Presentation on theme: "What I am going to talk about today"— Presentation transcript:
1What I am going to talk about today MolesGood, bad, ugly and ugliest skin lesionsHow to prevent skin cancerSunscreensA word about Laser
2Moles Most people have a few Most do not cause a problem Occasionally a nuisance!
3Flat dark molesJunctional naevus – located at junction of outer and inner layer of skinMore likely than other moles to cause a problem – so the one to watch for!
4Raised skin coloured moles Dermal naevus – located in deeper layer of skinVery rare that they turn into melanoma
5Slightly raised dark moles Raised in the middleSurrounding dark pigmentationLess likely to cause a problem
6Looks ugly but good! Seborrhoeic keratosis Extremely common Rough top Usually do not need treatmentGet them checked if any doubt
7Sin tags Harmless but can irritate and aggravate Neck, chest, back, armpits or in the groin areaCan be removed by cutting, freezing or burning
8Warts Very common Nuisance but not a serious problem Treatment can be more uncomfortable and troublesome than the warts
9Treating warts Number of treatments, none of them very successful PaintsFreezingDuct tape!
10How to cure your wart with duct tape! Cover the wart with duct tape for 6 days. If the tape falls off during this time, put on a fresh pieceAfter 6 days, remove the tape and soak the wart in warm water for 5 minutes. After drying, rub gently with an emery board or pumice stone to get rid of dead tissue from the top of the wartLeave the wart uncovered overnight and put the tape on again the next dayContinue for up to two months.
12Actinic keratoses Dry, scaly patches Form on sun exposed areas of the skin, including the scalp, face, forearms, and back of the handsCaused by years of excessive sun exposure.If you develop one you are likely to get another
13Actinic keratoses Actinic keratoses on the lip Appear as cracking, dried lips
14Actinic keratoses Actinic keratoses are considered PRECANCEROUS Important to treat themTreat by freezing, creams and sometimes surgery
15Avoiding new Actinic keratoses AVOID SUN EXPOSUREThe best way to avoid new actinic keratoses and skin cancer is to protect your skin from the sun and the damaging ultraviolet (UV) rays.If you can’t avoid spending time outdoors, make sun protection a priority. Use a broad-spectrum sunscreen with a minimum SPF of 30, and cover your skin with long-sleeved shirts, trousers, and a wide-brimmed hat.
16Basal cell carcinoma Commonest type of cancer 80% of skin cancers NOT dangerous as does not spread beyond the skin
17Basal cell carcinomaA sore that comes and goes but never completely healsA shiny bump or nodule, especially if it appears pearly or translucent
18Treatment of basal cell carcinoma Creams for superficial onesFreezing for small onesSurgery for others
19Squamous cell carcinoma 10% of skin cancersA dry, crusted, scaly patch of skin that is red and swollen at the baseA sore that won’t healCrusted skin
20Squamous cell carcinoma Can sometimes spread beyond the skinImportant to diagnose and treat earlyMain treatment is surgerySometimes radiotherapy is used
22Melanoma 5% of skin cancers Most DANGEROUS SKIN CANCER A mole that changes in size, shape, colour, or feelA new mole that appears and continues to grow or change
23The ABCDE ruleAsymmetry. Does one half of a mole look different from the other?Border. Is the edge (border) of the mole ragged, notched, or blurred?Colour. Does the mole have a variety of hues or colours within the same lesion?Diameter. Is the mole wider than 6mm or 1/4 inch?Evolving. Does the mole or skin lesion look different from your other moles or has it changed in shape colour, size or other trait?
24Key pointIf you notice a mole that is different from others, or which changes, itches, or bleeds even if it is smaller than 6 millimetre – GET ADVICE
25Who is at risk? No one knows exact cause Fair skin Many moles especially more than 50Severe, blistering sunburns: People who have had at least one severe, blistering sunburn as a child or teenager are at increased risk of melanomaUltraviolet (UV) radiation – sunlight as well as tanning booths and sunlampsFamily history or personal history of melanoma
26Treatment of melanomaSurgery is main treatmentSometimes chemotherapy
27How to prevent skin cancers? Minimize exposure to the sun at midday - between the hours of 10 a.m. and 4 p.m.Apply sunscreen, with at least an SPF-30 or higher that protects against both UVA and UVB rays, to all areas of the body that are exposed to the sun.Reapply sunscreen every two hours, even on cloudy days. Reapply after swimming or perspiring.
28How to prevent skin cancers? Wear clothing that covers the body and shades the face – wear hat and sunglassesAvoid exposure to UV radiation from sunlamps or tanning parlours.Protect children. Keep them from excessive sun exposure when the sun is strongest (between 10 a.m. and 4 p.m.), and apply sunscreen liberally and frequently to children 6 months of age and older.
29Skin self check Monthly check for changes in moles Stand in front of a mirror and check your skin for:Unusual discolorationsAbnormal moles, looking for changes in:ColourShapeSizeCheck the hard-to-see areas:Under your armsThe soles of your feetBetween your toesPart your hair and check your scalpHave your partner check your back for skin discolorations and changing moles
30About sunscreensSunscreen protects your skin by absorbing and reflecting ultraviolet rays from the sun
31SunscreensAll sunscreens have a sun protection factor (SPF) rating that indicates how long a sunscreen remains effective on the skin.If you normally develop a sunburn in 10 minutes without wearing a sunscreen, a sunscreen with an SPF of 15 will protect you for 150 minutes — 10 minutes multiplied by the SPF of 15.
32SunscreensUse a "broad spectrum" sunscreen – one that protects against ultraviolet A (UVA) and ultraviolet B (UVB)Use sunscreens with an SPF of at least 30.Adults should cover their bodies in enough sunscreen that would fill a shot glass and reapply every two hours.
33Laser treatment Not generally on the NHS! Useful for hair removal, thread veins, skin blemishes and scarsImportant to select a clinic with good track record
34Take Home MessagesIf you notice a new skin lesion that stays or an old one that starts changing GET ADVICE.Enjoy the Sun but with RESPECTIF you have a wart and you know it, make your way to the nearest DIY store and get some duct tapeAbove all, Smile a little andKeep Safe