Presentation on theme: "WHAT PARENTS NEED TO KNOW"— Presentation transcript:
1WHAT PARENTS NEED TO KNOW HEAD LICEWHAT PARENTSNEED TO KNOW
2HEAD LICECan be found on the head, eyebrows, and eyelashes of peopleFeed on human blood several times a day and live close to the human scalpAccording to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) They Do Not Cause Disease. They are Just a Nuisance!
3*Head lice are found worldwide Who can get Head Lice?*Head lice are found worldwide*Most common in preschool-elementaryschool aged children and their families*6 million-12 million infestations each year in the United States!
4How Do Lice Spread? HEAD LICE CRAWL “THEY CAN NOT HOP OR FLY” Spread by direct head to head contactwith a person who is infected* Sharing clothing such as hats, scarves,coats or other personnel items such ascombs, brushes, or towels, used by aninfested person
5What do Head Lice Look Like Life Cycle1. Lice eggs (nits)2. Nymph(matures into adult AdultIn 9-12 days afterhatching)
6Signs and Symptoms of Lice Tickling feeling of something moving in the hairConstant itching, caused by allergic reaction to the bitesSores on the head caused by scratchingIrritability and difficulty sleeping because head lice are most active in the dark. So kids are uncomfortable and itchy
7Diagnosing Lice Infestation Finding a live nymph or louse is the best way to diagnosis a lice infestationUsing a magnifying lens and a fine-tooth comb may be helpful in finding a live louseNits are usually seen within a 1/4 inch of base of the hair shaftsIf no live lice are seen and the nits are more than a ¼ inch from the scalp, the infestation is probably old and no longer active and does not need to be treated
8Usually What You Will Find Nits attached to the hair shaft and do not brush away with your hand. They are adhered to it!
10Head Lice Treatment Talk to your doctor If you are pregnant or breastfeedingBefore treating children under the age of twoIf a person has a seizure disorderIf the skin of scalp has an infection
11TreatmentsThere are many over-the -counter products to get rid of lice. Talk to your doctor and pharmacist to see what they recommend“ALWAYS” follow the manufactures instructions for useSome products need to be repeated in 7-10 daysThis helps eliminate any remaining lice that hatched after the first treatmentBE A NIT PICKER! Look and remove all visible nits with your fingernails or nit comb. Check daily they are easy to miss(picture of nit comb)Pic(
12What To Do at Home?Although lice do not live long off a host (48 hours) it is recommended that sheets and bedding be washClothing worn in the past 48 hours should be washed in hot water and dried on high temperaturePlush toys and other items can be placed in the drier for 30 minutes on medium-high setting
13Fun Facts About Head Lice Head lice can survive 6 hours under water so frequent washing will not get rid of or prevent lice infestations.The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) states a child can remain in school if lice are found until the end of the day avoiding head to head contact.The AAP states there is no need for lice screenings at school and children do not need to be nit free to return to school after treatment.
14The BEST DEFENSE AGAINST HEAD LICE IS YOUInspect your child’s hair and scalp regularly so you can catch an infestation early
15Helpful Resources * The Center for Disease Control and Prevention * National Pediculosis AssociationHeadlice.org* Kidshealth .org