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Political Reallocation and Growth of China Cities ( Collate according to report of Professor Liu Xuemin ) Thematic Report of China Geography(2)

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Presentation on theme: "Political Reallocation and Growth of China Cities ( Collate according to report of Professor Liu Xuemin ) Thematic Report of China Geography(2)"— Presentation transcript:

1 Political Reallocation and Growth of China Cities ( Collate according to report of Professor Liu Xuemin ) Thematic Report of China Geography(2)

2 Political Reallocation and Growth of China Cities Reporter: Professor Liu Xuemin Scientific Report Contacting Fashion : College of Resources &Technology,BNU Tel : ( 0 ); Contacting Fashion : College of Resources &Technology,BNU Tel : ( 0 );

3 1. One-way flow of population in the process of China's urbanization ( Special Phenomenon ) Two abnormal periods year Urban people migrate to village year Urban youth migrate to the countryside Two abnormal periods year Urban people migrate to village year Urban youth migrate to the countryside Since the beginning of reform and opening up, the process of urbanization has accelerated Population flow trend Country Small Town Middle and Small City Large City Metropolis

4 Awareness: The general law of urban growth and the driving force How to explain this phenomenon ? From the perspective of students, collate and absorb ideas and understanding from the report. How to explain this phenomenon ? From the perspective of students, collate and absorb ideas and understanding from the report. Awareness : China cities variation and driving force of growth think Reposition and driving force of the China's urbanization law

5 The natural growth of cities under the market rule 2. The general law of urban growth and the driving force City Village Pull Push Suppose:Unify labour market Scale Economy and close distance Lower costs Enterprises gather in the cities Scale Economy and close distance Lower costs Enterprises gather in the cities Labour demand Increases Labor prices increases Labour demand Increases Labor prices increases Urban high-income attractability Comparative advantage Rural labor into cities Urban high-income attractability Comparative advantage Rural labor into cities Equilibria Labour Market Equilibria Labour Market City population back flow City growth rule

6 Equilibria Labour Market Circumfluence Urban population flow from large city to small and middle city and small town Circumfluence Urban population flow from large city to small and middle city and small town Driving force of city growth law Scale economy provides impetus for population and economic aggregation Urban expansion to a certain extent, the emergence of urban disease Income to reduce urban expansion-contraction balance Scale economy provides impetus for population and economic aggregation Urban expansion to a certain extent, the emergence of urban disease Income to reduce urban expansion-contraction balance suburbanization Unified labour market Urban Labour increase-income decrease Rural Labour decrease- income increase Interest-driven labour market and labour income balance Unified labour market Urban Labour increase-income decrease Rural Labour decrease- income increase Interest-driven labour market and labour income balance Monetary adjustment Exception : Government political redistribution function Exception : Government political redistribution function

7 3. China cities variation and driving force of growth Driving force Variation of the law Political redistribution function Before reform and opening up of China: Some farmers income was transferred to the city unequally Household barrier isolates urban and rural population flow frozen and unreasonable distribution for long-term The adjusted function of income equalisation in contorted market caused imbalance between urban and rural incomes Before reform and opening up of China: Some farmers income was transferred to the city unequally Household barrier isolates urban and rural population flow frozen and unreasonable distribution for long-term The adjusted function of income equalisation in contorted market caused imbalance between urban and rural incomes After reform and opening up of China : Misplacement of Time : urban economic reform sluggish to rural Surplus labor force and household barriers isolate rural-urban migration Special urbanization : the local industrialization and small urbanization After reform and opening up of China : Misplacement of Time : urban economic reform sluggish to rural Surplus labor force and household barriers isolate rural-urban migration Special urbanization : the local industrialization and small urbanization One way of people to flow to cities One way of people to flow to cities Large city extends-boundary expands Income difference from rural-urban to urban inside

8 Weaken government political reallocation function between urban and rural Provide commonality product Exclude household barrier construct unified labor market Construct welfare insurance system Weaken government political reallocation function between urban and rural Provide commonality product Exclude household barrier construct unified labor market Construct welfare insurance system 4. Reposition and driving force of the China's urbanization law Driving force Law Reposition Push marketization change government function Push marketization change government function Construct unified labor market through marketization Change government function through reform,weaken government political reallocation function,revert to the normal orbit of city growth Construct unified labor market through marketization Change government function through reform,weaken government political reallocation function,revert to the normal orbit of city growth


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