Presentation on theme: "Green Highways and Green Streets for 21st Century Infrastructure: Strategies, Technologies and Funding Presented By: The Low Impact Development (LID) Center,"— Presentation transcript:
Green Highways and Green Streets for 21st Century Infrastructure: Strategies, Technologies and Funding Presented By: The Low Impact Development (LID) Center, Inc. as part of an Assistance Agreement with EPA Region 3 Office of Water and the Green Highways Partnership (GHP)
The Low Impact Development Center, Inc. has met the standards and requirements of the Registered Continuing Education Program. Credit earned on completion of this program will be reported to RCEP at RCEP.net. A certificate of completion will be issued to each participant. As such, it does not include content that may be deemed or construed to be an approval or endorsement by RCEP.
The purpose of this presentation is provide a introduction to and discussion on green highways. At the end of this presentation, you will be able to: Describe greener approaches to planning, design, and construction Discuss funding opportunities and sources Cite national case studies Explain federal, state, & local perspectives Purpose and Learning Objectives
“The Green Highways Partnership (GHP) watershed approach… Recognizes that multiple land uses coexist in watersheds Uses a collaborative approach – Provides an opportunity for organizations to plan and deliver the most cost-effective protection, even improvement, to watersheds Goes beyond NPDES compliance – Shifts perspective from implementing stormwater exclusively on-site that meets conventional regulatory guidelines to off-site that addresses watershed improvement goals This framework can serve as a model for other departments of transportation.” Raja Veeramachaneni Co-Chair, GHP Watershed-Driven Stormwater Management Team
Presentation Introduction to the Green Highways Partnership (GHP) Greener Approaches to Planning, Design and Construction Funding Opportunities and Sources Making the funding connections, such as ARRA National Case Studies Federal, State & Local Perspectives Facilitated Discussion & Question and Answer
GHP o Purpose o Background o Highlights Green Highways Watershed Approach to Stormwater Management o Linear projects at the state and local DOT level o Principles & Regulatory Connections
Formed in 2005 Voluntary – Not Regulatory Collaborative Effort Public-Private Partnership Goals – Promote innovation, stewardship, streamlining, and green solutions for the linear transportation projects Green Highways Partnership (GHP)
Green Highways & Green Streets enable: o Development of integrated watershed planning approaches o Leveraging of resources (technology, funding, outreach o Integration of green elements into infrastructure o Creation of partnerships and development of cross-cutting programs o Creation of Context Sensitive Solutions
GHP Framework: 3 Major Environmental “Theme” Teams – Conservation & Ecosystem Protection – Recyclables & Reuse – Watershed-Driven Stormwater Management Ten Guiding Principles!
Theme Teams Conservation & Ecosystem Protection Establish regional ecosystem frameworks and an ecosystem approach to transportation programs and projects. Recyclables and Reuse Promote environmentally sound use of industrial, residential, and commercial materials and byproducts Promote practices that conserve non-renewable resources, reduce impacts to landfills, reduce greenhouse gas emissions, and save energy. Watershed-Driven Stormwater Management Implement watershed-driven approach to address stormwater impacts through integrated and innovative practices
Uses natural infrastructure approaches to link transportation and environmental planning. Identifies critical habitats and other areas of ecological importance Facilitates the placement, design, and scope of future transportation projects Urban Ecosystem Analysis can accurately measure “environmental savings* of using a “natural infrastructure approach”. *Potential savings that can be calculated are: Non-point source stormwater impacts Carbon sequestration and storage Conservation & Ecosystem Protection
Natural Assessing Natural Infrastructure Urban Ecosystem Analysis natural –Means of calculating existing & potential value of a communities’ natural infrastructure and land use Page from report showing City of Bellevue, Washington Landcover Classification from 2007 High Resolution Imagery Source: American Forests http://www.americanforests.org/resources/rea/
NCHRP Project 25-09 Evaluation Methodology Material Screening Detailed Laboratory Evaluation Fate and Transport Modeling Evaluation of Data and Characterization Potential Impacts Report with Tools/Methodology for Evaluating materials is available Main components of C&R material evaluation: http://onlinepubs.trb.org/onlinepubs/nchrp/nchrp_rpt_448.pdf
NCHRP Project 25-09 Waste and By-product Materials Evaluated
Environmental o Avoided impacts from processing virgin materials (e.g. GHG emissions) Economic o Reduced transfer and disposal costs Performance o Perform as well as or better than traditional materials Increased strength, improved workability, resistance to chemical attack, longer life Recycling and Reuse (R/R) Benefits of Industrial Materials Use
State DOT pilot projects that optimize beneficial use of byproducts o Virginia, West Virginia, Maryland, and Pennsylvania Efforts currently include: o Virginia GHP demonstration projects and Green Rating System o Mid-Atlantic Specification Harmonization Task o Information exchanges (NRC, other regions), outreach tools Recycling and Reuse (R/R) Examples
Watershed-Driven Stormwater Management Promotes coordination of public and private stakeholder interests toward watershed protection Supports & integrates R&D – leveraged to address data needs and gaps Uses collaborative partnerships to produce tangible results Provides an opportunity for infrastructure agencies to plan and deliver the most cost-effective protection that includes added benefits to watersheds Promotes protection and restoration measures both inside & outside the DOT ROW
Watershed-Driven Stormwater Management Principles of Watershed Approach Regulatory compliance is the minimum Requires a stormwater management plan considering watershed-wide needs – Targeted results per year Focuses on achieving overall positive environmental results for the watershed Integrates stormwater plans into transportation project development and project features
Watershed-Driven Stormwater Management Highlights GHP Model DOT Stormwater Permit R&D project – Use of Slag to Reduce P Loadings County Partnering – Green Highways & Green Streets Villanova Porous Pavement Study Maryland State Highway Watershed Approach Support for Anacostia Watershed-Driven Nannie Helen Burroughs (NHB) Project Support for Prince George’s County, MD Watershed BMP Optimization Model Support for GI-Driven Training – including this Webinar
GHP Watershed-Driven Stormwater Pilot: Development of a DOT Linear-Based Model NPDES Stormwater Permit Using Green Infrastructure Strategies – Partners: EPA Region 3, DNREC, DelDOT, FHWA Purpose – Develop a model watershed-driven stormwater permit that utilizes greener stormwater management controls and cost/effective O&M for DOT facilities and operations. Why? – Supports GHP objective to collaboratively develop and evaluate innovative solutions that achieve “better than before” results - tailored for the linear transportation environment.
GHP Design Principles Watershed serves as a driver for Context Sensitive Design DelDot MS4 Permit Prototype used Already utilizing green “infiltration” practices due to DE Green Technology Standards Evaluate streamlining & general permit opportunities Provides foundation for “credit” system GHP Design Toolbox Mix of traditional & non-traditional (LID) practices within & outside of the ROW GHP Watershed-Driven Stormwater Pilot: Development of a DOT Linear-Based Model NPDES Stormwater Permit
http://onlinepubs.trb.org/onlinepubs/nchrp/nchrp_rpt_565.pdf Project 25-20(01): Evaluation of Best Management Practices for Highway Runoff Control Low Impact Development Highway Manual (National Cooperative Highway Research Program, NCHRP)
Green Strategies Bioretention Permeable Walks Reforestation Soil Amendments
Source: Project 25-20(01): Evaluation of Best Management Practices for Highway Runoff Control Low Impact Development Highway Manual (National Cooperative Highway Research Program, NCHRP) http://onlinepubs.trb.org/onlinepubs/nchrp/nchrp_rpt_565.pdf
Porous/Pervious Pavements Product and Technology-Based Solutions & Best Management Practices Porous/Pervious Pavements serve as an “at source” solution Multiple product sources and technologies -Porous Aggregates -Porous Asphalt -Pervious Concrete -Open Jointed Blocks Source: Bruce Ferguson Source: KPFF Engineers Porous AggregatesPorous AsphaltMaintenance Open Jointed Blocks (Pavers) Pervious Concrete Source: Bruce Ferguson
Two terms currently being used: Porous: having pores (voids) Pervious: allowing fluid to pass through Successful porous/pervious pavements require correct: - Pavement selection - Design - Installation - Maintenance Porous/Pervious Pavements Product and Technology-Based Solutions & Best Management Practices Source: Portland Cement Association & National Ready Mixed Concrete Association
Sustainable Characteristics and Benefits : - Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) Compliant -Shoes, wheel chairs, crutches -Noise Reduction -Stormwater Mitigation/Management - Cooler Surface - Supports Tree Growth Porous/Pervious Pavements Source: Interlocking Concrete Pavement Institute (ICPI)
Slide 31 of 56 Pervious Concrete Site of 2008 Super Bowl – Glendale, Arizona Park & Ride Parking Lot (4 acres) Source: National Ready Mixed Concrete Association (NRMCA)
Alternative Materials Source: Interlocking Concrete Pavement Institute (ICPI) Source: RMC Research & Education Foundation
Large R-O-W’s for Suburban/Rural Arterials Source: Prince George’s County Department of Environmental Resources, Maryland
Compost Amendments and Filter Soxx Source: Filtrexx
Pretreatment Grass Swale Swale Pretreatment Check Dams Samplers Source: A.P. Davis, University of Maryland College Park
Flow Data 11/16/05 Storm Event Source: A.P. Davis, University of Maryland College Park
Innovative & Adaptive BMP Conditions Source: Low Impact Development Center, Inc.
Constructability Mt. Rainier, Maryland LID Demonstration Project LID Center designed this project for the University of Maryland, College Park and the Hydrology and Hydraulics Division of the Maryland State Highway Administration (SHA).
Irving Street Cloverleaf Retrofit (Washington DC) Source: Greeley and Hansen, LLC
Erosion & Sediment Control & Site Restoration Irving Street Cloverleaf Retrofit (Washington DC)
green green How do we integrate these green techniques with conservation and green infrastructure planning?
EPA / FHWA Grant Source: Low Impact Development Center, Inc.
Community revitalization through the use of low impact development, attraction of green businesses, and attention to health by encouraging biking and walking. Chesapeake Bay Trust Urban Greening Grant Edmonston, Maryland: A Great Green Town
National model for ways to effectively invest American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) funds in Green Infrastructure Source: Low Impact Development Center, Inc.
Green Jobs Source: U.S. EPA EPA Region 3 & Headquarters Partnerships – Federal – State – Local Governments Leverage resources for economic revitalization and environmental restoration http://www.epa.gov/npdes/pu bs/gi_greenjobs_feb09.pdf
NCHRP 25-31 o Guidelines for Evaluating & Selecting Modifications to Existing Roadway Drainage Infrastructure to Improve Water Quality in Ultra- Urban Areas Project Status: Geosyntec team in progress Retrofit Strategies for BMPs
Integration with Community & Economic Development Planning & Site Design Source: Neoscape
Decentralized Controls Integrated into Urban Infrastructure Source: WERF
System Integration, Consistency & Sustainability Source: District Department of Transportation
City of Baltimore, MD Green Streets Master Plans
Target intersections – Prone to nuisance flooding – With specific CSO problems Funding and planning – 80 new Green Streets every year for the next decade – Small plantings in right of way one of PlaNYC’s most successful retrofit programs Source: Draft PlaNYC Sustainable Stormwater Management Plan 2008 http://www.nyc.gov/html/planyc2030/downloads/pdf/draft_sustainable_stormwater_management_plan _october_2008.pdf PlaNYC
1. VISION Complete Streets are: Multi-modal: Safe, comfortable & accessible for all users Green: Sustainable materials, storm water management & reduced energy consumption Smart: efficient & maximize technological advances
Moderate local climate Filter air pollutants and absorb CO2 Store storm water and reduce run- off Enhance the biodiversity of species, enhance wildlife habitat Connect us to larger ecosystems through interactions with local green spaces Mitigate pavement in parking lots, traffic islands and medians www.cityofboston.gov/parks/streettrees/ - Street Trees -Plantings -Rain Gardens -Bio-Swales -Paving Materials 6. Greenscape