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so called: “Frankfurt Way”

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1 so called: “Frankfurt Way”
Model for cooperation between Organisations and Police to drug related problems: so called: “Frankfurt Way” Frankfurt am Main Police Headquarter Frankfurt am Main Crime Narcotics Directorate - K 64 - Adickesallee 70 60322 Frankfurt am Main - Germany - Thomas Zosel Chief Detective Investigation Team Leader / Liaison Officer for Drug Services Phone: +49 (0) 69 – Fax: (0) 69 – (C) 2011 by Thomas Zosel (C) 2011 by Thomas Zosel (C) 2011 by Thomas Zosel 1 1

2 City Profile Frankfurt am Main
City Profile Frankfurt am Main Frankfurt am Main is the largest city in Hessen. Here, more than 400 banks have their headquarters, including the European Central Bank. The City has residents and 43 local municipalities. The so called "Frankfurt Resolution" was introduced as a drug policy document in 1990 at the “1st Conference of European cities in the centre of drug trafficking, as the model “Frankfurter way". Frankfurt is often described as the city that has solved its problems with the open drug scene pretty effective. 07/03/11 2 (C) 2011 by Thomas Zosel (C) 2011 by Thomas Zosel (C) 2011 by Thomas Zosel 2 2

3 Data concerning the City of Frankfurt am Main
Data concerning the City of Frankfurt am Main Inhabitants: German nat.: Foreign nat.: Employed: Unemployed: Commuters in: Commuters out: 31 fair exhibitions with more than visitors Frankfurt with ist Central Railway Station (daily average of Passengers) The „Frankfurter Kreuz“ (east – west and north – south motorway intersection) Rhein-Main-Airport (53 Mio. Passengers / largest Airport in Europe with freight of 2,2 Mio. metr.tons) Frankfurt am Main is an international Centre for traffic, commerce and banking Source: municipal office for statistics and elections, data from 2010 07/03/11 (C) 2011 by Thomas Zosel

4 Official commitment At the Frankfurt am Main police Station (Headquarter) a detained person with a drug addiction may not be taken to the detention cell or prison without prior medical treatment (the provision of methadone). This circumstance is obligatory for considering a person's sensivity to imprisonment. 07/03/11 4 (C) 2011 by Thomas Zosel (C) 2011 by Thomas Zosel (C) 2011 by Thomas Zosel 4 4

5 Treatment of drug addicts
Treatment of drug addicts Arrested person who committed a crime Drug Addiction (Questions: „Yes” or „No”) If „No” / Delivery and custody If “Yes” / Substitution by Methadone Clinic and then until Delivery and custody Transfer the person to the prison with note of drug addiction Continuation of treatment in custody (Methadone) and depending on the length of detention to participate in treatment programs 07/03/11 5 (C) 2011 by Thomas Zosel (C) 2011 by Thomas Zosel (C) 2011 by Thomas Zosel 5 5

6 Chronology 1960 → 1975 From student protests to open scenes – From “Marijuana meadow”, from abstinence orientation and police repression 1975 → 1990 Chaos all around. Conflicts and changes (liberal-restrictive), increasing problems 1989 → 1992 In the late 1980s the city experienced a dramatic increase in social depression. With misery, deaths and overdose, with 147 deaths in 1991 the city reached the limit of what it could handle. The open scene “Taunusanlage” in a city park belt, was visited by up to addicts day and night. The availability of Heroin rose and prices fell. Adapted from: Jürgen Weimer Municipal Office For Drug Policy Frankfurt am Main 07/03/11 6 (C) 2011 by Thomas Zosel (C) 2011 by Thomas Zosel (C) 2011 by Thomas Zosel 6 6

7 Working group. New guidelines. “Monday Round”
1988 → 1989 Working group. New guidelines. “Monday Round” - Living with drug addicts - 1992 Final closure of the “Taunusanlage” with enhancement of harm Reduction facilities: - Discussions of “User rooms”, counselling services - No tolerance for drug scenes - Return of people to their original place - Coordination of activities and management (Measures became a combination of prevention, treatment and harm reduction. Reducing of the repression on drug users) 07/03/11 7 (C) 2011 by Thomas Zosel (C) 2011 by Thomas Zosel (C) 2011 by Thomas Zosel 7 7

8 Installation of the Monday Round (1988) with the following person:
Installation of the Monday Round (1988) with the following person: Chair: City council (wo)man for public health Deputy Chair: Drug policy coordination office Members: Deputy police commissioner (till 2000) 2 high ranking police officers prosecutor district court prosecutor high court heads of municipal officers for: public health public order juvenile and social affairs prevention council (since 2000) state officer for school affairs 2 elected members from NGO´s vice president chamber of commerce (till 1994) 07/03/11 8 (C) 2011 by Thomas Zosel (C) 2011 by Thomas Zosel (C) 2011 by Thomas Zosel 8 8

9 Monday Round / Special Task Force
Monday Round / Special Task Force Chair: Drug Policy Coordination Office Task of the Monday Round - Target oriented sub teams tackling Conceptions or problems like: Injections facilities Crack Main station area Violence Cancellation after problem solving 07/03/11 (C) 2011 by Thomas Zosel (C) 2011 by Thomas Zosel 9

10 Installation of the Friday Round (1989) with the following person:
The practice quickly showed that solutions were solved from the Monday round at the "base" only means of connecting with people. The solutions had to be implemented at the base as quickly as possible. Therefore, the "Friday round" at the Drug Unit of the City of Frankfurt am Main set (Direct implementation of decisions at the operational level) Installation of the Friday Round (1989) with the following person: (Direct implementation of decisions at the operational level) Chair: Municipal Office for Drug Policy Members: - police directors of precincts - police directors of special forces - management of drug aid facilities - heads of sections of municipal offices for public order and juvenile and social affaires delegates from the mobile projects 07/03/11 10 (C) 2011 by Thomas Zosel (C) 2011 by Thomas Zosel (C) 2011 by Thomas Zosel 10 10

11 Development of injection facilities
Development of injection facilities Institution Date of implementation No. of slots Opening hours Drogennotdienst Elbestraße 38 Tel: +49 (0) August 1996 10 Daily 6.00 – 21.00 incl. holidays Druckraum Niddastraße 49 Tel: +49 (0) September 1995 12 Monday 17.00 – 23.00 Tuesday – Sunday 11.00 – 23.00 La Strada Mainzer Landstraße 93 Tel: +49 (0) May 1995 7 Monday, Wednesday- Friday 08.30 – 19.30 Tuesday 08.30 – 14.00 Eastside Schielestraße 26 Tel: +49 (0) December 1994 8 15.30 – 22:30 incl. Holiday (C) 2011 by Thomas Zosel

12 Frankfurt Projects in Drug Aid to Kick the Habit
Frankfurt Projects in Drug Aid to Kick the Habit Methadone Treatment - Drug aid centre Bleichstraße - Drug councelling centre Sachsenhausen - Municipal office for public health - Drug councelling centre Merianplatz - Drug councelling centre Höchst - Councelling centre for women Councelling an Therapy - “Drop-In” Councelling centre North - Drug councelling centre Bleichstrasse Schooling, Job Orientation Qualification and Employment - Centre for Education, Hermann Hesse School (140 students) - Training- and job-education centre Höchst (60 trainees) - Projekt work, technics and culture (4 trainees) - Centre for Training (12 students) - Frankfurter Workshop, Jobbörse (jobs for daily wages) - Jobs provided by drug aid providers - Park project (20 Persons) - Street sweepers (40 Persons) (C) 2011 by Thomas Zosel

13 The drug policy of the City of Frankfurt am Main
The drug policy of the City of Frankfurt am Main 4 pillar Model 1. Prevention 2. Crisis and Survival 3. Drug-free programs 4. Repression 07/03/11 13 07/03/11 (C) 2011 by Thomas Zosel (C) 2011 by Thomas Zosel (C) 2011 by Thomas Zosel 13 13

14 Division of a drug assistance facility
Division of a drug assistance facility ground level => Drug consumption room first floor => medical field second Floor => Management of the institution and facility management third Floor => Consumer café with social working fourth and fifth floor => Accommodation for drug users 07/03/11 (C) 2011 by Thomas Zosel

15 2. Harm reduction and social (re) integration
Aims 1. Prevent drug use 2. Harm reduction and social (re) integration 3. Additional support to quit drugs in order to lead to a drug-free life 4. Struggle against criminality reduction of public nuisance Target groups 1. Young persons (up to 28 years) 2. Addicts and users with problematic patterns of consumption 3. People who want to quit using drugs 4. Dealers, addicts with criminal energy and people that cause public nuisance 07/03/11 15 (C) 2011 by Thomas Zosel (C) 2011 by Thomas Zosel (C) 2011 by Thomas Zosel 15 15

16 _________________________________________________
Since 2004 police and social program “OSSIP"(Pro Aktive Sozial Work Security Work Intervention and Prevention) - For a living together in Frankfurt/M. - _________________________________________________ "In order to achieve a trouble-free coexistence between drug users and citizens, police and the office from public order in the future will strictly struggle against: - public drug use - scene formation in the street - drug dealing - disturbances and - dirt 07/03/11 16 (C) 2011 by Thomas Zosel (C) 2011 by Thomas Zosel (C) 2011 by Thomas Zosel 16 16

17 Development of drug-related deaths 1991 - 2010
Development of drug-related deaths Frankfurt am Main 1991 147 1992 127 1993 68 1994 61 1995 47 1996 31 1997 22 1998 35 1999 26 2000 30 2001 36 2002 28 2003 21 2004 2005 24 2006 2007 44 2008 33 2009 2010 2011 This year up to 5 Source: Drug Policy Coordination Office of Frankfurt am Main and Police Headquarter, Data from 2011 (C) 2011 by Thomas Zosel

18 Implementation of Police drug warning system (2010)
Implementation of Police drug warning system (2010) (Goal: minimizing deaths and analyzing in order to come up with warnings of available drugs) Monitoring of drug quality on the scene with consequences: - Seizure of questionable drugs - Toxicological Analysis of drugs - Feedback on the quality to the facilities and drug users - Notice to paramedics and rescue personnel to be able to offer specific treatment 07/03/11 18 (C) 2011 by Thomas Zosel (C) 2011 by Thomas Zosel (C) 2011 by Thomas Zosel 18 18

19 Thank you for your Attention !!!!
For the Drug Division (K 64) it´s very important: “It's not the question "when " a person comes into contact with drugs, but what reaction does this person show when drugs are offered to him. The challenge is to make people "strong" and to aggressively elucidate people about drugs. People's rationality must prevail over their curiosity. “ Prevention is the challenge of the future Thank you for your Attention !!!! Jürgen Penschke 07/03/11 19 (C) 2011 by Thomas Zosel (C) 2011 by Thomas Zosel (C) 2011 by Thomas Zosel 19 19


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