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BUILDING VOCABULARY SKILLS Fourth Edition Sherrie L. Nist © 2010 Townsend Press.

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Presentation on theme: "BUILDING VOCABULARY SKILLS Fourth Edition Sherrie L. Nist © 2010 Townsend Press."— Presentation transcript:

1 BUILDING VOCABULARY SKILLS Fourth Edition Sherrie L. Nist © 2010 Townsend Press

2 INDEPENDENT WORK 1.Pick up the Vocabulary handout for Chapter Three from the bookcase in the front of the room. 2.Complete the first TWO sections ONLY. ( Ten Words in Context and Matching Words with Definitions) 3.Fold your paper in half and wait for everyone to finish.

3 Unit One: Chapter 3 Ten Words in Context 1. delete6. menace c. To erasec. A danger 2. impartial7. morale b. faira. spirit 3. integrity8. naïve a.Honestya. Lacking experience 4. legitimate9. overt b. Considered propera. obvious 5. lenient10. undermine b. Easygoingc. to weaken

4 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. 1 delete Delete means A. to type. B. to add. C. to get rid of. When I accidentally deleted several paragraphs of my research paper from the computer, it took ten minutes to retype them. The invitation list is too long. Unless we delete a few names, the party will be too crowded. – verb We hold these truths to be obvious, that all men are created equal... self-evident The word obvious has been deleted and replaced with self- evident.

5 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Delete means A. to type. B. to add. C. to get rid of. If the writer had to retype the paragraphs, he or she must have accidentally gotten rid of them. If the list is too long, it can be made shorter by getting rid of a few names. When I accidentally deleted several paragraphs of my research paper from the computer, it took ten minutes to retype them. The invitation list is too long. Unless we delete a few names, the party will be too crowded. 1 delete – verb We hold these truths to be obvious, that all men are created equal... self-evident The word obvious has been deleted and replaced with self- evident.

6 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. 2 impartial – adjective Impartial means A. not whole. B. fair. C. friendly. Too much publicity before a trial makes it difficult for lawyers to find impartial jurors, people with no opinion about the case. “I’m an impartial judge of character,” Dolores joked. “I distrust all people equally, without prejudice.”

7 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Impartial means A. not whole. B. fair. C. friendly. People with no opinion about the case would be fair jurors. Someone who views all people without prejudice is fair when judging a person’s character. Too much publicity before a trial makes it difficult for lawyers to find impartial jurors, people with no opinion about the case. “I’m an impartial judge of character,” Dolores joked. “I distrust all people equally, without prejudice.” 2 impartial – adjective

8 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. 3 integrity Our boss trusts Ramon with the key to the cash register because she knows that he has integrity. I thought our senator had integrity, so I was shocked to hear that she had taken a bribe. – noun Integrity means A. honesty. B. talent. C. a good memory.

9 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Our boss trusts Ramon with the key to the cash register because she knows that he has integrity. I thought our senator had integrity, so I was shocked to hear that she had taken a bribe. Integrity means A. honesty. B. talent. C. a good memory. If the boss trusts Ramon with the cash register key, she must know that he is honest. If one believes the senator is honest, he or she would be shocked that the senator took a bribe. 3 integrity – noun

10 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT “A need to see the final episode in your favorite soap opera,” said the teacher, “is not a legitimate excuse for missing class.” Any company that guarantees to make all investors millionaires can’t possibly be legitimate. 4 legitimate Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Legitimate means A. safe. B. legal. C. healthy. – adjective

11 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT “A need to see the final episode in your favorite soap opera,” said the teacher, “is not a legitimate excuse for missing class.” Any company that guarantees to make all investors millionaires can’t possibly be legitimate. Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Legitimate means A. safe. B. legal. C. healthy. A need to see the final episode of a favorite soap opera is not a legal excuse for missing class. A company that guarantees to make all investors millionaires must be doing things that are not legal. 4 legitimate – adjective

12 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Lenient means A. heartless. B. easygoing. C. honest. 5 lenient – adjective Ms. Hall is very lenient about late papers. If you hand one in even a week late, she doesn’t lower your grade. Mom wouldn’t let us feed our poodle during dinner. But Dad, who was more lenient, would look the other way when we slipped the dog something under the table.

13 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Lenient means A. heartless. B. easygoing. C. honest. A teacher who doesn’t lower your grade for handing a paper in a week late must be easygoing. If Dad looked the other way when the children fed the dog at the table, he was more easygoing than Mom. Ms. Hall is very lenient about late papers. If you hand one in even a week late, she doesn’t lower your grade. Mom wouldn’t let us feed our poodle during dinner. But Dad, who was more lenient, would look the other way when we slipped the dog something under the table. 5 lenient – adjective

14 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Menace means A. a puzzle. B. something noticeable. C. a danger. Acid rain is the biggest menace to the survival of freshwater fish. Ron’s impatient attitude and his fast, zigzag driving make him a menace on the road. 6 menace – noun

15 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Menace means A. a puzzle. B. something noticeable. C. a danger. Acid rain is the biggest menace to the survival of freshwater fish. Ron’s impatient attitude and his fast, zigzag driving make him a menace on the road. Because acid rain threatens the survival of fresh water fish, it is a danger to them. If Ron is impatient and drives erratically, he is a danger on the road. 6 menace – noun

16 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Morale means A. spirit. B. pay. C. sense of right and wrong. Art class was good for Tyrone’s morale. Each time the teacher praised his drawings, his confidence and enthusiasm increased. The workers’ morale was so low that they constantly complained about the job. The only good part of the day was quitting time. 7 morale – noun “Does that really help boost your morale?”

17 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Morale means A. spirit. B. pay. C. sense of right and wrong. Art class was good for Tyrone’s morale. Each time the teacher praised his drawings, his confidence and enthusiasm increased. The workers’ morale was so low that they constantly complained about the job. The only good part of the day was quitting time. Being praised would be good for Tyrone’s spirit. If the workers constantly complain, their spirit must be low. 7 morale – noun “Does that really help boost your morale?”

18 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Naive means A. lacking experience. B. generous. C. questioning. Though young, Rhoda is not naive. Being on her own for so long has made her streetwise. Having had little experience with salespeople, my younger sister is so naive that she believes everything they tell her. 8 naive – adjective

19 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Naive means A. lacking experience. B. generous. C. questioning. Though young, Rhoda is not naive. Being on her own for so long has made her streetwise. Having had little experience with salespeople, my younger sister is so naive that she believes everything they tell her. If Rhoda has been on her own a long time and is streetwise, she is not lacking experience. Someone who believes everything salespeople say is lacking experience. The words little experience are a clue. 8 naive – adjective

20 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Overt means A. obvious. B. fair. C. harmful. 9 overt – adjective Sometimes overt racism is easier to deal with than the hidden kind. You can better fight what is out in the open. Maya’s love of reading was overt—books spilled over the shelves in every room of her apartment.

21 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Overt means A. obvious. B. fair. C. harmful. Racism that is out in the open is obvious. If books spill over the shelves in every room, Maya’s love of reading is obvious. Sometimes overt racism is easier to deal with than the hidden kind. You can better fight what is out in the open. Maya’s love of reading was overt—books spilled over the shelves in every room of her apartment. 9 overt – adjective

22 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Undermine means A. to reach. B. to explore. C. to weaken. 10 undermine Leroy tried to undermine the coach’s authority by making jokes about him behind his back. Numerous floods had undermined the foundation so greatly that the house was no longer safe. – verb

23 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Undermine means A. to reach. B. to explore. C. to weaken. Leroy tried to undermine the coach’s authority by making jokes about him behind his back. Numerous floods had undermined the foundation so greatly that the house was no longer safe. Making jokes behind the coach’s back could weaken his authority. If the house is no longer safe, the floods must have weakened the foundation. 10 undermine – verb

24 Unit One: Chapter 3 Matching Words with Definitions 1. impartial6. undermine 2. menace7. overt 3. legitimate8. lenient 4. morale9. naive 5. delete10. integrity

25 INDEPENDENT WORK 1.Use the Vocabulary handout for Chapter Three from yesterday 2.Complete Sentence Check One ONLY. 3.Fold your paper in half and wait for everyone to finish.

26 Sentence Check One 1.impartial 2.undermine 3.menace 4.morale 5.legitimate 6.naive 7.delete 8.overt 9.lenient 10. integrity

27 SENTENCE CHECK 1 Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. deleteB. impartialC. integrity D. legitimateE. lenient F. menaceG. moraleH. naive I. overtJ. undermine 1.When my brother and I argued, my mother remained __________. She didn’t want to favor either of us. 2.Alison’s repeated criticisms __________ her sister’s self- confidence.

28 1.When my brother and I argued, my mother remained __________. She didn’t want to favor either of us. SENTENCE CHECK 1 Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. deleteB. impartialC. integrity D. legitimateE. lenient F. menaceG. moraleH. naive I. overtJ. undermine impartial undermine If the mother did not favor either child, she was not biased. Repeated criticisms would weaken a person’s self-confidence over time.

29 SENTENCE CHECK 1 Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. deleteB. impartialC. integrity D. legitimateE. lenient F. menaceG. moraleH. naive I. overtJ. undermine 3.Drugs have become a terrible __________ to the well- being of America’s children. 4.The team’s __________ was high—the players were in good spirits and thought they would win the game. 5.Although advertising by doctors and lawyers was once considered improper, it is now __________.

30 4.The team’s __________ was high—the players were in good spirits and thought they would win the game. SENTENCE CHECK 1 5.Although advertising by doctors and lawyers was once considered improper, it is now __________. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. deleteB. impartialC. integrity D. legitimateE. lenient F. menaceG. moraleH. naive I. overtJ. undermine menace morale legitimate Drugs are a threat to the well-being of the children. If the players are in good spirits and think they will win, the team’s spirit is high. The advertising that was once considered improper is now in accordance with accepted standards for doctors and lawyers. The word improper is a clue. 3.Drugs have become a terrible __________ to the well- being of America’s children.

31 SENTENCE CHECK 1 6.Mrs. Dean’s dislike for the mayor was __________. She stood right up in front of the crowd and called him a two- faced liar. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. deleteB. impartialC. integrity D. legitimateE. lenient F. menaceG. moraleH. naive I. overtJ. undermine 7.Fast-food restaurants are being urged to __________ high-fat foods from their menus and replace them with healthier choices.

32 6.Mrs. Dean’s dislike for the mayor was __________. She stood right up in front of the crowd and called him a two- faced liar. SENTENCE CHECK 1 Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. deleteB. impartialC. integrity D. legitimateE. lenient F. menaceG. moraleH. naive I. overtJ. undermine If she calls the mayor a liar in front of a crowd, her dislike is not hidden. In order to replace the high-fat foods, the restaurants would have to remove them from their menus. delete overt 7.Fast-food restaurants are being urged to __________ high-fat foods from their menus and replace them with healthier choices.

33 9.“The boss is __________ the first time an employee makes a mistake,” Sherry’s coworker warned, “but he’s very strict the second time.” 10.Mark Twain once joked that he had even more __________ than George Washington. “Washington could not lie,” he said. “I can, but I won’t.” SENTENCE CHECK 1 Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. deleteB. impartialC. integrity D. legitimateE. lenient F. menaceG. moraleH. naive I. overtJ. undermine 8.My father is so __________ about business deals that he has been tricked by cheaters more than once.

34 9.“The boss is __________ the first time an employee makes a mistake,” Sherry’s coworker warned, “but he’s very strict the second time.” 8.My father is so __________ about business deals that he has been tricked by cheaters more than once. 10.Mark Twain once joked that he had even more __________ than George Washington. “Washington could not lie,” he said. “I can, but I won’t.” SENTENCE CHECK 1 Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. deleteB. impartialC. integrity D. legitimateE. lenient F. menaceG. moraleH. naive I. overtJ. undermine naive lenient integrity Someone who has been tricked more than once must be unsophisticated about business deals. In contrast with being strict the second time, he is not strict the first time. Someone who cannot (or will not) tell a lie has a strong moral sense.

35 INDEPENDENT WORK 1.Use the Vocabulary handout for Chapter Three from previous days. 2.Complete Sentence Check Two ONLY. 3.Fold your paper in half and wait for everyone to finish.

36 Sentence Check Two 1.Overt 2.Naïve 3.Morale 4.Legitimate 5.Integrity 6.Delete 7.Menace 8.Undermine 9.Impartial 10. Lenient


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