Presentation on theme: "A person who wages an unofficial war on a country"— Presentation transcript:
1 A person who wages an unofficial war on a country Get your Binders and Please take a blue reading packet and the white write on sheet from the front of the room.FilibusterA person who wages an unofficial war on a country
2 Philip Nolan Description: American who threatened Spanish Rule. Came to Texas in 1791 as a trader.Entered Texas several times with Spanish permission.Spanish suspected he was involved with Gen. Wilkinson to take Texas from MexicoVentured deep into Central Texas made a camp on the banks of the Brazos RiverSpanish commander sent 100 soldiers to arrest himDecided to fight and was killed, his men were arrested and imprisoned until 1807
3 Questions What were the goals of the filibusters? What makes you think that Philip Nolan was working with the U. S. government to take control of Texas from Spain?The goals of the filibusters were to wage an unofficial waron Spain and take Texas territory from Spain.Some believed that Nolan was working with the US gov. forseveral reasons: he had been a book keeper to Wilkinson,he was mapping the areas , entered again without permissionand he fought when he was caught.
4 Gutierrez-Magee Expedition Description:Gutierrez meets Magee and they decide to continue Hidalgo’s rebellionMagee was bitter because he was passed over for a promotionThought Spain had no right to impose its will on the Mexican peopleThey moved into Texas in 1812 with about 130 people, citizens from the US, Mexico, Natives and FrenchTake Nacogdoches, moved to San Antonio, follow the Spanish to La Bahia at Goliad and take the presidioInternal disagreements, confusion, and command changes weaken the expedition1813 Republic Army is defeated at the Battle of Medina
5 Questions What disagreement weakened the Republican Army of the North? How was the Gutierrez-Magee Expedition successful in the fight for Mexican Independence?The expedition was weakened by arguments on how a free Texaswould be ruled; the US way with elections or the Spanish waywith a governor and appointed official cabinetThe Expedition was successful due to it’s ability to take and control Nacogdoches, La Bahia Presidio and San Antonio. It gave inspiration to others that Spain could be defeated
6 Long Expedition Description: Long was unhappy with Adams-Onis treaty of 1819Organized an invading force to free Texas1819 Long captured the town of Nacogdoches, establishes a government with himself as PresidentLong traveled to Galveston Island to get help from Jean Lafitte, he refusesCol. Perez, from SA with 500 soldiers runs Long’s supporters out of TexasLong goes to New Orleans to recruit more men and to plan another invasion. They move inland to La Bahia at Goliad.Long is forced to surrender, captured and taken to Mexico City for trial; while waiting trial he is shot and killed
7 QuestionsWhy did Dr. James Long support Mexican independence? What was the filibuster’s attitude toward the Adams-Onis Treaty? What did James Long hope to accomplish in TX? If you were Jane Long, would you return to Texas? ExplainDr. Long supported Mexican independence because he believed that Texas belonged to the USHe was unhappy about the Adams-Onis Treaty, he felt it gave US land away.Long hoped to free the territory from Spanish control and make it part of the US or an independent land.I believe she returned to Texas because she had no other optionsopen to her. Texas was to become the land of opportunity for many.
8 Spanish GovernmentDescription:Spain sees more and more Americans crossing the Mississippi and Louisiana and settling without permissionUS gov. was interested in how they acquire Spanish territory1800 Nolan is given permission to do business in Texas; he has close ties to the US gov.1803 US acquires Louisiana Purchase; parts of Texas claimed by both Spain and the USGen Andrew Jackson of the US followed Indians into Spanish Florida without permission and without remorse (not sorry)1819 US gains control of land claimed by Spain, Spain ceded Florida to the US in the Adam-Onis treatyMore and More illegals moving to Texas
9 QuestionsWhich of the 3 filibusters’ expeditions seemed to be the greatest threat to the Spanish government of New Spain? Explain Why would Spain be against the independence of Mexico? Why would Spain not trust the U. S.?You pick, but defend your answer Ex: Gutierrez- Magee, theyactually won and Defended the land for a time.Spain wants to control all of her colonies. She does not want tolose any more territory to anyone.Americans citizens have continued to interfere with the SpanishGov of New Spain, They are looking for excuses to take what belongsto Spain.
10 SummaryYOUR POINT OF VIEW: How do you think these events will impact Texas? Prove your point with at least 3 examples from your readings