Presentation on theme: "Cognitive \ Behavioural Weakening Behaviours Strategies to weaken behaviours are broadly termed “behaviour reduction procedures”. Strategies for using."— Presentation transcript:
Cognitive \ Behavioural Weakening Behaviours Strategies to weaken behaviours are broadly termed “behaviour reduction procedures”. Strategies for using BRP’s Weaken only behaviours that need to be weakened. So What Test Use a BRP that is the least intrusive or aversive. Use a BRP in combination with a strengthening procedure. Use only BRP’s that your understand and are able to follow through with. Use BRP’s that are logical and reasonable.
Cognitive \ Behavioural Removal of a consequent stimulus event that reinforces a maladaptive behaviour. Extinction Weakening Behaviours
Cognitive \ Behavioural Points to remember with Extinction When using extinction the maladaptive behaviour often gets worse before it gets better “extinction burst’. Extinction requires more patients before you see the results. Combine extinction with positive reinforcement of target behaviour. Extinction won’t work if you can’t control the reinforcement. Don’t use extinction with aggressive behaviour. Do not use extinction with behaviours that must terminate immediately.
Cognitive \ Behavioural Redirection A non punitive interruption of a maladaptive behaviour. You are interrupting the behaviour/ reinforcement learning process by redirecting the client’s attention away from the reinforcers maintaining the maladaptive behaviour. Weakening Behaviours
Cognitive \ Behavioural Negative Strategies/ Punishment Punishment The process of weakening a behaviour by following it with the presentation of an aversive consequent stimulus event.
Cognitive \ Behavioural Problems with using punishment Punishment leads to avoidance and escape behaviours. Punishment is often perceived by the client as a model of aggression - modeling. May have short term effect on changing behaviour but not long term. Punishment has an emotional component that may be overused by professionals as a release.
Cognitive \ Behavioural Using Punishment Effectively Consequence must prevent avoidance & escape. Minimize the need for punishment by pairing it with positive reinforcement. Model non aggressive behaviour. Must be done immediately. If possible employ signaling cues to allow client to alter behaviour on their own.
Cognitive \ Behavioural The process should be rational to the child – So What Rule. Never threaten a punishment you cannot follow through with. Punishment must be applied consistently. Use a variety of punishers. Using Punishment Effectively
Cognitive \ Behavioural Types of Punishments 1. Reprimands A form of punishment administered verbally or with facial expression with the intent of causing the client enough discomfort the they will cease engaging in the maladaptive behaviour.
Cognitive \ Behavioural Ensure the client is clearly aware that they are the target of the reprimand. Use their name, move near them, eye contact. Using Reprimands Effectively Ensure the client is clearly aware of the maladaptive behaviour and the expected behaviour. Do not use sarcasm – vague and models teasing. Give client an appropriate amount of time to comply. Reinforce adaptive behaviours.
Cognitive \ Behavioural Types of Punishments 2. Response Costs/ Cost contingency Removal of a potentially rewarding event or an earned reinforcer contingent upon an undesirable behaviour. Any time you take something away from a client that they expect to have.
Cognitive \ Behavioural Remove rewarding event or earned reward immediately. Using Cost Contingency Effectively Best if it is a logical consequence. Don’t rely on it as a primary response. Reinforce positive responses.
Cognitive \ Behavioural Types of Punishments 3. Overcorrection Components Restoration Restore the environment to the original state. Positive Practice Repeated practice of a positive behaviour incompatible with the maladaptive behaviour. Overcorrection always involves a positive practice component but may not involve a restoration component.
Cognitive \ Behavioural Types of Punishment 4. Time out A behaviour reduction procedure that involves removal of all reinforcement for all behaviour for a period of time Actually closer to extinction than punishment
Cognitive \ Behavioural Using time outs effectively Make sure time out environment is free of reinforcement. Ensure the environment where the maladaptive behaviour occurred is reinforcing – avoidance. Guideline is 1 minute for chronological age. Unless there are issues of safety don’t use physical removal. Reinforce adaptive behaviour.