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REVIEW FOR WWI, RUSSIAN REVOLUTION & BETWEEN THE WARS UNIT TEST.

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Presentation on theme: "REVIEW FOR WWI, RUSSIAN REVOLUTION & BETWEEN THE WARS UNIT TEST."— Presentation transcript:

1 REVIEW FOR WWI, RUSSIAN REVOLUTION & BETWEEN THE WARS UNIT TEST

2 WORLD WAR I REVIEW

3 THE MAIN CAUSES OF WWI 1. Nationalism - superiority of own nation or wanting your own nation A. French Hate the Germans B. Slavs wanting independence 2. Imperialism - taking over or controlling another country or region A. Race for Colonies B. German & Italian Jealousy over colonies 3. Militarism - glorification of the military A. Might = Right B. Arms Races 4. Alliance Structure - interlocking defense treaties- just needs one spark for WWI to start

4 France Russia Great Britain Germany Austria-Hungary Italy PRE-WAR ALLIANCES Triple AllianceTriple Entente

5 THE START OF THE WAR Archduke Franz Ferdinand A. In Sarajevo, Bosnia B. Assassinated 1. The Assassin: Gavrilo Princip 2. The Black Hand War is Declared: July 28, 1914

6 WWI: TOTAL WAR WWI Impacts everyone Impacts on the Home front: 1. Draft 2. Rationing 3. All must Work 4. Propaganda & Censorship 5. Lack of Food and Necessities

7 Germany Austria-Hungary Ottoman Empire Bulgaria France Russia Great Britain Serbia Italy United States Japan THE SIDES IN WWI- NEED TO KNOW- LISTING AlliesCentral Powers

8 Use of Trench Warfare A. Common on the Western Front miles of trenches No Mans Land 1. Area between the Trenches 2. Barren & Bombed out New Technology in WWI 1. Machine Guns 2. Poison Gas 3. Flamethrowers 4. Tanks 5. Airplanes 6. Submarines FIGHTING THE WAR

9 TURNING POINTS & END OF WWI The Turning Points of WWI 1.US enters the War on the side of the Allies April of Russia exits the War in November of 1917 A. Treaty of Brest-Litovsk - Russia gives up a lot of land to Germany in order to exit War & continue revolution Armistice - 11:00 am, November 11, 1918

10 THE TREATY OF VERSAILLES Goal of Allies, especially France and Great Britain, Punish Germany The Big Four at the conference: Clemenceau, George, Wilson & Orlando Treaty is very Harsh to Germany Causes rise of Nazism & WWII 1. German anger at severity of Treaty will weaken its government 2. Germans will push to regain Power & Prestige lost in the Treaty

11 THE RUSSIAN REVOLUTION

12 CAUSES OF REVOLUTION Dissatisfaction with Czarist Rule 1. Czar was very autocratic and people had few rights Peasant Unrest 1. Peasants treated like serfs, lack of food and protections Urban Workers 1. Severe impacts of industrialism- no unions Diversity of Nationalism 1. Many groups in Russia want their own countries, or at least some rights WWI 1. Destabilizes Russia

13 THE BOLSHEVIKS Duma- very weak and ineffectual Bolsheviks- Hardline communists who called for a violent overthrow of the government 1. Led by Vladimir Lenin & Leon Trotsky Steps to a “Communist Paradise” 1. Replace Capitalism - private ownership of all resources, no government interference 2. Next go to Socialism - strong government redistributes all resources- creates a classless society 3. Communism- no government, just a leader to guide country. Classless society

14 THE REVOLUTION Starts in takes 3 years Against Czar Nicholas II 1. Forced to Abdicate in Entire Family is murdered in 1919 Communists win after a very bloody struggle

15 BETWEEN THE WARS Gandhi in India 1. Pushes for Indian Independence using Non-Violent means Rise of Fascism 1. Strong, dictatorial, governments that are very nationalistic & imperialistic 2. Founded in Italy by Benito Mussolini 3. Also used by Adolph Hitler

16 THE GREAT DEPRESSION

17 CAUSES Main Cause, especially in US, Stock Market Crash Weakened European Economies from WWI Collapse of Banks Enacting Tariffs & Retaliatory Tariffs

18 EFFECTS/IMPACTS High Unemployment Businesses Closing Loss of Trade Friction Between Nations Destabilization of World Governments Rise of Communism & Fascism

19 TEST REMINDERS STUDY- 100 Points Extended Response Questions 1. Answer all parts- explain, describe… 2. Don’t just list Take your time


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