Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Sue L. T. McGregor PhD Professor Mount Saint Vincent University, Halifax NS Canada 2010 International Cultural Research Network Conference Halifax NS.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Sue L. T. McGregor PhD Professor Mount Saint Vincent University, Halifax NS Canada 2010 International Cultural Research Network Conference Halifax NS."— Presentation transcript:

1 Sue L. T. McGregor PhD Professor Mount Saint Vincent University, Halifax NS Canada 2010 International Cultural Research Network Conference Halifax NS

2 Finding a moral ground for a globalized world

3  Responsibilities complement rights  Responsibilities infringe on rights  Responsibilities take precedence over rights  World is so different that new norms are needed

4  Bills or declarations of responsible humans have powerful support of luminary world leaders (emeritus politicians, faith leaders, scientists, artists, philosophers and Nobel Laureates)  BUT – also strong opposition from Western capitalistic nation states, some “developing- country” states, lawyers, and some non- government organizations (especially Amnesty International)

5  1993 The Carta of Human Duties (International Council of Human Duties  1993 Declaration Toward a Global Ethic (Council of the Parliament of the World’s Religions)  1995 Our Global Neighbourhood (Commission on Global Governance)  1997 Universal Declaration of Human Responsibilities (The InterAction Council)

6  1998 The Universal Declaration of Global Ethic (Temple University)  1998 The Charter of Human Responsibilities (the Alliance for a Responsible, Plural and United World)  1998 Universal Declaration of Human Duties and Responsibilities (UNESCO Valencia)  1999 A Common Framework for the Ethics of the 21 st Century (UNESCO)

7  2000 Universal Declaration of Human Responsibilities (former Hart Center UK)  2000 Earth Charter (The Earth Charter Initiative)  2003 Declaration on Human Social Responsibilities (UN Human Rights Commission (now the Human Rights Council)

8  1993 Parliament of the World’s Churches  1997 InterAction Council  1998 UNESCO Valencia Initiative  2003 UN Human Rights Commission

9

10 COMMUNITARIAN VERSUS FAITH-BASED  Western notions of individualism (rights) neglected responsibilities  Failure to give duties equal footing with rights caused today’s problems  Western notion of rights is not the only right’s perspective  Need a global ethical standard that reflects principles entrenched in world’s religions CONVERSE VERSUS CORRELATIVE DUTIES  Responsibilities owed by individuals to society  Vertical duties that run upwards towards society  Responsibility of individual to respect the rights of other individuals  Horizontal duties that run between (across) actors

11 ‘AN ETHIC’ VERSUS ETHICS  A global ethic represents shared ethical values, attitudes and criteria to which all nations and interest groups commit themselves – a universal ethical manifesto  Ethics refers to uniform ethical system (codes of ethics of which some are legally enforceable, norms) ETHICAL VERSUS LEGAL RESPONSIBILITIES  Ethical responsibilities are personally felt by a person who is internally motivated to accept the duty out of a sense of conscience, love and the dignity of humanity (duty towards others and the community)  Legal responsibilities are duties that are imposed by an external body or authority

12  Transcultural undertandings and interpretations of core concepts – the conundrum created when people of different languages and cultures try to agree on how to define and translate:  Duty  Obligation  Responsibility NOTE – Küng (2005) observed most initiatives tend to use responsibility because it emphasizes inner responsibility (‘an ethic’) rather than external law (ethics); the term responsibility exerts a moral pressure but does not legally compel

13 Duties to Society Responsibility

14  Council of the Parliament of the World’s Religions (CPWR) Hans Küng  InterAction Council Hans Küng  UNESCO/Valencia Richard Goldstone  UNHRC Miguel Algonso Martinez

15  CPWR contains four irrevocable directives (commitments or affirmations – ancient guidelines or ethical principles of humanity that underpin all religions)  IAC contains 19 articles organized into six main topics/themes  Valencia declaration contains 41 articles organized into 12 chapters (akin to major rights housed in UNDHR)  UNHRC contains 29 articles, with 17 of them pertaining to “every person” (no themes or chapters)

16

17  31 duties in total across four initiatives  Common Duties/Themes (7 appeared in all four (22%), 13 appeared in three (42%), 5 appeared in two declarations (16%) and 6 appeared once (19%)  65% (n=20)appeared three times or more – evidence of fairly strong correlation  35% (n=11) appeared twice or less, and mostly in the communitarian approach  Relatively unique sets of duties in each initiative, with overlap  Different duties for faith-based versus communitarian

18  Titles included the concepts of universal and global (to ensure the future of humanity and the planet)  Universal means worldwide in scope, global means involving the whole earth – both terms refer to not being limited to local concerns  Meet basic human needs and security of humankind through reciprocal responsibilities

19  Three aspire for eventual adoption by the United Nations  Two of these are receiving a lot of pushback (UNHRC and InterAction Council)  The third, the Valencia one, is under the radar  The one on global ethics has not had any pushback and was not intended for the UN  Pushback – duties will morph into legal responsibilities that will weaken rights

20  Whether it is faith-based or communitarian does not seem to matter (one of each is getting push back – respectively, InterAction Council and the UNHRC  Main focus is to strive to reconcile ideologies, beliefs, political views and cultural differences for the good of humanity and the earth – become grounded in ethical principals, values and aspirations as fellow humans


Download ppt "Sue L. T. McGregor PhD Professor Mount Saint Vincent University, Halifax NS Canada 2010 International Cultural Research Network Conference Halifax NS."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google