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Important Insect Plant Pests and their Hosts in Florida Kirk W. Martin CBSP USDA-National Needs Fellow Graduate Student-University of Florida Plant Medicine.

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Presentation on theme: "Important Insect Plant Pests and their Hosts in Florida Kirk W. Martin CBSP USDA-National Needs Fellow Graduate Student-University of Florida Plant Medicine."— Presentation transcript:

1 Important Insect Plant Pests and their Hosts in Florida Kirk W. Martin CBSP USDA-National Needs Fellow Graduate Student-University of Florida Plant Medicine Program and IPM Apprentice-IPM Florida Denise D. Thomas D.P.M. University of Florida Plant Medicine Program and IPM Florida

2 Red Imported Fire Ant - Solenopsis invicta Animal, Nuisance, Vegetable & Field Crop Pest AdultLarvaEgg 2-6 mmFour instars Up to 2 mm 0.2 mm x 0.3 mm

3 Fall Webworm - Hyphantria cunea Tree Pest AdultLarvaEgg mm (Wingspan) mm

4 Oleander Caterpillar - Syntomeida epilais Ornamental Pest AdultLarvaEgg mmUp to 40 mm< 1 mm

5 Palm Leafskeletonizer - Homaledra sabalella Tree Pest AdultLarvaEgg 16 mmUp to 16 mm

6 Citrus Leafminer - Phyllocnistis citrella Fruit Pest AdultLarvaEgg 2 mm (Resting) 4 mm (Wingspan) Up to 3 mm

7 Bean Leafroller - Urbanus proteus Vegetable Pest AdultLarvaEgg 50 mm (Wingspan) Five instars 2-30 mm 1.0 x 0.8 mm

8 Eastern Tent Caterpillar - Malacosoma americanum Tree Pest AdultLarvaEgg mm (Wingspan) mm

9 Forest Tent Caterpillar - Malacosoma disstria Tree Pest AdultLarvaEgg mm50-64 mm

10 Tussock Moth - Orgyia detrita Tree Pest AdultLarvaEgg mm (Wingspan males) mm (Wingless females) mm

11 Tussock Moth - Orgyia leucostigma Tree Pest AdultLarvaEgg mm (Wingspan males) mm long (Wingless females) 32 mm

12 Armyworm - Pseudaletia unipuncta Field Crop & Vegetable Pest AdultLarvaEgg 4 cmUp to 3.5 cm0.5 mm

13 Granulate Cutworm - Agrotis subterranea Ornamental, Field Crop & Vegetable Pest AdultLarvaEgg mm (Wingspan) Seven instars Up to 37 mm mm

14 Southern Armyworm - Spodoptera eridania Ornamental, Field Crop & Vegetable Pest AdultLarvaEgg mm (Wingspan) Six instars Up to 35 mm 0.5 mm

15 Beet Armyworm - Spodoptera exigua Field Crop & Vegetable Pest AdultLarvaEgg mm (Wingspan) Five instars Up to 22 mm

16 Fall Armyworm - Spodoptera frugiperda Turf, Field Crop & Vegetable Pest AdultLarvaEgg mm (Wingspan) Six instars Up to 34 mm 0.4 mm

17 Yellow Striped Armyworm - Spodoptera ornithogalli Field Crop & Vegetable Pest AdultLarvaEgg mm (Wingspan) Six instars Up to 35 mm 0.5 mm

18 Corn Earworm - Helicoverpa zea Field Crop, Fruit & Ornamental Pest AdultLarvaEgg mm (Wingspan) Six instars Up to 25 mm mm

19 Velvetbean Caterpillar - Anticarsia gemmatalis Field Crop Pest AdultLarvaEgg mm (Wingspan) Six instars Up to 48 mm 1-2 mm

20 Cabbage Palm Caterpillar - Litoprosopus futilis Tree Pest AdultLarvaEgg 51 mm (Wingspan) 38 mm

21 Cabbage Looper - Trichoplusia ni Ornamental, Field Crop & Vegetable Pest AdultLarvaEgg mm (Wingspan) mm0.6 mm

22 Florida Fern Caterpillar - Callopistria floridensis Ornamental Pest AdultLarvaEgg mm (Wingspan) Four-Five instars Up to 35 mm 0.5 mm

23 Azalea Caterpillar - Datana major Ornamental Pest AdultLarvaEgg 45 mmUp to 10 mm

24 Imported Cabbageworm - Pieris rapae Vegetable Pest AdultLarvaEgg mm (Wingspan) Five instars Up to 30 mm 0.5 mm x 1.0 mm

25 Diamondback Moth - Plutella xylostella Vegetable Pest AdultLarvaEgg 6 mmFour instars Up to 11 mm 0.44 x 0.26 mm

26 Cross-striped Cabbageworm - Evergestis rimosalis Vegetable Pest AdultLarvaEgg 25 mmFour instars Up to 17 mm 1.2 mm x 0.9 mm

27 Tropical Sod Webworm - Herpetogramma phaeopteralis Turf Pest AdultLarvaEgg mm (Wingspan) Up to 25 mm

28 Lesser Cornstalk Borer - Elasmopalpus lignosellus Field Crop & Vegetable Pest AdultLarvaEgg mm (Wingspan) Six instars Up to 16 mm 0.6 x 0.4 mm

29 Melonworm - Diaphania hyalinata Vegetable Pest AdultLarvaEgg 2.5 cmFive instars Up to 16 mm 0.7 x 0.6 mm

30 Pickleworm - Diaphania nitidalis Vegetable Pest AdultLarvaEgg 3 cm (Wingspan)Five instars Up to 15 mm 0.4 mm x 0.6 mm

31 Grape Root Borer - Vitacea polistiformis Fruit Pest AdultLarvaEgg 1.9 cm (Female length) 1.5 cm (Male length) 38 mm

32 Tobacco Hornworm - Manduca sexta Vegetable & Field Crop Pest AdultLarvaEgg 10 cm (Wingspan) Five or six instars Up to 8 cm 1.5 mm

33 Many thanks to those that contributed to this project Photographs by: – Lyle Buss, UF Entomology and Nematology – Dr. Paul Choate, UF Entomology and Nematology – Dr. John Capinera, Chair, UF Entomology and Nematology – Dr. Norman Leppla, Director IPM Florida, UF Entomology and Nematology – Dr. Whitney Cranshaw, Colorado State University - Dept., Bioagricultural Sciences and Pest Management, Bugwood.org – John Folz,, Emeritus Faculty, UF Entomology and Nematology Photographs by: – Dr. Russ Ottens, University of Georgia, Bugwood.org – Tracy Conklin, UF Entomology and Nematology – Larry Williams, Okaloosa County Extension – Natasha Wright, Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, Bugwood.org – Dr. James Castner, UF Entomology and Nematology – Dr. Wayne Dixon, Florida Division of Plant Industry – USDA Forest Service, Forest Health Protection, Southern Region

34 Many thanks to those that contributed to this project – Dr. Norman Leppla, Director-IPM Florida, UF Entomology and Nematology – Dr. Jennifer Gillett-Kaufman, Associate Director IPM Florida, UF Entomology and Nematology – Lyle Buss, UF Entomology and Nematology – Joyce Merritt, Publications Specialist, IPM Florida and Plant Medicine Program – Kevyn Juneau, Research Assistant IPM Florida, UF Entomology and Nematology Contributors:

35 References Capinera, J.L., 2001 Handbook of Vegetable Pests. Academic Press: San Diego Hodges, A., Hodges, G., Buss, L., Osborne, L., 2005 Mealybugs& Mealybug Look-Alikes of the Southeastern United States Stehr, F.W Immature Insects. Volumes I and II. Kendall/Hunt Publishing Company C. Malcolm Beck and John Howard Garrett, 2005 Texas Bug Book The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly, Revised Edition. University of Texas Press: Austin, TX. Short, D.E., Simone, G.W., Dunn, R.A. (Eds.), 2001 Commercial Ornamental Nursery Scouting Manual. Department of Entomology and Nematology, Institute for Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida: Gainesville, FL.


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