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The Paris Peace Conference. Vocabulary:  Total War  Fourteen Points  Bolshevism  Realpolitik  Self-determination  League of Nations  Reparations.

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Presentation on theme: "The Paris Peace Conference. Vocabulary:  Total War  Fourteen Points  Bolshevism  Realpolitik  Self-determination  League of Nations  Reparations."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Paris Peace Conference

2 Vocabulary:  Total War  Fourteen Points  Bolshevism  Realpolitik  Self-determination  League of Nations  Reparations  Collective Security

3 Important People:  Lloyd George  Woodrow Wilson  Georges Clemenceau  Kaiser Wilhelm II  Vittorio Orlando  Emperor Taisho/Hara Takashi

4 Aims and Goals: background issues  Aims and goals were fueled not only by war but by pre-war hopes and dreams  Countries that wanted independence or that at revolted needed to be addressed  Things that need to be considered:  1. The Bolshevik Revolution: new political philosophy in Europe(feared by some)  2. Great Empires shattered: A.H., Ottomans  3. A Few Decide: Britain, France and U.S. (Democratic)

5 Aims and goals con’t…  4. The war was big on every level: even concepts, “war to end all wars” “To make the world safe for democracy”…  5. Popular opinion, propaganda and the media  6. Wilson and his 14 Points: assumed that war could be prevented if people made the effort

6 The Aims of the participants…  There were two different approaches  1. new order of international relations for permanent peace  2. desire to punish those who had caused conflict and to get compensation  I need help thinking of people to represent this concept…Mean Girls, Heathers…I need a genuinely nice example??

7 The United States - Wilson  The desires of the US were expressed by the 14 points  Reflected ideals of democracy and self-determination  Lacked specifics  Set up League of Nations (forum to settle disputes)  Some punishment of Germany and then they could join the League  Wilson was in Paris for a very long time which took a toll at home

8 The United Kingdom: Lloyd George  A house divided: Britain fell into two categories  1. Traditional British Foreign Policy -elimination of the German fleet -end of German Empire -defeat German plans for control of Europe -return to normal European relations, restore British economy to fight Bolshevism -no involvement in alliances (except Alsace-Lorraine for balance)

9 U.K.  And the Second Camp: non-traditional  Wanted a declaration of German war guild  Wanted Germany to pay extensive reparations $$$  This reflects some campaign promises…

10 France…  France was very afraid of Germany’s growing power  France suffered 2 million dead and wounded during war  France territory had suffered as a major battle zone  So France wanted to weaken Germany:  Disarmament  Territory reduction  Heavy reparations to weaken economy  Wanted alliance with UK and US

11 Italy…  Simple: territorial gains  Wanted territory that had been promised when they entered WWI  Not fans of self-determination if it impacted them  Walked out when denied rights to Dalmatian Coast territories (promised)

12 Japan…  Did not like self-determination and wanted to secure a larger empire for security and economic reasons  Japan wanted German territories in China  Japan wanted to be “in” with the major players

13 Germany…  Germany asked for an armistice in Oct. 1918, they had not been defeated or invaded at the time  Some influence of Wilson’s 14 Points…  Germany was not invited to the Conference as they were after Napoleonic Wars in 1815  Kaiser Wilhelm II abdicated and they established a democratic republic in hopes to gain sympathy

14 “ ” …the French people knew what they wanted to write into the treaty of peace-revenge… …” COMPENSATION FOR ALL THEY HAD SUFFERED, AND GUARANTEES THAT A SIMILAR WAR WOULD NEVER HAPPEN AGAIN … For four years they had believed that the only good German was a dead German. Now they felt that the only safe Germany would be a crippled Germany…” Williamson, D War and Peace: International relations , p. 23.

15 And your homework…  Because we do not have books yet…I will re-issue a weekly reading/outline chart  Due Friday: Select a speech from one Allied leader prior to the PPC. Answer the questions:  1. what promises did the leaders make? 20 pts  2. compare the promises/expectations set with their position at the PPC. 20 pts  3. Was the public aware? How did they react? 20 pts  Don’t forget to cite your sources!

16 Metacognition and reflection journal…  Reflect on the following:  Should Germany and the other “losers” have attended the PPC?  How do you personally feel about war? Peace? Revenge?  Think of a short playlist for the PPC…mine starts with Summertime Sadness and then goes to Shattered by BDOD… maybe throw in HELP by the Beatles…


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