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B(4-3) How do organisms interact? Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company Vocabulary competition symbiosis parasite host
Limiting factors – competition for resources Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company Organism compete for space, light, food, water, and nutrients. Competition is the struggle among organisms for limited resources in an area. Every ecosystem has limited resources, so all species must compete to stay alive.
Limiting factors – competition for resources Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company There are several types of competition an ecosystem. 1.In one type one species might prevent another from using an important resource. ex. Some plants release certain chemicals that prevent other plants from growing. 2.When organisms use the same resources they usually have different niches. Ex. Warbler birds.
Limiting factors – competition for resources Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company The predator-prey relationship also affects competitions for resources in an ecosystem. A predator is an animal that feed on other living animals. Prey is an animal that predators eat.
Limiting factors – competition for resources Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company Factors affect population: 1. Plants supply affects the Hare population. 2. The prey supply affect the predator population.
Organisms interact to meet their needs Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company Not all organisms in an ecosystem compete. Some organisms live together in a relationship called symbiosis. Symbiosis is a close relationship between organisms of different species in which one or both of the organisms benefit. There are three types of symbiosis.
Parasitism Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company In parasitism, one species benefits while the other is harmed. Parasite is an organism that lives in or on another organism. The organism that a parasite live in or on is called the host. Parasites are usually smaller than their hosts. Although they can weaken their hosts, parasites usually don’t kill them.
Parasitism Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company Some parasites live at the outside of their hosts. Ex. Ticks and flees. Other parasites such as the dog heartworm, live inside hosts. Plants can be hosts for parasites too. Ex. Red spider mites and tick like animals
Mutualism Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company In mutualism both organisms benefit.
Commensalism Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company In commensalism one organism benefits and the other is neither helped nor harmed.
How do organisms interact? Chapter 2 Lesson 3. In an ecosystem, organisms compete for space, light, food, water, air, and nutrients Competition is the.
Lesson 3-How Do Organisms Interact? - Observe how organisms help each other - Describe how organisms compete within an ecosystem - Explain symbiotic relationships.
1.3 Interactions among living things. Adapting to the environment – Natural selection – A process by which characteristics that make an individual better.
Interactions of Living Things
The full range of physical and biological conditions in which an organism lives and the way in which they use those conditions. Niche.
Interactions Among Living Things. Adapting to the Environment Every organism has a variety of adaptations that are suited to its specific living conditions.
Ch.21 Populations & Communities Section 3: Interactions Among Living Things.
Objectives 4.2 Niches and Community Interactions
Lesson Overview Lesson Overview Niches and Community Interactions Objectives 4.2 Niches and Community Interactions - - Define niche. -Describe the role.
Review: Levels of organization ORGANISM POPULATION COMMUNITY ECOSYSTEM BIOME BIOSPHERE.
Unit 8 Lesson 3 Interactions in Communities
Introduction to Ecology. 1 notepad, 1 pencil Put your initials by your answers First time around: -List 1 thing you want to do this year in science class.
Ecosystem Interactions Interactions The organisms in a community are capable of interacting with each other in some very complex ways. – They can: Hurt.
Interactions Chapter 2 Section 2.
Organisms can interact in different ways.
Relationships in the Ecosystem
Competition, Predation and Symbiosis. Niche Every organism has a variety of abilities or adaptations that are suited to its specific living conditions.
Ecology Chapter 2 Section 2: Organism Interaction
Population Interactions. Ecosystems are made of many populations living together How do populations live together? ◦ 5 types community interactions.
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