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Spoil to Splendor: A Story of Chesapeake Bay Island Restoration Presented by Christopher P. Guy, Peter C. McGowan And Robbie Callahan U.S Fish and Wildlife.

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Presentation on theme: "Spoil to Splendor: A Story of Chesapeake Bay Island Restoration Presented by Christopher P. Guy, Peter C. McGowan And Robbie Callahan U.S Fish and Wildlife."— Presentation transcript:

1 Spoil to Splendor: A Story of Chesapeake Bay Island Restoration Presented by Christopher P. Guy, Peter C. McGowan And Robbie Callahan U.S Fish and Wildlife Service Chesapeake Bay Field Office Annapolis, Maryland

2 The Paul S. Sarbanes Ecological Restoration Project at Poplar Island, Talbot County Maryland

3 Partners U.S Army Corps of Engineers* ● U.S Army Corps of Engineers* ● Maryland Port Authority* ● Maryland Environmental Service* ● Maryland Geological Survey ● Maryland Dept. Environment ● Maryland Dept. Of Natural Resources * Principal funding organizations/project management ● University of Maryland ● Ohio University ● USGS ● NOAA ● USFWS

4 What is Poplar Island? A 27 year, 700 million dollar beneficial use of dredged material project. Accepting clean material from Baltimore approach channels to restore island habitat to the Chesapeake Bay. A 27 year, 700 million dollar beneficial use of dredged material project. Accepting clean material from Baltimore approach channels to restore island habitat to the Chesapeake Bay.

5 ● Loss of island and wetland habitat as well as culturally significant areas throughout Chesapeake Bay due to erosion and sea level rise. ● Placement site for maintenance dredging material Why Bother?

6 So Where Is It Anyway? ●34 Nautical miles south of Baltimore, Maryland ● 34 Nautical miles south of Baltimore, Maryland ● 17 miles SSE of Annapolis, Maryland ● 30 miles east of Washington D.C ● 30 miles east of Washington D.C.

7 Tilghman Island 1934-Picture provided by the Smithsonian Institution Poplar Island

8 N

9 1847: >1100 acres

10 Design Features ● 1,140 acres (50% wetlands/50% uplands); 1847 ● 570 acres of marsh (80% low marsh/20% high marsh) ● 40 mcy capacity (25 mcy at present)

11 Wetlands Uplands North

12 Project Restoration Goals: ● Create remote and diverse island habitat ● Create remote and diverse island habitat ● Restore quiescent water habitat in Poplar Harbor to promote submerged aquatic vegetation recovery ● Create/enhance tidal wetlands to provide fish and wildlife habitat

13 Project Restoration Goals: ● Create bare/sparsely vegetated islands within the restored marshes to provide nesting habitat for birds (terns, black skimmers, oyster catcher etc.) ● Create/enhance vegetated islands within the restore marshes to provide nesting habitat for birds (egrets, herons, black duck, etc.)

14 Island Aerials September (Pre-construction)

15 Wildlife Management Activities ● Disease response ● Predator/nuisance species control (gulls, great horned owl,mute swan, fox, muskrat,) and surveillance. ● Predator/nuisance species control (gulls, great horned owl, mute swan, fox, muskrat,) and surveillance. ● Monitoring (wildlife, wetland, and SAV).

16 Wildlife Management Activities ● Habitat enhancement (shrub plantings, Christmas trees, and snags). ● Nesting structures installation (osprey, tree swallows etc). ● Develop wildlife management plan.

17 Wildlife Disease Response Avian Botulism Steatitis Steatitis Avian Paramyxovirus (Newcastle Disease) Avian Paramyxovirus (Newcastle Disease)

18 Wildlife Disease Response

19 Predator/Nuisance Species Control

20 Habitat Enhancement

21 Nest Box/Structures

22 Avian Monitoring Osprey Snowy egret Double-crested cormorant Least and Common terns

23 ● Estimating areal coverage by species ● Measuring stem heights ● Species diversity Wetland Monitoring

24 Marsh Restoration Progression MAY JUNEJULY AUGUSTSEPTEMBER OCTOBER

25 Submerged Aquatic Vegetation Monitoring

26 “POP”ular Destination Red-winged Blackbird Great Blue Heron Willet Tree Swallow Snowy Egret Black Skimmer Gulls American Avocet Sandpiper

27 Questions ???


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