run-up to the Gaza evacuation, President Arafat died and was replaced by a moderate, Mahmoud Abbas, in whom the Israelis placed a greater trust. With Abbas’s election and the August 2005 evacuation of Israeli settlers from Gaza, peace prospects were looking up.
© 2010 ProQuest LLC. All rights reserved. © 2010 Getty Images, Inc. On January 4, 2006, as the world was waiting for withdrawals from the West Bank, Sharon suffered a massive stroke. It ended his political career and left unanswered the question of how much land he had been prepared to hand over to the Palestinians.
© 2010 ProQuest LLC. All rights reserved. © 2010 Getty Images, Inc. A second shock reverberated throughout the Middle East three weeks later, when Hamas— an Islamic organization derided in the West for its suicide bombers but valued in the Palestinian territories for providing services—convincingly beat Fatah, President Abbas’s party, in parliamentary elections.
© 2010 ProQuest LLC. All rights reserved. © 2010 Getty Images, Inc. In the Israeli elections that followed shortly after, Kadima (the party Sharon had formed in 2005) won, making Kadima leader Ehud Olmert Israel’s new prime minister. Olmert said he would order some withdrawals but that the West Bank’s most populated Jewish settlements would remain intact.
© 2010 ProQuest LLC. All rights reserved. © 2010 Getty Images, Inc. But then a series of events set the Middle East alight. On June 25, 2006, Hamas militants captured an Israeli soldier in Gaza, prompting Israel to bomb strategic targets in Gaza, killing many civilians, and to arrest several Hamas politicians.
© 2010 ProQuest LLC. All rights reserved. © 2010 Getty Images, Inc. Then, on July 12, the sequence repeated itself in Lebanon, as Hezbollah (another pro- Palestinian group responsible for numerous terrorist acts against Israel) captured two more Israeli soldiers. Israel responded to this second provocation by declaring war on Hezbollah and its leader, Hassan Nasrallah.
© 2010 ProQuest LLC. All rights reserved. © 2010 Getty Images, Inc. A massive air assault on strategic parts of Lebanon’s infrastructure disabled some of Hezbollah’s weapons and killed a contested number of militants. But the main victims of the Israeli attacks were Lebanese civilians, whose suffering was shown nightly on televisions around the world.
© 2010 ProQuest LLC. All rights reserved. © 2010 Getty Images, Inc. If Israel was trying to make the Lebanese people turn on Hezbollah for provoking war, the strategy appeared to fail. When a cease-fire took effect in August 2006, most Arabs viewed Nasrallah as a hero, while outside Israel and the United States, people considered the Israeli response at best disproportionate and at worst criminal.
© 2010 ProQuest LLC. All rights reserved. © 2010 Getty Images, Inc. But Israel and Hezbollah weren’t the only ones fighting. Later that year, violence also broke out between Hamas and Fatah. It culminated in June 2007, when Hamas gunmen took control of the streets in Gaza and stormed Palestinian president Mahmoud Abbas’s Gaza office.
© 2010 ProQuest LLC. All rights reserved. © 2010 Getty Images, Inc. The United States and the EU responded by bolstering President Abbas in the West Bank and attempting to weaken Hamas in Gaza. They lifted bans on direct aid to Fatah and strengthened security forces loyal to Abbas while enforcing strict sanctions on Hamas and bombing suspected militant strongholds in Gaza.
© 2010 ProQuest LLC. All rights reserved. © 2010 Getty Images, Inc. The split in Palestinian leadership ensured that the talks held later that year between President Abbas and Prime Minister Olmert at a U.S.-sponsored peace conference in Annapolis, Maryland, would not result in a deal acceptable to all Palestinians.
© 2010 ProQuest LLC. All rights reserved. © 2010 Getty Images, Inc. Then, after an Israeli-Hamas cease-fire broke down in late 2008, Palestinian rocket fire into Israel intensified and Israel declared war against Hamas. A massive air assault on strategic sites in Gaza was followed by the deployment of tanks and troops on Gaza’s streets.
© 2010 ProQuest LLC. All rights reserved. © 2010 Getty Images, Inc. The ensuing Israeli military campaign, which caused enormous civilian suffering, was apparently aimed at not only stopping Palestinian rocket fire but also dismantling, or at least weakening, Hamas. By the time cease-fires were called, the fighting had resulted in the loss of an estimated 1,300 Palestinian and 13 Israeli lives.
© 2010 ProQuest LLC. All rights reserved. © 2010 Getty Images, Inc. After the war, Hamas gunmen then reportedly executed dozens of Palestinians they accused of collaborating with the Israelis. Meanwhile, political developments in Israel made prospects for renewed peace talks seem even more unlikely: Prime Minister Olmert (left) was succeeded by Binyamin Netanyahu (right), widely regarded as the anti-compromise candidate.
© 2010 ProQuest LLC. All rights reserved. © 2010 Getty Images, Inc. With the election of Barack Obama as U.S. president, the U.S. stance toward Israel initially toughened considerably, with Obama reiterating support for a Palestinian state and calling for Netanyahu to end all settlement expansion in the West Bank.
© 2010 ProQuest LLC. All rights reserved. © 2010 Getty Images, Inc. The unwillingness of the Israeli government to completely freeze its settlement activity and the Palestinian government’s refusal to enter peace talks with Israel until it does so are just two of the many hurdles that must be overcome on the road to peace. Israel’s massive separation barrier encircling the West Bank provides a powerful physical reminder of all that divides the Israelis and Palestinians.
© ProQuest 2006 LT6: I can explain the causes, progression, and current state of the Arab/Israeli Conflict. Arab = Palestinian / Palestine Jew = Israeli.
© 2007 ProQuest-CSA LLC. All rights reserved. © 2007 Getty Images, Inc. Historic Palestine refers to a small area between the Mediterranean Sea and the.
Israel & Palestine One land…two peoples THE MIDDLE EAST.
People around the world increase the fight for Jewish homeland in the region where the ancient Hebrews lived …..this is called Zionism.
The Israeli-Palestinian Conflict: A Lesson in Perspective.
Arab-Israeli Conflict Arab Nationalism vs. Jewish Nationalism.
Arab-Israeli Conflict Arab Nationalism vs. Jewish Nationalism Arab Nationalism vs. Jewish Nationalism.
The Arab-Israeli Conflict A Big Problem In The Middle East.
The Israeli-Palestinian Conflict: A Lesson in Perspective and A Historical Perspective on the Arab-Israeli Conflict and Peace Process.
Chapter 26, Section 4 and Chapter 28, Section 2. During the 1800s, persecution of Jews led to the modern form of Zionism. Zionism is a political movement.
* The mandate system established after World War I was phased out after World War II by the Unites Nations. Recall that the French mandates were Syria.
Conflict in the Holy Land Notice of fair use of copyrighted materials Further use is prohibited.
Timeline of the Arab and Israel Conflict. Late 1800’s to WW 1 Zionism: Zionism: Theodore Herzl, a leading Jewish sympathizer, states that a Jewish homeland.
The Middle East Arab Israeli Conflict I. Background A. Palestinians are Arabs B. Palestinians/Arabs are mostly Muslim.
UNITED NATIONS: RESPONSES TO THE ARAB- ISRAELI CONFLICT.
Turmoil in the Middle East Conflict between Arab countries and Israel.
Historical Background Pre- WWI: Area of Palestine under Ottoman Empire After WWI: Area of Palestine under control of Britain until it became independent.
Israel/Palestine Britain had ruled the area of Palestine since 1920 – Remember: Palestine is not a country – After WWII, many Jews return to the.
The Arab-Israeli Conflict 2000-PRESENT. People/Things to Know Hamas: A radical Islamist political party and militant group. Currently controls the Gaza.
Middle East from WWII and beyond. This conflict begins after WWI, when the Ottoman Empire lost control of the Middle East. The land was divided and European.
The State of Israel. Zionism and the Jewish connection to the land The Jews felt that Palestine was the land that God promised them thousands of years.
Objective – Students will be able to identify on a map the location of Israel and other important countries and areas. – Students will understand the competing.
Top 10 Things to Know About the Israeli—Palestinian Conflict.
Conflicts in the Middle East. Background Israel: promised land of the Jews dating back 3000 years Palestine: land consisting of Israel, West Bank and.
Begins after WWI When Ottoman Empire was divided up The European Countries were given mandate over the land Mandate = control.
Working for peace in the Middle East EQ: Why did America get involved in efforts to bring peace to the Middle East (Persian Gulf War)?
1937 In wake of tension and periodic conflicts, idea of partition of Palestine is floated, but is rejected by both Arabs and Jews 1939 Outbreak of World.
Homework Study for the Practice Regents tomorrow. Can replace your lowest test grade.
THE ARAB ISRAELI CONFLICT WHERE WE ARE The 1948 War was bloody and horrific After the 1948 War: Israel controlled 75% of the land and shared.
Arab-Israeli Conflict. I. Palestine & Israel Jewish view: claim to land 3,000 yrs. Ago Jewish view: claim to land 3,000 yrs. Ago Famine led to Diaspora.
One Land, Two Peoples The Arab-Israeli Conflict. The size of Israel compared to the state of California (Israel is approx. the same size as New Jersey)
The Arab-Israeli Conflict. Roots reach back many hundreds of years. Arab world suffered domination by foreign powers well into the 1900s; had strong desire.
Arab/ Israeli Conflict SS7H2 The student will analyze continuity and change in Southwest Asia (Middle East) leading to the 21st century. a. Explain how.
The Arab-Israeli Conflict The heart of this conflict is a dispute over land/changing borders and religion.
Conflicts in the Middle East Ch Vocabulary O Anwar Sadat O Golda Meir O PLO O Yasir Arafat O Camp David Accords O Intifada O Olso Peace Accords.
UNIT 4: MODERN MIDDLE EAST Creation of Israel. Conflicting Claims Zionism Zionism: Form of Nationalism Creation of a state in the holy land. Arabs:
Creation of Israel. Ancient Times Jerusalem as a holy city for Jews, Muslims, and Christians Jerusalem as the capital city of the Jewish people Roman.
Chapter 18 – Colonies Become New Nations Section 4 – Conflicts in the Middle East Main Idea : Division of Palestine after WWII made the Middle East a hotbed.
CONFLICTS IN THE MIDDLE EAST Setting the Stage After WWII the UN decided that the Jewish people in Europe should get their own nation. Came at a.
Palestinian-Israeli Conflict. Palestinian and Israeli propaganda maps Palestinian Map without Israel Israeli map lumping together Arab states; depicting.
NEXT Section 4 Conflicts in the Middle East Division of Palestine after World War II makes the Middle East a hotbed of competing nationalist movements.
Israel and Palestine The Jewish diaspora was the historical exile and dispersion of Jews from the region of the Kingdom The Palestinian population of around.
The Israeli- Palestinian Conflict. The Ottoman Empire Lost in WWI From the Palestinian perspective: The Ottomans were Turks but at least they were Muslims.
ARAB- ISRAELI CONFLICT CONTINUES THE MIDDLE EAST IN THE TWENTIETH CENTURY.
Independence and Conflict. Jerusalem Jaffa, Port Town.
Arab-Israeli Conflict Chapter 28 Section 2. Conflict over Palestine After WWI and the break up of the Ottoman Empire, Britain had control over Arab Palestine.
Arab-Israeli conflict terrorism: violence for political reasons to cause fear OPEC: Organization Petroleum Exporting Countries = monopoly controls world’s.
April 8, Who were the Sandinistas? 2.Who were the Contras? 3.Who were the Mujahideen? 4.Why did the soviets invade Afghanistan? 5.What was the US.
Israel-Palestinian Conflict The heart of this conflict is a dispute over land and borders.
© 2017 SlidePlayer.com Inc. All rights reserved.