EVOLUTION OF EMERGENCY ALERTING Originally called the “Key Station System,” the CONtrol of ELectromagnetic RADiation (CONELRAD) was established in August 1951. Participating stations tuned to 640 & 1240 kHz AM and initiated a special sequence and procedure designed to warn citizens. IPAWS modernizes and integrates the nation’s alert and warning infrastructure. Integrates new and existing public alert and warning systems and technologies Provides authorities a broader range of message options and multiple communications pathways Increases capability to alert and warn communities of all hazards impacting public safety. EBS was initiated to address the nation through audible alerts. It did not allow for targeted messaging. System upgraded in 1976 to provide for better and more accurate handling of alert receptions. Originally designed to provide the President with an expeditious method of communicating with the American Public, it was expanded for use during peacetime at state and local levels. EAS jointly coordinated by the FCC, FEMA and NWS. Designed for President to speak to American people within 10 minutes. EAS messages composed of 4 parts: Digitally encoded header Attention Signal Audio Announcement Digitally encoded end-of- message marker CONELRADEBSEASIPAWS 1951 - 19631963 - 19971997 - 20062006
WHAT IS IPAWS? IPAWS: Integrated Public Alert Warning System, is a comprehensive, coordinated, integrated system that can be used by authorized public officials to deliver effective alert messages to the American public. IPAWS is the nation’s next generation infrastructure of alert and warning networks. IPAWS ensures the President can alert & warn the public under any condition. IPAWS will also allow Federal, State, territorial & local warning authorities the capabilities to alert & warn their communities. IPAWS is an all hazards warning system.
WHAT IS THE INTEGRATED PUBLIC ALERT AND WARNING SYSTEM (IPAWS)? IPAWS will take the existing Emergency Alert System (EAS) and add new ways to warn people of imminent threats. The public will receive alerts via Cell phones- Radio Email- Residential telephone Television- others TBD The mission is to ensure the President can communicate with State, Local, and Tribal governments and the public in times of war or national emergency. IPAWS capabilities will also be available to emergency managers
IPAWS ARCHITECTURE One message will reach the public through every available communication path A message can originate at the Federal, State, or Local level The message will go to the IPAWS aggregator—servers that will gather the messages and authenticate them, then The message will go through multiple distribution paths to reach every available communications device IPAWS is developing standards and protocols to increase interoperability among alert and warning systems
WEA: WIRELESS EMERGENCY ALERTS Wireless Emergency Alerts (WEA) is the industry branding name of the new Commercial Mobile Alert System (CMAS) CMAS required by Federal Warning, Alert, and Response Network (“WARN”) Act, passed in 2006 WEA alert types: Presidential, imminent threat to life and property, AMBER alerts WEAs are free messages / warnings – alerts sent directly to your cell phone. WEAs are only 90 characters in length. WEAs will be sent by Federal, State, Local Government, NWS, National Center for Missing & Exploited Children (*AMBER Alerts) WEAs are geographically targeted. If you are in an area under an alert AND you have a WEA capable device, you should receive the alert regardless of your cell phones area code.
CURRENT CHALLENGES/WHERE WE ARE AT State Emergency Communications Committee will address WEA in addition to EAS Challenges: Plans, policies, procedures for the use of WEA must be developed at the federal, state, and local levels and integrated vertically. Technical issues with the IPAWS OPEN aggregator, the wireless carriers and the phone manufacturers need to be resolved. Training and public information needs to be developed and provided for alerting authorities, wireless device vendors, and the general public. These challenges must be overcome before people choose to opt out because WEA is perceived to be more of nuisance than a help.
PANEL MEMBERS Darrell Ruby, Region 9 Coordinator/Spokane DEM, facilitator Clay Freinwald, State Emergency Communications Committee Chair, state governance body Carri Gordon, AMBER Committee, state governance body Ted Buehner, NOAA, national alerting authority Roy Benavente, Emergency Management Division, state alerting authority Amy Gillespie, Pierce County, local alerting authority TBD, MyStateUSA, alert origination service provider Brian Daly, AT&T, wireless carrier
AUDIENCE Q&A WHAT DO YOU WANT TO KNOW ABOUT IPAWS?