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“GIVE ME LIBERTY OR GIVE ME DEATH!” -Patrick Henry “GIVE ME LIBERTY OR GIVE ME DEATH!” -Patrick Henry SONGS FOR THE DAY: ANOTHER ONE BITE THE DUST Daily.

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Presentation on theme: "“GIVE ME LIBERTY OR GIVE ME DEATH!” -Patrick Henry “GIVE ME LIBERTY OR GIVE ME DEATH!” -Patrick Henry SONGS FOR THE DAY: ANOTHER ONE BITE THE DUST Daily."— Presentation transcript:

1 “GIVE ME LIBERTY OR GIVE ME DEATH!” -Patrick Henry “GIVE ME LIBERTY OR GIVE ME DEATH!” -Patrick Henry SONGS FOR THE DAY: ANOTHER ONE BITE THE DUST Daily Comment & Card “COMMON SENSE” - Pamphlet published by Thomas Paine calling for immediate independence from Britain -sold throughout the colonies, very popular -it helped weaken resistance in the Continental Congress toward independence January 1776

2 “THESE UNITED COLONIES ARE, AND OF RIGHT OUGHT TO BE, FREE AND INDEPENDENT STATES... ” -RICHARD HENRY LEE “THESE UNITED COLONIES ARE, AND OF RIGHT OUGHT TO BE, FREE AND INDEPENDENT STATES... ” -RICHARD HENRY LEE SONGS FOR THE DAY: TOO LATE TO APOLOGIZE Daily Comment & Card DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE JULY 4, Document with reasons Americans are separating from Britain -Thomas Jefferson & committee create it for Continental Congress -John Locke’s influence is seen in the document -final product does not contain a condemnation of British slave trade from earlier drafts

3 “GIVE ME LIBERTY OR GIVE ME DEATH!” -Patrick Henry “GIVE ME LIBERTY OR GIVE ME DEATH!” -Patrick Henry SONGS FOR THE DAY: TOO LATE TO APOLOGIZE Daily Comment & Card “COMMON SENSE”DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE - Pamphlet published by Thomas Paine calling for immediate independence from Britain -sold throughout the colonies, very popular -it helped weaken resistance in the Continental Congress toward independence January 1776 JULY 4, Document with reasons Americans are separating from Britain -Thomas Jefferson & committee create it for Continental Congress -John Locke’s influence is seen in the document -final product does not contain a condemnation of British slave trade from earlier drafts

4 “GIVE ME LIBERTY OR GIVE ME DEATH!” -Patrick Henry “GIVE ME LIBERTY OR GIVE ME DEATH!” -Patrick Henry SONGS FOR THE DAY: NO MORE KINGS Daily Comment & Card BATTLE OF SARATOGA ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION - Revolutionary battle fought in New York -British planned to end the Revolution by splitting the colonies, but they failed -British end up surrendering in the first great American victory -Demonstrated the British could hold cities, but that they would have trouble in the countrysides -Considered a turning point with the French sending aid after this battle 1777 SUBMITTED 1776; RATIFIED Framework for an American national government; states had the most power -Empowered the federal government to make war, treaties, and create new states -No federal empowerment to levy taxes, raise troops, or regulate commerce -Congressional revision of the articles created a weak national government

5 “GIVE ME LIBERTY OR GIVE ME DEATH!” -Patrick Henry “GIVE ME LIBERTY OR GIVE ME DEATH!” -Patrick Henry SONGS FOR THE DAY: NO MORE KINGS Daily Comment & Card BATTLE OF SARATOGA - Revolutionary battle fought in New York -British planned to end the Revolution by splitting the colonies, but they failed -British end up surrendering in the first great American victory -Demonstrated the British could hold cities, but that they would have trouble in the countrysides -Considered a turning point with the French sending aid after this battle 1777

6 9pDZMRCpQ (NO MORE KINGS)

7 II. WAR FOR INDEPENDENCE A. UNITED STATES IS BORN B. TAKING SIDES C. SURPRISE VICTORY AT TRENTON D. TURNING POINT—SARATOGA E. VALLEY FORGE F. GEORGE ROGERS CLARK G. TRAITOR—BENEDICT ARNOLD H. YORKTOWN & TREATY OF PARIS

8 A. UNITED STATES IS BORN With Declaration of Independence, a new nation is born. “WE MUST ALL HANG TOGETHER, OR MOST ASSUREDLY, WE SHALL ALL HANG SEPARATELY.” -BEN FRANKLIN THEY ARE NOW TRAITORS… 1-10

9 B.TAKING SIDES -1/3 PATRIOTS -1/3 TORIES (SIDE WITH GB) -1/3 TRIED NEUTRAL 2-10 NEAR WAR’S END, ABOUT 80,000 TORIES (COLONISTS LOYAL TO ENGLAND) MIGRATED TO CANADA.

10 ENGLISH AND THE COLONIAL ARMIES OFFERED FREEDOM TO ANY AFRICAN- AMERICAN WHO FOUGHT WITH THEM. ABOUT 5,000 AFRICAN-AMERICANS FOUGHT AS PATRIOTS. 3-10

11 C. SURPRISE VICTORY AT TRENTON WINTER OF 1776 GEORGE WASHINGTON HAD A SURPRISE IN MIND… 4-10 ON CHRISTMAS NIGHT 1776, WASHINGTON CROSSED THE DELAWARE AND SURPRISED THE HESSIANS AT TRENTON CAPTURED 1,000 PRISONERS AND MUCH NEEDED SUPPLIES!!

12 D. TURNING POINT-SARATOGA -OCTOBER BRITISH SURRENDER. -MORALE IMPROVES, FRENCH OPENLY SEND AID (SPAIN & HOLLAND HELP ALSO) 5-10

13 E.VALLEY FORGE (BLEAK WINTER) NO SHELTER -NO CLOTHING -NO (LITTLE) FOOD -NO PAY AMAZINGLY, THEY STAYED WITH WASHINGTON… 6-10

14 F.GEORGE ROGERS CLARK SUMMER , GEORGE ROGERS CLARK CAPTURED BRITISH FORTS & GAINED CONTROL OF OHIO TERRITORY. 7-10

15 G.TRAITOR—BENEDICT ARNOLD  COMMANDER OF WEST POINT  CAUGHT IN PLOT TO SURRENDER FORT  BRITISH MAJOR JOHN ANDRE CAPTURED AND EXECUTED (EXECUTED)  ARNOLD ESCAPES, BECOMES BRITISH OFFICER 8-10

16 H.YORKTOWN & TREATY OF PARIS  LAST MAJOR BATTLE (VA)  FRENCH FLEET SEALS OFF THE HARBOR  SURRENDER ON 10/19/1781  CORNWALLIS MAKES SOMEONE ELSE ATTEND THE SURRENDER 9-10

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18 IN 1782 PARLIAMENT VOTES TO END WAR… TREATY OF PARIS, GREAT BRITAIN ACKNOWLEDGED INDEPENDENCE -BOUNDARIES: EAST-ATLANTIC WEST-MISSISSIPPI RIVER NORTH-CANADA SOUTH-FLORIDA -FLORIDA RETURNED TO SPAIN 10-10


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