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National Incident Management System Law Enforcement II.

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Presentation on theme: "National Incident Management System Law Enforcement II."— Presentation transcript:

1 National Incident Management System Law Enforcement II

2 Copyright © Texas Education Agency All rights reserved. Images and other multimedia content used with permission. Copyright and Terms of Service Copyright © Texas Education Agency, These materials are copyrighted © and trademarked ™ as the property of the Texas Education Agency (TEA) and may not be reproduced without the express written permission of TEA, except under the following conditions: 1) Texas public school districts, charter schools, and Education Service Centers may reproduce and use copies of the Materials and Related Materials for the districts’ and schools’ educational use without obtaining permission from TEA. 2) Residents of the state of Texas may reproduce and use copies of the Materials and Related Materials for individual personal use only, without obtaining written permission of TEA. 3) Any portion reproduced must be reproduced in its entirety and remain unedited, unaltered and unchanged in any way. 4) No monetary charge can be made for the reproduced materials or any document containing them; however, a reasonable charge to cover only the cost of reproduction and distribution may be charged. Private entities or persons located in Texas that are not Texas public school districts, Texas Education Service Centers, or Texas charter schools or any entity, whether public or private, educational or non-educational, located outside the state of Texas MUST obtain written approval from TEA and will be required to enter into a license agreement that may involve the payment of a licensing fee or a royalty. Contact TEA Copyrights with any questions you may have.TEA Copyrights 2

3 Copyright © Texas Education Agency All rights reserved. Images and other multimedia content used with permission. Key Terms Critical Infrastructure − systems and assets, whether physical or virtual, so vital to the United States that the incapacity or destruction of such systems and assets would have a debilitating impact on security, national economic security, national public health or safety, or any combination of those matters (42 USC §5195c)42 USC §5195c 3

4 Copyright © Texas Education Agency All rights reserved. Images and other multimedia content used with permission. Key Terms (continued) Key Resources − publicly or privately controlled resources essential to the minimal operations of the economy and government (6 USC §101)6 USC §101 Terrorist Threat − terrorist attacks against the critical infrastructure and key resources (CIKR) across the US that could seriously threaten national security, result in mass casualties, weaken the economy, and damage public morale and confidence (National Infrastructure Protection Plan, 2009)National Infrastructure Protection Plan,

5 Copyright © Texas Education Agency All rights reserved. Images and other multimedia content used with permission. Critical Infrastructure Sectors Chemical Sector Commercial Facilities Sector Communications Sector Critical Manufacturing Sector Dams Sector Defense Industrial Base Sector Emergency Services Sector Energy Sector Financial Services Sector Food and Agriculture Sector Government Facilities Sector Healthcare and Public Health Sector Healthcare and Public Health Sector Information Technology Sector Information Technology Sector National Monuments and Icons Sector National Monuments and Icons Sector Nuclear Reactors, Materials and Waste Sector Nuclear Reactors, Materials and Waste Sector Postal and Shipping Sector Transportation Systems Sector Water and Wastewater Systems Sector Water and Wastewater Systems Sector 5

6 Copyright © Texas Education Agency All rights reserved. Images and other multimedia content used with permission. Chemical Sector An integral part of our economy – Employees nearly 1 million people – Earns over $600 billion a year Can be divided into five main segments – Basic chemicals – Specialty chemicals – Agricultural chemicals – Pharmaceuticals – Consumer products 6

7 Copyright © Texas Education Agency All rights reserved. Images and other multimedia content used with permission. Chemical Sector (continued) Its facilities are usually privately owned, requiring the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) to work closely with the private sector and its industry associations to – Set goals and objectives – Identify assets – Assess risks – Prioritize needs – Implement protective programs 7

8 Copyright © Texas Education Agency All rights reserved. Images and other multimedia content used with permission. Commercial Facilities Sector Operates on the principle of open public access Usually privately owned and operated Consists of the following eight subsectors – Public Assembly – Sports Leagues – Gaming – Lodging – Outdoor Events – Entertainment and Media – Real Estate – Retail 8

9 Copyright © Texas Education Agency All rights reserved. Images and other multimedia content used with permission. Communications Sector An integral part of our economy, underlying the operations of all businesses, public safety organizations, and government Evolved from a voice service provider to a complex industry that uses interconnected terrestrial, satellite, and wireless transmission systems Companies often share facilities and technology to ensure interoperability Mostly owned and protected by the private sector 9

10 Copyright © Texas Education Agency All rights reserved. Images and other multimedia content used with permission. Critical Manufacturing Sector Critical to US economic prosperity – Makes up 13% of the US Gross Domestic Product – Employs about 11.7 million US citizens An attack on this sector could disrupt functions at the national level and across many critical infrastructure sections 10

11 Copyright © Texas Education Agency All rights reserved. Images and other multimedia content used with permission. Critical Manufacturing Sector (continued) Identified the following core industries – Primary Metal Manufacturing – Machinery Manufacturing – Electrical Equipment, Appliance, and Component Manufacturing – Transportation Equipment Manufacturing Focuses on the identification, assessment, prioritization, and protection of nationally significant manufacturing industries within the sector that may be susceptible to manmade and natural disasters 11

12 Copyright © Texas Education Agency All rights reserved. Images and other multimedia content used with permission. Dams Sector Includes – Dam projects – Hydropower generation facilities – Navigation locks – Levees – Dikes – Hurricane barriers – Mine tailings and other industrial waste impoundments – Other similar water retention and control facilities 12

13 Copyright © Texas Education Agency All rights reserved. Images and other multimedia content used with permission. Dams Sector (continued) Provides a wide range of benefits including – Hydroelectric power – River navigation – Water supply – Wildlife habitat – Waste management – Flood control – Recreation 13

14 Copyright © Texas Education Agency All rights reserved. Images and other multimedia content used with permission. Defense Industrial Base Sector The worldwide industrial complex that enables research and development, as well as design, production, delivery, and maintenance of military weapons systems, subsystems, and components or parts, to meet US military requirements Includes the Department of Defense (DOD), government, and private sector More than 100,000 companies (foreign and domestic) and subcontractors work for the DOD Provides products and services that are essential to mobilize, deploy, and sustain military operations Does not include the commercial infrastructure of providers of services (i.e. power, communications, transportation) 14

15 Copyright © Texas Education Agency All rights reserved. Images and other multimedia content used with permission. Emergency Services Sector A system of prevention, preparedness, response, and recovery elements The first line of defense from – Terrorist attacks – Manmade incidents – Natural disasters The primary protector for all critical infrastructure sectors Has the primary mission to save lives, protect property and the environment, assist communities impacted by disasters, and aid recovery from emergencies Functions at the state, local, tribal, and territorial levels 15

16 Copyright © Texas Education Agency All rights reserved. Images and other multimedia content used with permission. Emergency Services Sector (continued) Defined by the following disciplines – Law Enforcement – Fire and Emergency Services – Emergency Management – Emergency Medical Services – Public Works 16

17 Copyright © Texas Education Agency All rights reserved. Images and other multimedia content used with permission. Emergency Services Sector (continued) Has the following specialized capabilities – Hazardous Materials (HAZMAT) – Search and Rescue (SAR) – Explosive Ordnance Disposal (EOD) – Special Weapons and Tactics and Tactical Operations (SWAT) – Aviation Units – Public Safety Answering Points (PSAPs) 17

18 Copyright © Texas Education Agency All rights reserved. Images and other multimedia content used with permission. Energy Sector Essential to the functioning of the health, welfare, and economy of the US Divided into three interrelated segments – Electricity – Petroleum – Natural gas Relies heavily upon the Transportation Systems Sector because of its dependency on pipelinesTransportation Systems Sector Depended upon by all sectors 18

19 Copyright © Texas Education Agency All rights reserved. Images and other multimedia content used with permission. Financial Services Sector The backbone of the world economy Primarily owned and operated by private entities Consists of over 29,000 financial firms Allows customers to – Deposit funds and make payments to other parties – Provide credit and liquidity to customers – Invest funds for both long and short periods – Transfer financial risks between customers Operates to – Provide customers the financial products they want – Ensure the institution’s financial integrity – Protect customers’ assets – Guarantee the integrity of the financial system 19

20 Copyright © Texas Education Agency All rights reserved. Images and other multimedia content used with permission. Food and Agriculture Sector Responsible for the food and clothing of people in the US Almost entirely under private ownership Composed of – An estimated 2.2 million farms – 900,000 restaurants – More than 400,000 registered food manufacturing, processing, and storage facilities Accounts for about one-fifth of US economic activity Coordinated by the following – The US Department of Agriculture (USDA) – The Food and Drug Administration (FDA), an agency of the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) 20

21 Copyright © Texas Education Agency All rights reserved. Images and other multimedia content used with permission. Government Facilities Sector Includes a wide variety of buildings that are – Located in the US and overseas – Owned or leased by federal, state, local, and tribal governments – Open to the public for business activities, commercial transactions, and recreational activities – Not open to the public if they contain highly sensitive information, materials, processes, and equipment 21

22 Copyright © Texas Education Agency All rights reserved. Images and other multimedia content used with permission. Government Facilities Sector (continued) Includes facilities that are – General-use office buildings – Special-use military installations – Embassies – Courthouses – National laboratories – Structures that may house critical equipment, systems, networks, and functions Includes cyber elements that contribute to the protection of the sector’s assets 22

23 Copyright © Texas Education Agency All rights reserved. Images and other multimedia content used with permission. Government Facilities Sector (continued) Includes individuals who – Perform essential functions or – Possess tactical, operational, or strategic knowledge Has the following subsectors – Education Facilities Subsector – National Monuments and Icons Subsector 23

24 Copyright © Texas Education Agency All rights reserved. Images and other multimedia content used with permission. Healthcare and Public Health Sector Protects all sectors of the economy from hazards such as terrorism, infectious disease outbreaks, and natural disasters Mostly owned by private entities, making collaboration essential Constitutes 17% of the Gross National Product Operates in all US states, territories, and tribal areas, thus playing a significant role in response and recovery across all other sectors in the event of a natural or manmade disaster 24

25 Copyright © Texas Education Agency All rights reserved. Images and other multimedia content used with permission. Information Technology Sector Central to the nation’s security, economy, and public health and safety Depended upon by many entities, including – Businesses – Governments – Academia – Private citizens Provides hardware, software, and information technology systems and services in collaboration with the Communications Sector – the InternetCommunications Sector 25

26 Copyright © Texas Education Agency All rights reserved. Images and other multimedia content used with permission. National Monuments and Icons Sector Physical structures Includes the operational staff and visitors Has many of its assets listed in either the National Register of Historic Places or the List of National Historic Landmarks Owned by the Federal Government Has minimal cyber and telecommunications issues Three common characteristics of each structure – A monument, physical structure, or object – Recognized (nationally and internationally) to represent the nation or recognized for their significance – Memorialize or represent significant aspects of our nation Committed to protecting our nation’s symbols for future generations 26

27 Copyright © Texas Education Agency All rights reserved. Images and other multimedia content used with permission. Nuclear Reactors, Materials and Waste Sector Accounts for approximately 20% of the nation’s electrical generation provided by 104 commercial nuclear reactors Includes – Nuclear power plants – Non-power nuclear reactors used for research, testing, and training – Manufacturers of nuclear reactors or components – Radioactive materials used primarily in medical, industrial, and academic settings – Nuclear fuel cycle facilities – Decommissioned nuclear power reactors – The transportation, storage, and disposal of nuclear and radioactive waste 27

28 Copyright © Texas Education Agency All rights reserved. Images and other multimedia content used with permission. Postal and Shipping Sector An integral part of the US economy – Employs more than 1.8 million people – Earns more than $217 billion per year Focuses on small- and medium-sized packages Sector-specific assets include – Over 400 high-volume automated processing facilities – Over 40,000 local delivery units – Many and various collection, acceptance, and retail operations – Over 50,000 transport vehicles (i.e. vans, trucks, tractor trailers, and aircraft) – Information and communications networks Depended upon by every sector to deliver time-sensitive letters, packages, and other shipments 28

29 Copyright © Texas Education Agency All rights reserved. Images and other multimedia content used with permission. Transportation Systems Sector Moves people and goods Consists of the following subsectors – Aviation – Highway Infrastructure and Motor Carrier – Maritime Transportation System – Mass Transit and Passenger Rail – Pipeline Systems – Freight Rail 29

30 Copyright © Texas Education Agency All rights reserved. Images and other multimedia content used with permission. Water and Wastewater Systems Sector Supervised by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) who consults with the DHS and the EPA’s Water Sector partners Vulnerable to attacks including – Contamination with deadly agents – Physical attacks Release of toxic gaseous chemicals Cyber attacks Protects from a potentially large number of illnesses and casualties Protects from a denial of service that could impact public health and economic vitality 30

31 Copyright © Texas Education Agency All rights reserved. Images and other multimedia content used with permission. Protection Techniques Assessing vulnerabilities, implementing protective programs, and improving security protocols Enhancing preparedness through training and exercises Assisting with contingency planning, response, and recovery Implementing real-time information sharing Implementing cyber-security measures Assisting with infrastructure data collection and management Implementing regulations for high-risk chemical facilities Developing standards for federal building security 31

32 Copyright © Texas Education Agency All rights reserved. Images and other multimedia content used with permission. National Infrastructure Protection Plan (NIPP) 2009 Provides a unifying structure for the integration of a wide range of efforts for the enhanced protection and resiliency of the nation's CIKR into a single, national program Has the goal to build a safer, more secure, and more resilient America by preventing, deterring, neutralizing, or mitigating the effects of deliberate efforts by terrorists to destroy, incapacitate, or exploit elements of our nation's CIKR and to strengthen national preparedness, timely response, and rapid recovery of CIKR in the event of an attack, natural disaster, or other emergency 32

33 Copyright © Texas Education Agency All rights reserved. Images and other multimedia content used with permission. Resources US Department of Homeland Security Critical Infrastructures: What Makes an Infrastructure Critical? (2003) Presidential Decision Directive/NSC-63 FEMA, IS-860.a National Infrastructure Protection Plan (NIPP) United States Code Title 42 Chapter 68 Subchapter IV-B §5195c (42 USC §5195c) 33


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