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Scots invasion of Ireland May-June 1315 Coincides with campaign in western isles and Scots’ siege of Carlisle August 1315. Edward Bruce earl of Carrick.

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Presentation on theme: "Scots invasion of Ireland May-June 1315 Coincides with campaign in western isles and Scots’ siege of Carlisle August 1315. Edward Bruce earl of Carrick."— Presentation transcript:

1 Scots invasion of Ireland May-June 1315 Coincides with campaign in western isles and Scots’ siege of Carlisle August Edward Bruce earl of Carrick & lord of Galloway, Thomas Randolph earl of Moray & lord of Nithsdale, Sir John Soules, MacDonalds, MacRuaries, Stewarts …about 1,000 to 1,500 men? Joined by Domnall O’Neill ‘king of Tyrone’, dominant native lord in north Ireland, and a small number of other Gaelic Irish lords.

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3 Motives for Scots’ invasion of Ireland? - disrupt supply line to English west march and weaken Carlisle; - force Edward II to recognise Robert I and Scotland - form ‘pan-Celtic alliance’ v. English oppression - Bruce conquest of Ireland - annexation in search of new resources, inspired by Bannockburn - a kingship for ambitious Edward Bruce.

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5 Motives for Scots’ invasion of Ireland? - disrupt supply line to English west march and weaken Carlisle; - force Edward II to recognise Robert I and Scotland - form ‘pan-Celtic alliance’ v. English oppression - Bruce conquest of Ireland - annexation in search of new resources, inspired by Bannockburn - a kingship for ambitious Edward Bruce. [April 1315 Parliament Tailzie]

6 Carrickfergus castle, Ulster - main residence of earls of Ulster; fell after a year-long siege mid 1316.

7 Greencastle, co. Down - secondary residence of earls of Ulster; fell quickly in mid 1315.

8 Jan Robert I joins expedition v. Dublin.

9 month campaign of Robert I, Edward Bruce and Randolph.

10 Rock of Cashel - Scots here March Trim castle, co. Meath - Scots here April 1317.

11 Motte of Foughart, co. Louth - where Edward Bruce fell 14 October 1318.

12 Robert I and Ireland after Robert I returned to Ulster in June - forced steward of earldom to agree to a 1 year truce from 1 Aug 1327 …extra pressure on Isabella/Mortimer deposition regime of Edward III. …coincides with Scottish raids on Northumberland July/August - Robert I back in Ulster to help young earl…a potential ally for Scots in case Anglo-Scottish peace of 1328 collapses.

13 Robert I’s last year, Based at private manor house at Cardross, Dumbartonshire Pilgrimage to St Ninian shrine, Whithorn…on route makes a number of land grants in return for military services.

14 Secured service of - 2 galleys, 4 armed men, 4 archers, 1 spearman in south-west and western isles …to add to 12 or so ships of between 26 and 40 oars...


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