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Wilson Fights for Peace

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Presentation on theme: "Wilson Fights for Peace"— Presentation transcript:

1 Wilson Fights for Peace
Chapter 11 Section 4

2 Wilson’s 14 Points 1. No secret treaties 2. Freedom of the seas
3. Tariffs lowered or abolished 4. Decrease in armaments 5. Colonial policies should take into account the interests of the colonized

3 Points 6-13 6-13: Deal with specific boundary changes

4 Point 14 14. Created the League of Nations

5 Allies Reject the Points
France: wanted to weaken Germany to prevent another attack and keep their military strong to defend themselves Great Britain: Prime Minister won election with slogan “Make Germany Pay” Italy: Wanted control of Austrian territory

6 A Strange Peace Conference
No Central Powers invited Russia and other allies not invited Big Four Wilson: U.S. Clemenceau: France Lloyd George: Great Britain Orlando: Italy

7 The Treaty of Versailles
Signed June 28, 1919 Established nine new nations Gave France and Great Britain mandates in the Middle East Demilitarized Germany Alsace-Lorraine returned to France $33 Billion in reparations War guilt clause

8 Weaknesses of the Treaty
1. Humiliated Germany Germany couldn’t pay reparations 2. Russians felt ignored Lost more territory than Germany 3. Colonial issues dealt with poorly Germany stripped of colonies it needed to pay reparations Ignored calls for independence from Southeast Asia

9 Opposition to the Treaty
Hoover and others felt it was too harsh Some saw it as a sell out to imperialism Ethnic groups upset over new boundaries

10 The League of Nations Many felt it would draw U.S. into further war
Senate wanted to weaken it, but Wilson would not back down Senate refused to ratify Treaty of Versailles U.S. signed a separate peace in 1921, never joined the League

11 Pershing’s Fears Most Germans did not know they had been defeated
Germans shocked by Armistice and angered by the Treaty Believed war would have to be fought again

12 Rise of Hitler German Economy destroyed Looking for scapegoats
Hitler blamed Jews and socialists in the Weimar Republic Rose to power in 1933

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