Presentation on theme: "Jefferson, Madison, Monroe and Adams. “we hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal...”"— Presentation transcript:
Jefferson, Madison, Monroe and Adams
“we hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal...”
GEORGE WASHINGTONJOHN ADAMS
THOMAS JEFFERSONAARON BURR
“Tributes” : fees paid to leaders of the Barbary coast
This is the first declaration of war against the US by a foreign power.
William Eaton recruited mercenaries and marched 500 miles to attack Tripoli and rescue US sailors Stephen Decatur sailed into Tripoli harbor and set the Philadelphia on fire
Believed the independent farmer was the foundation of the nation Succeeded in reducing the size of the military and in reducing taxes Reduced the national debt Louisiana Purchase Lewis and Clark Expedition
“No tribe has the right to sell [these lands], even to each other, much less to strangers... Sell a country! Why not sell the air, the great sea, as well as the earth? Didn’t the Great Spirit make them all for the use of his children?”
Indiana’s territorial governor, assembled the leaders of the Potawatomi, Miami, and Delaware tribes negotiated the Treaty of Fort Wayne, falsely saying it would be the last land the US would seek; He purchased 3,000,000 acres at about 2 cents per acre.
Harrison’s forces were victorious and burned Prophetstown; the battle brought together several tribes to oppose white settlement in the Indiana territory
frontier violence actually increased after the battle.
Indian conflicts in the Northwest Territory Attacks on American ships by France and England The War Hawks—Henry Clay from Kentucky and John C. Calhoun from South Carolina
1813 January: British and Indian allies repel American troops at the Battle of Frenchtown (present-day Michigan). American survivors are killed the following day in the Raisin River Massacre (present- day Michigan). 1813 October: The warrior Tecumseh is killed at the Battle of the Thames (Canada). 1814 August 24, 24: The British burn Washington, DC in retaliation for the burning of York. President James Madison flees the Capital. 1814 September The Battle of Plattsburg on Lake Champlain is a major American victory, securing its northern border. The Battle of Baltimore takes place at Fort McHenry, where Francis Scott Key wrote The Star Spangled Banner.
Battle of Horseshoe Bend more than 550 Indians killed and several hundred more died trying to cross the river
1814 December: The Treaty of Ghent. Americans and British diplomats agree to the terms of a treaty and return to the status quo from before the war. 1815 January Andrew Jackson defeats the British at the Battle of New Orleans.
No one. The ones that benefited were the young politicians called the War Hawks Biggest losers were the Indians who lost leaders, land, and the British protectors
A gathering of anti-war Federalists in New England They discussed strategies to weaken the political power of the South Secession? Eliminate three-fifths clause? The Convention resulted in the Federalist party losing any authority it had
Based on British Common Law Wives had no independent legal or political personhood Legal doctrine of feme covert holds that a wife’s civic life is subsumed by that of her husband
By 1820, all states but South Carolina recognized a limited right to divorce Single, adult women could own and convey property, make contracts, initiate lawsuits, and pay taxes. They could not vote, serve on juries, or practice law.
Most Protestant denominations barred women from governance Quakers and Baptists in New England made exceptions
Small number of women preachers between 1790 and 1820, i.e. Jemima Wilkinson, a “Publick Universal Friend,” claimed to be genderless and dressed in men’s clothing
“female academies” Examples: Troy Female Seminary in New York founded by Emma Willard in 1821 and Hartford Seminary in Connecticut founded by Catharine Beecher in 1822
Formulated the Monroe Doctrine
Three-fifths law gave the south more representation In 1820, the South owed seventeen of its seats in the House of Representatives to its slave population One Georgia representative said that the debate over Missouri started “a fire which all the waters of the ocean could not extinguish. It can be extinguished only in blood.”
Maintain a balance in the Senate between slaveholding and non-slaveholding states Limit all future expansion of slavery to territory south of Missouri’s southern border Maine joins the Union at the same time as Missouri
First presidential election to have a popular vote tally Andrew Jackson won the popular vote John Quincy Adams was second In the electoral college, Jackson won 99 votes to Adams’ 84. The election went to the House of Representatives where Adams won by one vote Jackson called the election the “corrupt bargain”