Presentation on theme: "What is Applied Kinesiology zKinesiology yScience of movement yWhat Physical Education is called today zApplied Kinesiology yChiropractic Technique yOther."— Presentation transcript:
What is Applied Kinesiology zKinesiology yScience of movement yWhat Physical Education is called today zApplied Kinesiology yChiropractic Technique yOther Practitioners
Foundational AK Skills - I Muscle Testing Challenge Therapy Localization 5 Factors of the IVF
Muscle Testing zBasis of all other skills zIf you cannot properly muscle test, all other skills are of no value zMuscle Testing according to a PRECISE PROTOCOL -ICAK Position Statement
What is muscle testing? zAtrophy vs. Functional Neurology zKendall and Kendall yPhysical Therapists yPolio yMaximum isolation of individual muscle
zKendall and McCreary yMuscles, testing and function y 1949 yOnly in third edition
Two Kinds of Muscle Testing z“Orthopedic” muscle testing yMUST test to FAILURE yMAY test BILATERALLY yAtrophy z“Reflex” muscle testing yOnly testing for a “LOCK” yVery little force yAK Muscle Testing
AK Muscle Testing z“Coordination” of the muscular system zInhibition / Facilitation
“Weak” vs. “Strong” zPoor Terminology zInhibition vs. Facilitation zTherefore...
Muscle Testing is: zA window into the nervous system’s current state of control of the coordination of the musculoskeletal system.
How Do I Muscle Test? zProper body part placement
How Do I Muscle Test? zPull or push with GRADUALLY INCREASING force zPatient can feel force and resist
Additional Considerations zConsistent Timing zLine of Drive - Visualize! zPain zCrossing a Joint zLeverage zGRADUAL INCREASE IN PRESSURE SO PATIENT CAN FEEL IT & RESIST
Indicator Vs. Associated Muscles zINDICATOR y“STRONG IN THE CLEAR” yA normal muscle used to indicate the presence of a problem by testing “weak” when some challenge mechanism is applied to the body. zASSOCIATED y“WEAK IN THE CLEAR” yA muscle that is weak due to some unknown dysfunction. y“ASSOCIATED” to an unknown dysfunction
Challenge zA testing procedure to determine the effect of some input, either physical, chemical or mental, on the function of a muscle.
Characteristics of Challenge zBased on the idea that the body: yshould be able to accept a stimulus without disruption of the nervous system’s coordination of the muscular system zUsually done by the Doctor yException; Deep breath to move cranium zWhen used to find a listing, yUse an INDICATOR muscle - For precise vector
Challenge to find a listing, zUse an INDICATOR muscle - For precise vector zAssociated muscle will “completely” strengthen yEven if vector is just “in the ball park” zIndicator muscle will: y“Partially” weaken if “in the ball park” y“Completely” weaken if the vector is precise!
Spinal Vs. Extremity Challenge zSPINAL yREBOUND CHALLENGE yAdjust into weakness zEXTREMITY yDIRECT CHALLENGE yAdjust into strength
Therapy Localization zSecond Skill zGeorge Goodheart, D.C. zNot well understood zIt’s an “energy” thing
“I wish that all chiropractors could take in this basic principle of our science - that too much or not enough energy is disease.” - D.D. Palmer, 1910
TL Example zPatient has an inappropriately inhibited Pectoralis Major Sternal when Dr. does muscle test zPatient then puts their fingers on the acupuncture Alarm Point for the liver meridian zDr. re-tests PMS muscle and finds it to be “strong”
Interpretation zStep 1: Brain is inappropriately coordinating PMS muscle zStep 2&3: Imbalance of the liver meridian’s energy is at least partly responsible for brain’s inappropriate coordination of PMS
TL’s Limitation zIt is called therapy LOCALIZATION zIt tells you WHERE the problem is LOCATED zNOT what the problem IS!!!
Characteristics of TL zPatient’s fingers zElectromagnetic zWhat muscle can be used? yAssociated yIndicator
Special Considerations of Therapy Localization zWhat if patient cannot reach area? yChallenge zCan the doctor TL? zHindrances to TL yDehydration yThick clothes ySynthetic fabrics???
Therapy Localization and Muscle Testing zPatients must not touch their bodies! zCan doctors touch patient’s bodies? yTL? yTechnique
Is this muscle a good muscle to use as an indicator? z“Muscle testing is inconsistent.” zMuscle Spindle Cells zGolgi Tendon Organs
Autogenic Inhibition zWe can manipulate MSC’s & GTO’s zStretch ‘em to Strengthen zCrunch ‘em to Weaken zTherefore:
Is this muscle a good muscle to use as an indicator? zIf it does not inhibit normally (autogenic inhibition), zIt will not inhibit when a problem is challenged or TL’ed!! zAlways check this before using a muscle as an indicator.