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OPENING What are some characteristics that can strengthen or weaken a state?
Spatial Organization of Governments How states organize their territories
Richard Hartshorne (1950s) Forces at work that affect success of state Centripetal forces –Unify a state Centrifugal forces –Break a state apart
Centripetal Forces Forces that strengthen state National institutions Common history Culture Strong central government Effective communications Homogeneity
Centrifugal Forces Forces that weaken state Regionalism Ethnic strife Territorial disputes Heterogeneity
Critical Thinking Identify and explain three centripetal and three centrifugal forces within the United States
Forms of Government Unitary –Centralized, powerful capital –Monarchy/dictator –Strong state
Forms of Government Federal –Shared power –Strong v. weak Degree of regional power
Devolution Movement of power from central to regional governments Bringing the power closer to the people –Often based on ethno-cultural groups Can contribute to centrifugal forces
Human Geography At the end of today’s lesson… …you should be able to explain how states spatially organize their governments.
This term applies to any force that divides people within a state. Questions: What centrifugal forces are at play in Eastside?
Centrifugal and Centripetal Forces What brings together or pulls apart a nation.
Political Forces and Spatial Conflict POLITICAL GEOGRAPHY.
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Introduction to Geography By Arthur Getis Judith Getis Jerome D. Fellmann.
IV. Europe split between identity fractions and a strong desire for unity Centripetal and Centrifugal forces working simultaneously States in Europe.
Federal States, Unitary States and the Process of Devolution Quick Learn.
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Political Geography l Centripetal Forces l Centrifugal Forces l Internal Territorial Disputes l Migration l Refugees.
UNIT 4 REVIEW. WHAT IS POLITICAL GEOGRAPHY Political Geography Study of human political organization of the earth at various geographic levels.Study.
Political Geography Centripetal and Centrifugal Forces.
Types of Boundaries Frontier – geographic zone where no state exercises power. Example: France and England fought over frontier areas in NA in the French.
Review of Semester 2 Issues Covered European Issues StatesFranceSpainGermany Territorial politics sub-state issues European Union General Issues Federalism.
Political Culture and the Evolving State STUDY QUESTIONS 1. Define state and nation. List the main historic events that led to development of the modern.
Warm up! 1.What is the difference between a nation and a state? 2.What is a nation-state? 3.Where is the cultural hearth of the modern state? 4.Why.
Human Geography Jerome D. Fellmann Arthur Getis Judith Getis Jon C. Malinowski.
The 5 Themes of Geography There are five ways to look at the earth When geographers work, they are guided by two basic questions: 1. Where are things.
Ethnicity and the State. Race vs Ethnicity 0 Race 0 Identity with a group of people descended from a common ancestor 0 Genetically significant differences.
How do countries remain together, and why do they split apart?
Nelson Brown Frank Popieski Natascha Stafford (R.I.P) Meredith Nacke.
Centripetal & Centrifugal Force pg. 232 Nation-state Pg. 231 White Flight pg. 228 Blockbusting pg. 228 Multi-ethnic vs. multinational pg. 232.
Internal Structure 1.The needs of a well-functioning state a)Clearly bounded territory served by an adequate infrastructure b)Effective administrative.
5 Themes of Geography The 5 Big Ideas in Geography: Location Place Region Movement Human Environmental Interaction.
Geopolitics The interplay between geography, power, politics & international relations G8 Meeting in Italy, 2009.
Political Systems. Characteristics that define a country: 1.Territory 2.Population 3.Sovereignty 4.Government.
Political Geography By: Graham D. And Nitzan F.. Political Geography The study of the political organization of the world.
APHG Learning Targets Political Geography: Pre-Test 1. Geopolitics is best described as: A Study of relationships among politics, geography, economics,
What Is A Nation? Or, what is the difference between a State, a Nation and a Nation State?
Comparative Government and Politics Introduction and Method.
Top 10 Terms Per APHG Unit. UNIT 1: GEOGRAPHY: NATURE & ITS PERSPECTIVES 1.Location 2.Regions 3.Diffusion 4.Distribution 5.Projections 6.Map Types 7.Map.
Colonization, boundaries, and territorial morphology.
Unitary Confederate Federal One central government has all the power to make laws and decisions for the people.
Chapter 1 Government. Please select a Team. 1.Team 1 2.Team 2.
Human Geography AP Review Important Concepts and People – Part 2.
Write down homework: Conceptual Analysis retake by 10/2 (X) and 10/3 (Y) Understanding Devolution and Federalism – due 10/6 (X), 10/7 (Y) Current.
Nationalism Aim/Goals: How can nationalism have both a positive and negative effect on a nation? Do Now: Write your answer to the following question:
Unitary Confederate Federal Central government has all the power to make laws and decision for the people.
Government & Economic Systems A Journey Into Human Geography.
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Ethnicity and Nationhood AP Human Geography. Ethnicity Reviewed As we previously discussed, ethnicity refers to the cultural background of a group of.
What is meant by ethnocentrism? The belief that one’s own ethnic group is superior to all others.
What is Geography?. Geography is the study of people, their environments, and their resources. Geographers ask how the natural environment affects us,
A DisUnited Kingdom? Will Devolution Strengthen or Weaken the Union? Jan Erik Mustad Senior Lecturer University of Agder
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