Presentation on theme: " Curiosity Just because Don’t know any better Told not to Fun Rebel See what will happen Item identification Taste? Experimenting "— Presentation transcript:
Curiosity Just because Don’t know any better Told not to Fun Rebel See what will happen Item identification Taste? Experimenting Bored
1. Curiosity-Kids love to try new experiences that appear exciting; they crave firsthand knowledge. 2. Peer pressure-Social acceptance is a great need for teenagers. One survey showed that 70% of teenagers cite friends and classmates who drink as the #1 reason for drinking. 3. Fun-Unfortunately, drugs are one way kids flee boredom. And because kids often abuse drugs in groups, it's a way to bond with friends. 4. To appear "grownup"-Teenagers use smoking and drinking as a way to shed their "kid" image. 5. They're oh-so-easy to get-In one study, 58% of kids said marijuana was easy to come by.
6. Advertising-Kids are drawn to ads that show attractive people enjoying desirable and exiting activities while drinking and/or smoking. 7. Culture and role models-Lyrics, videos, and the lifestyles of music, sports, and movie stars can communicate that drugs are cool or will make you cool and popular. 8. Family problems-Kids who come from dysfunctional homes are more likely to use drugs and alcohol as a coping mechanism. Kids who come from homes characterized by love, nurture, and involvement are less likely to abuse drugs. 9. Escape-Kids whose lives are filled with pain and stress may find the short-lived high of drugs and alcohol a welcome escape. 10. Addiction-More than three million adolescents in America have a serious problem with drug addiction
Seeking novelty or excitement Difficult life situations; poverty, abuse Good time Mental disorders; depression, panic disorders All their friends are doing it Just want to join in the fun…”cool” These kids are most likely to be responsive to prevention programs that educates about the harmful effects on their bodies & typically influenced by the protective factor of a strong and loving family As many as 10 million children and adolescents may suffer from emotional and psychiatric problem compromising their ability to function and become high risk of becoming addicted I
The commercials we see on television make this clear Have a headache? Take a painkiller Is your stomach acting up? No problem gets some antacids Feeling tired? Grab a cup of coffee Want to relax? Have a beer ~We are constantly hearing how great they are… QUICK FIX
What is a drug? Substances other than food that change the structure of function of the body or mind. What is a medicine? Drugs that are used to treat or prevent illness or disease. Are all medicines drugs? YES…but not all drugs are medicines!!! How are medicines classified? Medicines are classified based on how they work/effect the body (physically and/or mentally)
Medicine CategoryTypes of Medicines Prevent Disease Vaccines-preparation that prevents a person from contracting a specific disease Antitoxins-also help prevent disease as well as neutralize (counteract) the effects of toxins Fight Pathogens Antibiotics-drug that destroys disease causing microorganisms (bacteria) Antiviral & Antifungals-suppress (weaken)the virus, but do not kill it Relieve Pain Analgesics-mild pain relievers (aspirin, ibuprofen, acetaminophen); also reduces inflammation Narc0tics-(opium based); stronger; can be addictive (physically or psychologically)
Medicine CategoryType of Medicine Managing Chronic Conditions Allergy Medicines- antihistamines block the chemicals released by the immune system Body-Regulating Medicines- insulin, blood pressure, asthmatic. Antidepressant & Antipsychotic- helps with certain mental disorders and regulate brain chemistry Cancer Treatment Medicines- chemotherapy, immunotherapy, or biological therapy (reduce rapid cell growth of cancer cells, but can destroy healthy cells as well.
Oral – by mouth in forms of tablets, capsules, or liquid (digestive system to the blood stream) Topical – applied to the skin Inhaled- such as asthma (mist or fine powder) Injected – through a shot and goes directly into the bloodstream
Side effects – reactions to medicine other than the one indented (mild … drowsiness > severe …death) Medicine Interactions -When 2 or medicines are taken together or with certain foods, the medicine may have a different effect than intended Additive interaction- medicines work together in a positive way Synergistic effect – when one medicine increases the strength of another Antagonistic interaction – one medicine cancels or reduces the effect of the other
Tolerance – body becomes used to the effect of the medicine…larger doses needed to produce the same effect Withdrawal – stop using a medicine in which they have become psychologically dependent (nervousness, insomnia, severe headaches, vomiting, chills, cramps)
FDA (Food and Drug Administration) set the standards for all new medicines in the US Information on chemical composition Intended use Effects Possible side effects Then… _______________________________ Completion of at least 3 clinical trials, one must be done on human volunteers (monitored for a period of time to determine the drugs effectiveness/harmful effects) before being approved for use
Prescription – medicines that are dispensed only with the written approval of a licensed physician (only contains the amount needed to treat the condition) OTC (Over-the-Counter)- medicines you can buy without a doctor’s order ~FDA considers these safe if used as label directs PrescriptionOTC Doctor’s nameActive /Inactive Ingredients Patients nameUses Pharmacy’s name & addressWarnings Date filled/prescription # Refills allowed *Expiration date Purpose Other info/directions *Expiration date
drug use-taking a medicine properly and in its correct dosage drug misuse-improper use of a medicine (using in ways other than intended) Failing to follow instructions Sharing prescriptions Too much, too little Discontinuing before drug abuse-intentional improper use (taking it for nonmedical reasons Overdose strong, sometimes fatal reaction to a large amount of a drug