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The potential functions may be divided into bonded terms, which give the energy contained in the internal degrees of freedom, and non-bonded terms, which.

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Presentation on theme: "The potential functions may be divided into bonded terms, which give the energy contained in the internal degrees of freedom, and non-bonded terms, which."— Presentation transcript:

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2 The potential functions may be divided into bonded terms, which give the energy contained in the internal degrees of freedom, and non-bonded terms, which describe interactions between molecules. Force Field Potential Functions Potentials between bonded atoms = zero for most water models Potentials between non-bonded atoms Total potential Energy, E pot or V tot

3 jjii R ij Electrostatics and Solvation jjii R ij Here  r is the relative electric permitivity also known as the “dielectric constant”. When other molecules exist between the charges, they may weaken the electrostatic interaction depending on the extent of their polarity. The more polar the intervening molecules the more they screen the two charges from each other. This effect is very important for water because water is very polar. Charge screening can be explicitly modeled if individual waters are present, or it can be approximated implicitly using the dielectric constant of the solvent. For example, water (very polar, dipole = 1.85D) has a dielectric constant of 80 while n-butanol (less polar, dipole = 1.63D) has a dielectric constant of 18, at 20 °C

4 R ij Dielectric (  r = 80) Dielectric (  r = 1) Effect of Dielectric Constant on Electrostatic Interaction Energy Employing a large dielectric constant effectively eliminates electrostatic interactions When is this reasonable? Only when the charges are far apart

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23 Potential energy functions for atomic-level simulations of water and organic and biomolecular systems William L. Jorgensen * and Julian Tirado-Rives PNAS May 10, 2005 vol. 102 no –6670 Fig. 1. Computed (OPLS-AA) and experimental results for liquid densities (Left), heats of vaporization (Middle), and free energies of hydration (Right) at 25°C and 1 atm.

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26 Fig. 2. Computed and experimental results for the density (gcm3) of liquid water vs. temperature at a pressure of 1 atm.

27 Coming up: Effects of water models on Biomolecular Structure 1)Explicit Water Models Affect the Specific Solvation and Dynamics of Unfolded Peptides While the Conformational Behavior and Flexibility of Folded Peptides Remain Intact Petra Florov, Petr Sklenovsk, Pavel Ban, and Michal Otyepka J. Chem. Theory Comput., 2010, 6, 3569–3579 2)On the role of water models in quantifying the standard binding free energy of highly conserved water molecules in proteins: the case of Concanavalin A. Elisa Fadda and Robert J. Woods J. Chem. Theory Comput. (2011). In Press. DOI: /ct200404z.


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