Presentation on theme: "The Case of the Miscreant Purveyor Of Scandal"— Presentation transcript:
1The Case of the Miscreant Purveyor Of Scandal Near v. Minnesota 1931The Case of the Miscreant PurveyorOfScandal
2What’s at Stake Prior Restraint Freedom of Speech Due Process Prevention or censorship of materials from reaching publication.Freedom of Speech1st AmendmentDue Process14th Amendment
3People Involved: Howard Guilford – Publisher of the Saturday Press. Jay Near – Reporter.Floyd B. Olson – Hennepin County Attorney – later the Governor of Minnesota.
4Sequence of Events 1925 – Minnesota Public Nuisance Law enacted. Judges can cease publications before publication deemed:ScandalousDefamatoryMalicious1927 – The Saturday Press hits the stands.Story says city is run by Jewish gangsters in cooperation with the police chief and mayor.June 1, 1931, Near v. Minnesota decided.Nov. 21, 1927, Judge Mathias Baldwin forbids publication of the Saturday Press containing any reference to the Mayor or Police Chief.254 members of the American Newspaper Publisher’s Association support appeal to Supreme Court.
5Arguments State of Minnesota: Near’s Attorneys: Contended no injunction was issued against the paper prior to publication.Near’s Attorneys:Argued no state can deny freedom of the press by using prior restraint.Said the state injunction against future issues was prior restraint.State argument invalidated Near’s 14th Amendment argument.
6Case Outcome Court Opinion 5-4 decision. Justices focused on 14th Amendment.The Nuisance Law was a suppression not just of defamatory material, but of future publication, a violation of due process and freedom of speech.Libel: An individual may take legal action after publication if they feel wronged, but publication must be allowed.
7Barred Speech Speech that can be suppressed: Obscenity Publication of critical war information.Publication inciting public violence and government overthrow.Publications invading private rights.
8Links Near V. Minnesota case syllabus and opinions. Near v. Minnesota recent citations.Supreme Court case resource site.Supreme Court site.14th Amendment Text.