Presentation on theme: "Rise of Chinese Nationalism 1898 Chinese frustrated and Qing Dynasty doing nothing to reform 1900 Boxer Rebellion – “Boxers”: Poor peasants and workers."— Presentation transcript:
Rise of Chinese Nationalism 1898 Chinese frustrated and Qing Dynasty doing nothing to reform 1900 Boxer Rebellion – “Boxers”: Poor peasants and workers angry at Europeans and foreign influence – Rebellion crushed, but viewed as heroes Sun Yat-sen: “The Father of the Nation” – “Three Principles of the People”: Nationalism, Democracy, and the people’s livelihood – 1911 revolution overthrows Qing Dynasty Republic of China created
Good Afternoon!! 1.No NVC 2.Warm-Up: Imperialism in China 3.India: “The Jewel in the Crown” Essential Question: How did the British and Indians treat each other during the Sepoy Mutiny? Homework: Study for Test on FRIDAY!
Warm-Up Briefly define the following terms and the effect they had on the Chinese – Opium War – Treaty of Nanking – Taiping Rebellion – Open Door Policy
History of British Interest East India Company – Huge British corporation obsessed with trade in the Indian Ocean – Set up first trading posts in India in 1600 c.1550 Indian ruled by Mughal Dynasty – Muslim dynasty – Also many powerful princes (maharajah) that are Hindu – British use religious differences to create tension and weaken India 1757 East India Company takes control of India after Battle of Plassey
British Control East India Company answers to the British government but mostly independent – Indirect Control “Jewel in the Crown”: Most valuable of all British colonies – Produces CASH CROPS (cotton, opium, etc) sold all over the world – Cash crops decrease food production = FAMINE!
Sepoy Mutiny Sepoy = Indian soldiers fighting for British – “A delicate and dangerous machine which a little mismanagement may easily turn against us.” 1857 New British cartridges (bullets) greased with pig/cow fat – Hindus: cow is sacred – Muslims: pork forbidden – Sepoy Mutiny: attempted uprising against British control in 1857
British Imperialism in India “The Devil’s Wind” 1857 Sepoy Mutiny crushed by British 1858 Raj begins: British government takes direct control of India – Period of racial tension and conflicts between Indians and British
How did the British and Indians treat each other during the Sepoy Mutiny?