Presentation on theme: "Unit Ten Text I Things: The Throw-Away Society Before Reading: Background Alvin Toffler (born October 3, 1928) is an American writer and futurist, known."— Presentation transcript:
Unit Ten Text I Things: The Throw-Away Society Before Reading: Background Alvin Toffler (born October 3, 1928) is an American writer and futurist, known for his works discussing the digital revolution, communications revolution, corporate revolution and technological singularity. A former associate editor of Fortune magazine, his early work focused on technology and its impact (through effects like information overload). Then he moved to examining the reaction of and changes in society. His later focus has been on the increasing power of 21st century military hardware, weapons and technology proliferation, and capitalism. He is married to Heidi Toffler, also a writer and futurist.October 31928Americanwriterfuturistdigital revolutioncommunications revolutioncorporate revolution technological singularityFortuneinformation overloadchanges in society21st centurycapitalism Heidi Toffler
A few of his well-known works are: · Future Shock (1970) Future Shock1970 The Third Wave (1980) The Third Wave1980 The Eco-Spasm Report (1981) The Eco-Spasm Report1981 Powershift: Knowledge, Wealth and Violence at the Edge of the 21st Century (1990) Powershift: Knowledge, Wealth and Violence at the Edge of the 21st Century1990 War and Anti-War (1995) War and Anti-War1995
Quotes from Alvin Tofler Society needs people who take care of the elderly and who know how to be compassionate and honest. Society needs people who work in hospitals. Society needs all kinds of skill that are not just cognitive; they're emotional, they're affectional. You can't run the society on data and computers alone.
Quotes from Alvin Tofler The Second Wave Society isindustrial and based on mass production,mass distribution,mass consumption,mass education,mass media,mass recreation,mass entertainment,and weapons of mass destruction. You combine those things with standardization, centralization, concentration, and synchronization, and you wind up with a style of organization, we call bureaucracy.
Global Reading: Theme the discovery of a consumerist society a thorough analysis of new type products and its psychological influences on people’s mentality decreased durations in man-thing relationships
Detailed Reading: Language Points 1. trade-in — If you trade-in sth.such as an old car, you give it to a dealer when you buy a new one so that you get a reduction of the price eg. Now we can trade washing machines in for a new one. Trade-in ; trade-ins (n.): a business deal like this eg. What ’ s the car ’ s trade-in value?
Language Points 2. the new version — the new model, the new form Version has different meanings in different contexts. eg. 1)Several versions (styles) of clothes for outing are on display. 2)What he said is a completely different version (account) from what we read in the newspaper. 3)A modern version (rendering)of the Shaoxing Opera attracted a large audience. 4)I was only able to read the English version (translation ) of Goethe’s works.
Language Points 3.staggering vision — stunning scene eg. The cost has climbed to a staggering price. Stagger (verb): an event that staggers (astounded) the world
Language Points 4.It is the technologically produced environment that matters for the individual. —Man-made or produced products form a very important role in people’s daily life.
Language Points 5. Man-made things enter into and color our consciousness. — His minds is filled with and influenced by artificial things. Consciousness — (one ’ s) mind and thoughts. eg. Doubts about his trustworthiness never entered my consciousness.
Language Points 6. clutch lingeringly and lovingly to the same doll — hold on to the same old doll faithfully/devotedly/persistently/with devotion and with love. Lingering — The literal meaning of this word is “ slow to disappear ”. eg. A lingering illness; a lingering hope; a lingering sense of guilt In this context, lingeringly means “ clinging to with devotion or clasping with love. ”
Language Points 7. the new breed of little girls — the new type of little girls. The word breed has different meanings in the following contexts: breed horses — rear In a breeding season, animals breed offspring. — reproduce Thieves breed thieves. – generate He was American born and bred. — brought up
Language Points 8. she is inextricably embedded in a throw-away culture. — She becomes a part of the throw-away society from which she cannot break away. inextricably — inseparably eg. High birth rate and low life expectancy used to be inextricably linked In our country, but it is no longer so today. embed — fix firmly and deeply in a mass of surrounding substance. eg. He exerted so much strength that his knife got embedded in the chopping block.
Language Points 9. run counter to the grain – be contrary to one ’ s inclination or disposition. eg. run counter to the traditional ideology
Language Points 10. individuals steeped in a heritage of poverty — people who have long suffered from poverty steep — submerge; eg. The subway in New York is steeped in violence.
Language Points 11. lo and behold — expression to draw attention in a literary or humorous way to a surprising or an interesting event lo: an archaic way of expression. eg. The man from East stick needles in you and, lo and behold, you feel no pain and are healed.
Language Points 12. disposable products --things to be used once and then thrown away eg. disposable paper-cups, disposable bib dispose of: throw away eg.Nowadays people tend to use paper cups which they can dispose of after one use.
Language Points 13. breathtaking — stunning,overwhelming,unbelievable eg. breathtaking scenery 14. sumptuous — grand and expensive eg. Sumptuous furniture/ meal/ evening dressing
Language Points 15. with respect to — concerning (used especially to introduce a new subject of one that has been mentioned earlier. eg. With respect to you’re application for the job, we’ll soon let you know our decision.
Global Reading: Organization and Development The thesis of the essay is: the relationship between man and things are temporary. In order to explain his thesis, the writer employs the method of illustration and example. In the first three paragraphs, he mentions the production of Barbies.In para.7 he provides a list of throw-away objects for daily use to illustrate the throw-away culture in which the younger generation are embedded. In para.9 he gives examples of other industrialized countries in which the throw-away culture has been gradually fostered since the late 1950 ’ s. In para.10-12 he gives the example of the introduction of paper clothes products to show people ’ s psychological need for throw-away things and the trend to maintain a transient relationship between man and man-made objects.
Organization and Development In order to explain his thesis, the writer also employs the method of comparison and contrast. In para.6 this method is used to show the difference between two generations in their value judgments. In para.9 the United States and Sweden are contrasted to show how the latter, following in the footsteps of the former was gradually transformed from a more traditional society into a throw-away society in the 1950 ’ s-1960 ’ s.
After Reading: Questions for group discussion 11.What has given rise to the profusion of disposable products? 2. Do you speak against or for disposability? 3. What ’ s the writer ’ s implied meaning of the author ’ s? 4. Is the throw-away mentality an indication of social development?