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What is Applied Kinesiology zKinesiology yScience of movement yWhat Physical Education is called today zApplied Kinesiology yChiropractic Technique yOther.

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Presentation on theme: "What is Applied Kinesiology zKinesiology yScience of movement yWhat Physical Education is called today zApplied Kinesiology yChiropractic Technique yOther."— Presentation transcript:

1 What is Applied Kinesiology zKinesiology yScience of movement yWhat Physical Education is called today zApplied Kinesiology yChiropractic Technique yOther Practitioners

2 Foundational AK Skills - I Muscle Testing Challenge Therapy Localization 5 Factors of the IVF

3 Muscle Testing zBasis of all other skills zIf you cannot properly muscle test, all other skills are of no value zMuscle Testing according to a PRECISE PROTOCOL -ICAK Position Statement

4 What is muscle testing? zAtrophy vs. Functional Neurology zKendall and Kendall yPhysical Therapists yPolio yMaximum isolation of individual muscle

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6 zKendall and McCreary yMuscles, testing and function y 1949 yOnly in third edition

7 Two Kinds of Muscle Testing z“Orthopedic” muscle testing yMUST test to FAILURE yMAY test BILATERALLY yAtrophy z“Reflex” muscle testing yOnly testing for a “LOCK” yVery little force yAK Muscle Testing

8 AK Muscle Testing z“Coordination” of the muscular system zInhibition / Facilitation

9 “Weak” vs. “Strong” zPoor Terminology zInhibition vs. Facilitation zTherefore...

10 Muscle Testing is: zA window into the nervous system’s current state of control of the coordination of the musculoskeletal system.

11 How Do I Muscle Test? zProper body part placement

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14 How Do I Muscle Test? zProper body part placement zProper stabilization

15 Latisimus Dorsi

16 How Do I Muscle Test? zProper body part placement zProper stabilization zProper line of drive

17 Latisimus Dorsi

18 Visualize the Muscle! zVisualize the muscle!! zDo NOT just memorize the muscle test zTo summarize this slide; zVISUALIZE THE MUSCLE!!!

19 Latisimus Dorsi

20 Supraspinatus

21 Serratus Anterior

22 Middle Deltoid

23 Anterior Deltoid

24 Posterior Deltoid

25 Subscapularis

26 Infraspinatus

27 Teres Minor

28 Rhomboid

29 Levator Scapula

30 How Do I Muscle Test? zPull or push with GRADUALLY INCREASING force zPatient can feel force and resist

31 Additional Considerations zConsistent Timing zLine of Drive - Visualize! zPain zCrossing a Joint zLeverage zGRADUAL INCREASE IN PRESSURE SO PATIENT CAN FEEL IT & RESIST

32 Indicator Vs. Associated Muscles zINDICATOR y“STRONG IN THE CLEAR” yA normal muscle used to indicate the presence of a problem by testing “weak” when some challenge mechanism is applied to the body. zASSOCIATED y“WEAK IN THE CLEAR” yA muscle that is weak due to some unknown dysfunction. y“ASSOCIATED” to an unknown dysfunction

33 Challenge zA testing procedure to determine the effect of some input, either physical, chemical or mental, on the function of a muscle.

34 Characteristics of Challenge zBased on the idea that the body: yshould be able to accept a stimulus without disruption of the nervous system’s coordination of the muscular system zUsually done by the Doctor yException; Deep breath to move cranium zWhen used to find a listing, yUse an INDICATOR muscle - For precise vector

35 Challenge to find a listing, zUse an INDICATOR muscle - For precise vector zAssociated muscle will “completely” strengthen yEven if vector is just “in the ball park” zIndicator muscle will: y“Partially” weaken if “in the ball park” y“Completely” weaken if the vector is precise!

36 Spinal Vs. Extremity Challenge zSPINAL yREBOUND CHALLENGE yAdjust into weakness zEXTREMITY yDIRECT CHALLENGE yAdjust into strength

37 Therapy Localization zSecond Skill zGeorge Goodheart, D.C. zNot well understood zIt’s an “energy” thing

38 “I wish that all chiropractors could take in this basic principle of our science - that too much or not enough energy is disease.” - D.D. Palmer, 1910

39 TL Example zPatient has an inappropriately inhibited Pectoralis Major Sternal when Dr. does muscle test zPatient then puts their fingers on the acupuncture Alarm Point for the liver meridian zDr. re-tests PMS muscle and finds it to be “strong”

40 Interpretation zStep 1: Brain is inappropriately coordinating PMS muscle zStep 2&3: Imbalance of the liver meridian’s energy is at least partly responsible for brain’s inappropriate coordination of PMS

41 TL’s Limitation zIt is called therapy LOCALIZATION zIt tells you WHERE the problem is LOCATED zNOT what the problem IS!!!

42 Characteristics of TL zPatient’s fingers zElectromagnetic zWhat muscle can be used? yAssociated yIndicator

43 Special Considerations of Therapy Localization zWhat if patient cannot reach area? yChallenge zCan the doctor TL? zHindrances to TL yDehydration yThick clothes ySynthetic fabrics???

44 Therapy Localization and Muscle Testing zPatients must not touch their bodies! zCan doctors touch patient’s bodies? yTL? yTechnique

45 Is this muscle a good muscle to use as an indicator? z“Muscle testing is inconsistent.” zMuscle Spindle Cells zGolgi Tendon Organs

46 Autogenic Inhibition zWe can manipulate MSC’s & GTO’s zStretch ‘em to Strengthen zCrunch ‘em to Weaken zTherefore:

47 Is this muscle a good muscle to use as an indicator? zIf it does not inhibit normally (autogenic inhibition), zIt will not inhibit when a problem is challenged or TL’ed!! zAlways check this before using a muscle as an indicator.

48 Structural Balance zMuscles move bones!

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50 Structural Balance zMuscle Spasm zAntagonistic Weakness

51 AK Approach to Subluxation zMuscle Imbalance

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