Presentation on theme: "Mountain Safety. MS 1_8: FA Basics (Insects, Bites & Stings)"— Presentation transcript:
MS 1_8: FA Basics (Insects, Bites & Stings)
Learning Intention: To equip you with the knowledge to avoid, recognise and treat insect bites and stings.
Success Criteria: By the end of this session everyone should be able to: Describe what steps to take to avoid, recognise and treat common insect-related problems in a wilderness environment. Some of you may be able to: Describe the symptoms of Lyme Disease and anaphylaxis.
Activities: 1.Discussion/Powerpoint: - Insect problems - What can I do to avoid them? - How should you treat them? 2. Video: Tick removal
What are the likely insect problems in Scotland?
Midges: mostly a nuisance, rarely a medical issue; Bees & wasps: very rare to get stung; Ticks: carry disease
How to avoid midges Cover up skin Wear insect repellent Keep on the move Wear a head net when stationary Stay in a breeze Smoke (!) Do not camp near still water (lochs, boggy ground) where they gather and breed Wash pots and do not leave food waste
How to treat a midge bite Annoying – only usually a health issue where there are multiple bites Apply anti-histamine cream Do not scratch
Bee & Wasp Stings
Rare, especially in upland areas Painful, but not generally dangerous Bee stings are best removed with tweezers Not generally dangerous, but a few people can have an anaphylactic reaction…
Anaphylaxis AN EXTREME ALLERGIC REACTION Swelling, especially around the mouth and eyes Sufferers should carry medication, often in the form of a self-injecting needle or ‘pen’ Anaphylaxis can be a MEDICAL EMERGENCY, if it threatens the airway Evacuate to hospital IMMEDIATELY
TICKS Common in some woodland Attach themselves painlessly to passing mammals You will not find them unless you check yourself Some ticks can carry Lyme Disease
Video: How to remove a Tick
Lyme Disease: ‘Bulls-eye’ rash Flu-like symptoms Arthritis & death See a doctor