Presentation on theme: "Nutrition and Stress Chapter 27. “Fortunately or unfortunately, we live in a world that tempts us with a great variety and abundance of food, and many."— Presentation transcript:
Nutrition and Stress Chapter 27
“Fortunately or unfortunately, we live in a world that tempts us with a great variety and abundance of food, and many of us eat not to satisfy physical hunger, but to allay anxiety, depression, and boredom, to provide a substitute for emotional nourishment, or to try to fill an inner void.” —Andy Weil, M.D.
Nutrition and Stress First and foremost, food is a pacifier People eat to calm their emotions (fear and/or anger)
Nutritional Recommendations Nutritionists recommend that you follow guidelines regarding: –adequacy (of essential nutrients) –moderation (limited sugar, fat, and salt) –balance (of nutrients), caloric control, and variety
Six Essential Nutrients Carbohydrates Fats Proteins Vitamins Minerals Water
A Malnourished Diet A malnourished diet—one that is deficient of essential amino acids, essential fats, vitamins, and minerals— is itself a stressor on the body.
Poor Nutrition and Stress Research has shown that some foods actually induce a state of stress. Excess amounts of sugar, caffeine, salt, bleached flour, and foods poor in vitamins and minerals weaken the body’s resistance to the stress response.
Additional Stress and Nutritional Factors A high-fat diet suppresses the immune system Excess simple sugars deplete vitamin stores, particularly B-complex Caffeine triggers sympathetic nervous system Chronic stress depletes vitamins B & C
Additional Stress and Nutritional Factors (continued) High sodium may raise blood pressure Excessive alcohol consumption is thought to suppress the immune system Hydrogenated and partially hydro- genated foods = trans fatty acids, leading to free radical damage to cells
Nutritional Needs of Women Women should pay specific attention to their nutritional needs regarding the relationship between food substances and: – breast soreness – breast cancer – cervical cancer – colorectal cancer – premenstrual problems – osteoporosis
Eating Disorders Anorexia Bulimia Overeating
Nutrition and the Immune System Food can either enhance or suppress the immune system. Most foods today are laden with toxic chemicals that tax the immune system. Stress only compounds the problem. If you are susceptible to disease or illness, or have a disease or illness follow the advice of Hippocrates: –“Let food be your medicine and let medicine be your food.”
Nutrition and the Immune System I Consume bountiful antioxidants Consume healthy amounts of fiber Drink adequate amounts of clean filtered water Consume adequate amounts of protein Decrease processed foods and junk food Decrease the synthetic pesticides, herbicides, fungicides, and fertilizers in food
Nutrition and the Immune System II Decrease antibiotics and hormones in food Consume a healthy balance of omega 3’s & 6’s Decrease the consumption of saturated fats Eliminate consumption of trans fatty acids Consume healthy amounts of bioflavinoids Consume healthy foods with pH balance
Nutrition and the Immune System III Replace nutrients depleted from stress Decrease consumption of processed sugars Eliminate aspartame and MSG (excitotoxins) Prepare food in the best way possible (e.g., steam veggies instead of microwaving them) Consume organic foods whenever possible Avoid all GMOs (frankenfoods) Use herbal therapies that boost the immune system
Recapping the Stress-Nutrition- Disease Domino Effect Stress can deplete the body of much needed essential nutrients Good eating habits are nonexistent when people are stressed (nutrients are not replaced!) Some foods/beverages act as gasoline on the fires of stress Additives, preservatives, synthetic chemicals tax the immune system The body’s immune system is ill prepared to combat invading forces Acute and or chronic illness occurs in a vacuum of a poor immune system.
Study Guide Questions 1. How does stress affect one’s eating habits? 2. How does stress affect digestion, absorption, and elimination? 3. How does stress affect the body’s use of nutrients? 4. What foods are known to trigger the stress response?
Study Guide Questions (continued) 5. List three recommendations for healthy nutrition. 6. List five recommendations to boost your immune system through good nutritional practices. 7. How do herbs help promote homeostasis?