2Revolutions Standard 10.2.5 European Nationalism from Napoleon until the Revolutions of 1848 Standard Objective – Discuss how nationalism spread across Europe with Napoleon but was repressed for a generation under the Congress of Vienna and Concert of Europe until the Revolutions of 1848.
3VocabularyCongress: an assembly/conferenceConcert: mutual agreement
4NapoleonAfter Napoleon Bonaparte seized control of France in 1799, he went on to expand his power across the continent.Nationalism
5Napoleon By 1815 however, Napoleon’s empire would be in ruins. NationalismNapoleonBy 1815 however, Napoleon’s empire would be in ruins.The survival of Great Britain & nationalism are the main reasons for the quick collapse of Napoleon’s empire.
6You Must Remember This!Question – What were the two main reasons why Napoleon was defeated?Answer – The two main reasons Napoleon was defeated were the survival of Great Britain & the force of Nationalism.
7NapoleonAlso, many of the lands Napoleon conquered rumbled with nationalism –loyalty to their own nations & people above all.Nationalism
8Napoleon The French spread & aroused nationalism in two ways: French were hated as oppressors;French nationalism- French were proud of their success!
9You Must Remember This!Question – How did the French help spread nationalism?Answer – The French would help spread nationalism because they were hated as oppressors and they showed what a nation in arms could do.
10Congress of ViennaWhat & Why: A series of international meetings to secure peace across Europe after Napoleon’s defeatNationalism
11You Must Remember This!Question –What was the main goal of the Congress of Vienna?Answer – The main goal of the Congress of Vienna was to secure peace across Europe.
12Congress of Vienna Who: King Frederick William of Prussia Czar Alexander I of RussiaEmperor Francis I of Austriaforeign ministers of Britain and France.Nationalism
13Congress of ViennaCountries around France were made stronger to weaken France and provide a balance of power across Europe.A balance of military & political power could keep one country from dominating Europe.Nationalism
14Congress of ViennaMonarchies that had been dethroned under Napoleon were restored and their legitimacy – hereditary right to rule – was proclaimed in France & elsewhere.Metternich believed this would help bring peace & stability back to Europe.Nationalism
15You Must Remember This!Question – What were the three major accomplishments/goals of Metternich at the Congress of Vienna?Answer – The three major accomplishments of Metternich at the Congress of Vienna were France was weakened, a balance of power was created, and monarchs were restored to power.
16Concert of Europe,What & Why: An international alliance that met when peacekeeping issues aroseNationalism
17Concert of EuropeWho: the “Holy Alliance” leaders of Russia, Austria, & Prussia, led by Klemens von MetternichRoyal rulers promised to help each other in the event of revolution.
18Concert of EuropeMost of the great powers eventually adopted the principle of intervention: countries had a right to intervene where revolutions were threatening monarchies.Austria, Prussia, Russia, & France did crush revolutions & restore monarchies. (vid. Start at 9:30).
19NationalismNationalism has been one of the driving forces of modern historyNationalism
20Standard SummaryThe Congress of Vienna was able to create a balance of power in Europe by surrounding France with strong countries.After Napoleon’s defeat, former royalty were returned to power in most of Europe, primarily as a result of the Congress of Vienna.Nationalism was held back by monarchies & aristocratic rule until the Revolutions of 1848.Required readings: ,