2 Revolutions Standard 10.2.5 European Nationalism from Napoleon until the Revolutions of 1848 Standard Objective – Discuss how nationalism spread across Europe with Napoleon but was repressed for a generation under the Congress of Vienna and Concert of Europe until the Revolutions of 1848.
3 VocabularyCongress: an assembly/conferenceConcert: mutual agreement
4 NapoleonAfter Napoleon Bonaparte seized control of France in 1799, he went on to expand his power across the continent.Nationalism
5 Napoleon By 1815 however, Napoleon’s empire would be in ruins. NationalismNapoleonBy 1815 however, Napoleon’s empire would be in ruins.The survival of Great Britain & nationalism are the main reasons for the quick collapse of Napoleon’s empire.
6 You Must Remember This!Question – What were the two main reasons why Napoleon was defeated?Answer – The two main reasons Napoleon was defeated were the survival of Great Britain & the force of Nationalism.
7 NapoleonAlso, many of the lands Napoleon conquered rumbled with nationalism –loyalty to their own nations & people above all.Nationalism
8 Napoleon The French spread & aroused nationalism in two ways: French were hated as oppressors;French nationalism- French were proud of their success!
9 You Must Remember This!Question – How did the French help spread nationalism?Answer – The French would help spread nationalism because they were hated as oppressors and they showed what a nation in arms could do.
10 Congress of ViennaWhat & Why: A series of international meetings to secure peace across Europe after Napoleon’s defeatNationalism
11 You Must Remember This!Question –What was the main goal of the Congress of Vienna?Answer – The main goal of the Congress of Vienna was to secure peace across Europe.
12 Congress of Vienna Who: King Frederick William of Prussia Czar Alexander I of RussiaEmperor Francis I of Austriaforeign ministers of Britain and France.Nationalism
13 Congress of ViennaCountries around France were made stronger to weaken France and provide a balance of power across Europe.A balance of military & political power could keep one country from dominating Europe.Nationalism
14 Congress of ViennaMonarchies that had been dethroned under Napoleon were restored and their legitimacy – hereditary right to rule – was proclaimed in France & elsewhere.Metternich believed this would help bring peace & stability back to Europe.Nationalism
15 You Must Remember This!Question – What were the three major accomplishments/goals of Metternich at the Congress of Vienna?Answer – The three major accomplishments of Metternich at the Congress of Vienna were France was weakened, a balance of power was created, and monarchs were restored to power.
16 Concert of Europe,What & Why: An international alliance that met when peacekeeping issues aroseNationalism
17 Concert of EuropeWho: the “Holy Alliance” leaders of Russia, Austria, & Prussia, led by Klemens von MetternichRoyal rulers promised to help each other in the event of revolution.
18 Concert of EuropeMost of the great powers eventually adopted the principle of intervention: countries had a right to intervene where revolutions were threatening monarchies.Austria, Prussia, Russia, & France did crush revolutions & restore monarchies. (vid. Start at 9:30).
19 NationalismNationalism has been one of the driving forces of modern historyNationalism
20 Standard SummaryThe Congress of Vienna was able to create a balance of power in Europe by surrounding France with strong countries.After Napoleon’s defeat, former royalty were returned to power in most of Europe, primarily as a result of the Congress of Vienna.Nationalism was held back by monarchies & aristocratic rule until the Revolutions of 1848.Required readings: ,