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Hairstyling Chapter 17.

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Presentation on theme: "Hairstyling Chapter 17."— Presentation transcript:

1 Hairstyling Chapter 17

2 Hairstyling The art of hairstyling or dressing the hair has always had a direct relation to the fashion, art, and life of the times A person’s hairstyle often reflects the period in which they live Historical and technical knowledge of hairstyling will prepare you for the constant cyclical changes of fashion By learning basic styling techniques, you will be able and ready to create endless styles to keep clients happy

3 Wet Hairstyling Tools:
Combs – Brushes Rollers Clips – duckbill, sectioning, double prong Pins – bobby or hair Clamps – butterfly clips

4 Finger waving __________________________________________ __________________________________________ __________________________________________ __________________________________________ __ Was the rage in the 1920’s

5 Waving lotion Is a type of hair gel that makes the hair _____________ enough to keep it in place during the finger waving process Traditionally made from _____________ an ingredient found in trees in India and Africa A good waving lotion is harmless to the hair and __________________________ If you use too much the hair will be too wet and dripping

6 Finding the natural part
Comb wet hair straight back from the hairline Push the hair gently forward with the palm of the hand Use your comb and other hand to separate the hair where it parts

7 Horizontal finger waving
Part hair Apply waving lotion Shape the hair into a S or C shaping Place index finger of your left hand directly above the position for the first ridge, with the teeth of the comb pointing slightly upward insert the comb directly under the index finger, draw the comb forward about 1 inch Flatten the comb against the head to hold ridge in place Remove your left hand and place your middle finger above the ridge with your index finger on the teeth of the comb Draw out the ridge by closing the two fingers and applying pressure – do not push or over direct Turn the teeth downward and comb the hair in a semicircular direction opposite the slide Continue this procedure until all sections are complete

8 Pin Curls Pin curls serve as the basis for patterns, line waves, curls, and rolls that are used in a wide range of hairstyles Can be used on all types of hair __________________________________________ __________________________ Have three basic parts: ___________________________________

9 3 Basic Parts of a Pin Curl

10 Base ________________________ ________________________ ________________________ ________________________ ______________ 10

11 Stem ________________________ ________________________ ________________________ ________________________ ________________________ ________________________ __________ 11

12 Circle ________________________ ________________________ ________________________ ________________________ ________________________ ________________________ __________ 12

13 Mobility of a curl __________________________________________ __________________________________________ __________________ There are 3 classifications of curl mobility: _________________curl _________________ curl

14 ________________________ ____________________
No Stem ________________________ ____________________ produces a ________________________ ____________________ allows ________ mobility

15 _____________________ ________________________ ____________________
Half Stem _____________________ ________________________ ____________________ gives good control to the hair 15

16 Full Stem _____________________________
__________________________________ __________________________ base may be square, triangular, half- moon, or rectangular Gives as much freedom as the length of the stem will permit, if it is exaggerated the hair near the scalp will be flat

17 Shaping __________________________________________ __________________________________________ __________________________________________ __________ Are either open ended or closed ended __________________________________________ __________________________

18 Open / Closed Center Curls
________________________________ ________________________________ __________________________ ____________________ curls produce waves that _____________ in size toward the end. They are good for fine hair, if a fluffy curl is desired

19 Open Center / Closed Center

20 Stem and Direction Curls may be turned toward the face, away from the face, upward, downward, or diagonally __________________________________________ __________________________________________ __________________________________________ __________

21 Bases / Foundations Most common _________________________________
To avoid splits in the finished hairstyle you must use care when selecting and forming the curl base Each curl must lie flat and smooth on its base __________________________________________ __________________________

22 Rectangular Base usually recommended at the side front hairline
for a smooth effect and to avoid splits in the comb-out the pin curls must overlap

23 Triangular Base recommended along the front or facial hairline to prevent breaks or splits 23

24 Arc Base / C shape / Half Moon
_____________________________ give good direction and may be used at the hairline or in the nape 24

25 Square Bases suitable for curly hairstyles without much volume or lift
can be used on any part of the head to avoid splits stagger the sections 25

26 Pin curl techniques Ribboning: __________________________________ __________________________________ ______________________

27 Carved Curls ________________________________ ________________________________ ________________________________ ________________________________ ______________________ 27

28 Wave To create a wave effect use two rows of pin curls set one row _______________ and one ______________________________

29 Ridge Curls Are pin curls placed immediately behind or below a ridge to form a finger wave 29

30 Skip Waves Are two rows of ridge curls usually on the side of the head

31 Pin curl procedure Form C shaping
Slice a strand to create the first curl Point your left index finger down and hold the strand in place Ribbon the strand Wind the curl forward keeping the ends inside the center of the curl Hold the curl in the shaping and anchor it with a clip

32 Pin Curl Procedure

33 Anchoring pins To anchor pin curls start at the__________________________– this is the side opposite the stem The clip should enter the circle parallel to the stem To avoid a dent in the curl __________________________________ If clips touch the skin place cotton under them before placing client under the dryer

34 Stand up Curls ______________________________________
they are fastened to the head in a standing position to allow hair to flow upward and then downward size of the curl determines the amount of height in the comb-out

35 Barrel Curls have a large center opening and are fastened to the head in a standing position on a rectangular base is similar to a roller but does not have the same tension as a roller when it is set 35

36 Roller Curls Advantages
Use to create many of the same effects as stand-up pin curls ____________________________________________ ________________________ Faster way to set hair Hair is wrapped around the roller with tension which gives a longer-lasting effect Come in variety of shapes and sizes, which broadens the creative possibilities for styles


38 Parts of a Roller Curl ___________ panel of hair on which the roller is placed. Base should be same length and width as the roller. The type of base does effect the volume ___________ hair between the scalp and the first turn of the roller, __________________________________ __________________________ _____________ or circle, the hair that is wrapped around the roller, determines the size of the wave or curl

39 3 Parts of a roller curl

40 Choosing your roller size
Relationship between the length of the hair and the size of the roller will determine the results C shape, Wave, or Curl

41 C Shape One complete turn around the roller 41

42 Wave One and a half turns 42

43 Curl Two and a half turns 43

44 Roller Placement __________________________________________ __________________________________________ __________________________________________ __________ General rule – larger the roller the greater the volume There are three basic roller placements or bases: On Base, Half Base, Off Base Special roller placement is indentation

45 On Base For __________________ the roller is placed directly on its base ________________(higher than 90 degrees) the strand slightly in front of the base and then roll the hair down to the base

46 Half Base ______________________________________
The roller sits __________________________________________ __________________________________ Hold the strand __________________________________________ _ and roll the hair down 46

47 OFF BASE ________________________________
The roller sits __________________________ Hold the strand____________________________________ ___________________________________ 47

48 Indentation Placement of rollers on the head usually follows the movement of the finished style is the point where curls of opposite directions meet forming a recessed area, this is often found in a _________________

49 Hot Rollers To be used only on dry hair
They are heated either electrically or by steam Allow the rollers to set in the hair for approximately 10 minutes A thermal protector should be sprayed on the hair prior to setting The result curl is less strong than a wet set curl but longer lasting than a curling iron curl

50 Velcro Rollers Are not allowed by some state boards because of the difficulty of sanitizing them properly______________________________ Used only on dry hair, using them on wet hair will snag and tear the hair Often used after a blow-out to reinforce a curl of wave No clipping is necessary the Velcro fabric grips the hair and holds itself in place Mist entire head with hairspray, dry under a hood dryer for 5 – 10 minutes

51 Comb-Out Techniques Back combing – aka ____________________________________________ ________________________________ Best way to ____________________________________________ ________________________________ Involves combing small sections of hair from the ends towards the scalp, causing shorter hair to mat at the scalp and form a cushion or base During the 1950’s and 60’s back brushing would allow a client to wear their hair in their style for an entire week Teasing hair is a __________ for a good updo

52 Back combing procedure
Section hair, pick up a section no more than 1 inch thick and 2 to 3 inches wide Insert comb using fine teeth at a depth of about 1 ½ inches from the scalp Press the comb down gently to the scalp repeat this process until desired volume is achieved Create a cushion by firmly pushing the hair down to the scalp Smooth the hair so as not to see the packing or cushioning at the scalp

53 Backcombing

54 Hair Wrapping Useful to keep curly hair smooth and straight while retaining a beautiful shape _____________________________________________________ _____________________________________ Wrapping can be done on wet or dry hair On overly curly hair press it first and then do a dry hair wrapping Apply a silicone shine product before wrapping for a glossy comb out For extra protection stretch a neck strip around the head so that it overlaps at the ends The longer the hair is wrapped the smoother it will be

55 Hair Wrapping

56 Blow-dry styling __________________________________________ __________________________ The impression of the client’s haircut will be determined by the quality of the blow-dry

57 Tools for blow-dry styling
Blow-dryer – and electrical appliance designed for drying and styling hair Its main parts are handle, slotted nozzle, small fan, heating element, speed and heat controls, and cool shot button Temperature control switch helps to produce a steady stream of air at the desired temperature __________________ is a directional feature that creates a concentrated stream of air __________________is an attachment that causes the air to flow more softly and help to accentuate or keep textural (curl) definition

58 Blow-dryer tips To keep blow-dryer safe and effective keep it clean and free of dirt, oil, and hair The air intake at the back of the dryer must also be kept clear at all times Dropping a blow-dryer can damage the fan or heating element Never hold the blow-dryer too long in one place_________________________________ ____________________________________________ ________________________________ ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ __________________________

59 Tools for styling hair Picks and combs: designed to distribute and part the hair, they come in a wide variety of shapes and sizes, hard rubber combs should always be used with thermal tools Brushes: choose one based on the length, texture, and styling needs of the hair that you are working with

60 Brushes

61 Combs

62 Classic Styling Brush half round rubber based typically have with seven or nine rows of round tipped nylon bristles heat resistant and antistatic used where little volume is desired 62

63 Paddle Brush large, flat base are well suited for mid to longer length hair usually with ball tipped nylon pins 63

64 Grooming Brush usually oval with a mixture of boar and nylon bristles
boar helps to distribute scalp oils throughout hair shaft 64

65 Vent Brush ventilated design, used to ______________________________
great for adding volume and lift at the scalp 65

66 Round Brush Come in various diameters
usually natural bristles, smaller brush gives more curl used to lift hair at scalp and add volume metal cylinders bases act as electric roller use the cool shot button to “set” the shape

67 Teasing Brush thin nylon styling brush that has a tail for sectioning along with a narrow row of bristles 67

68 Tools for styling continued…
Styling product: are thought of a _________________ with so many products on the market a stylist needs to consider the following: 1.How long does the style need to hold? 2.What are the environmental conditions, humidity, wind, sun? 3.Type of hair, straight, curly? 4.Amount of support desired, using it on fine or coarse hair?

69 Mousse light airy whipped styling product that resembles shaving foam
It builds moderate body and volume into the hair good for fine hair will not weigh it down great for blowouts needing volume & roller sets

70 Gel thickened styling preparation that comes in a tube or bottle
create the strongest control for slicked or molded styles firm hold may overwhelm fine hair

71 Liquid Gel / Texturizer
lighter and usually a more liquid in form, add volume and body to the hair 71

72 Straightening Gel / Serum
is applied to hair ranging from wavy to extremely curly and creates a smooth straight look that will hold in a variety of weather conditions, this is temporary and will only last from shampoo to shampoo

73 Volumizers add volume to the hair, usually have a drying effect on the hair and should only be ______________________________ 73

74 Pomade / Wax add considerable weight to the hair by causing the strands to join together showing separation in the hair, makes dry hair easy to mold should be used sparingly on fine hair excellent on short hair check ingredients and avoid all products with petroleum and mineral oil 74

75 Silicone adds gloss and sheen to the hair while creating textural definition nonoily silicones are best to add at the end for extra shine spray formulas are useful for fine hair so they do not add weight 75

76 Hairspray / Finishing Mist
mist or aerosol formula used to hold hair in place available in a variety of holding strengths 76

77 Thermal Hairstyling aka _________________________________________
Methods of waving and curling straight or pressed hair using thermal irons and special manipulative techniques on dry hair Electrical or stove heated Made of quality steel to provide even heat controlled by the stylist Stove irons are capable of higher heat settings preferred w/extremely curly hair

78 Thermal Iron 4 basic parts
Rod handle Shell handle Barrel or rod (cylinder) Shell

79 Flat Iron Have two hot plates ranging in size from ½ inch to 3 inches across Straight edges used to create straight styles Beveled edges can be manipulated to bend or curl the ends best are made from ______________ not coated plates titanium, tourmaline ceramic, nano

80 Testing Thermal Irons Test it on a piece of tissue paper or a damp towel Clamp the iron on the material and hold for 5 seconds __________________________________________ __________________________

81 Care of thermal irons To remove dirt, oils and product residue, dampen a towel or rag and wipe down the barrel of the iron with a soapy solution containing a few drops of ammonia Do not _______________ the barrel in the solutions Do not do this when your iron is on Do not do this when your iron is hot Premixed solutions

82 Manipulating thermal irons
Grasp the iron in your right hand far enough away from the joint to avoid the heat Place your three middle fingers on the back of the lower handle, your little finder in front of the lower handle and your thumb in front of the upper handle Practice rolling a cold iron until you are comfortable

83 Manipulating thermal irons

84 Temperature There is no single correct temperature used for the iron
__________________________________________ __________________________ __________________________________________ __________________________________________ __________________ Coarse hair can withstand a greater temperature

85 Types of curls Barrel curl – good for short hair (can be volume based, full based, half based, or off base) Figure 6 curl – good for medium hair Figure 8 curl – good for long hair Spiral curl – curling hair by winding it around the rod, inserted at an angle End curls – finished appearance to hair ends, can be turned either under or over

86 End Curls

87 Barrel Curl

88 Figure 6 Curl

89 Figure 8 Curl

90 Curl Placement Volume Curl On Base Slightly Off Base Off Base

91 Safety for thermal irons
Keep clean Do not overheat, this can cause the ability of the iron to hold heat uniformly Test temperature Handle thermal irons carefully Place hot irons in a safe place to cool When heating conventional irons do not place the handles too close to the stove Make sure that iron is properly balanced in the stove to avoid injury ___________________________________________________________ Do not use metal combs they can burn the scalp Place a comb between the scalp and the thermal iron when curling The client’s hair must be clean and dry to endure a good result Do not allow the hair ends to protrude over the iron; this will cause fishhooks ____________________________________________________________

92 Thermal Hair Straightening (Hair Pressing)
__________________________________________ _________________________________ Generally lasts from shampoo to shampoo A good hair pressing leaves the hair in a natural and lustrous condition, and is not harmful to the hair There are 3 basic types of pressing: soft, medium, and hard

93 Hair pressing Soft Press: _________________________________________________ _________________________________________ Medium press: removes about % of the curl, apply pressing comb once on each side of the hair but using more pressure Hard press: _________________________________________________ _________________________________________

94 Hair and Scalp Analysis
Under no circumstances should hair pressing be given to a client who has a scalp abrasion or a contagious scalp condition, or chemically damaged hair ____________________________________________ ________________________________ If hair condition is not optimal suggest a series of reconditioning treatments prior to pressing A tight scalp can be made more flexible by scalp massage or brushing

95 Pressing Comb 2 basic types: regular and electric
Constructed of good quality _____________________ _________________________________________ since wood does not readily absorb heat A comb with more space between the teeth produces a coarse or open looking press, while a comb with less space produces a smoother press

96 Tempering Allows the brass to hold heat evenly
You must burn off any polish the manufacturer may have used to coat the comb, if the polish is not burned off the comb may stick to the hair causing scorching and breakage To temper a new comb – 1.heat until extremely hot 2.coat the comb in petroleum or pressing oil 3.let it cool naturally 4.rinse w/ hot running water to remove oil 96

97 Cleaning Pressing Comb
Will perform more efficiently if it is kept clean Remove the carbon by rubbing the outside surface and between the teeth with a __________________________________________ __________________________ Then place the metal portion of the comb in a hot baking soda solution for about 1 hour; rinse and dry

98 Pressing oil or cream Pressing oil or cream make the hair: softer
prepare and condition the hair for pressing help prevent burning or scorching help prevent breakage add sheen to the hair help hair stay pressed longer

99 Pressing Hints Avoid _________________________________
Avoid too much pressing oil – ______________________________________ Avoid perfumed pressing oil near scalp to prevent allergies Avoid over frequent hair pressings Keep the comb clean at all times Test temperature on tissue paper Completely dry hair before pressing

100 Touch-ups Sometime necessary when the hair becomes curly again due to perspiration, dampness, or humidity The process is the same however you omit the shampoo

101 Styling long hair Updo – ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________ Usually requested for special occasions such as weddings, proms, and evening events 3 basic updos: chignon, basic French twist, classic French twist Backcombing and backbrushing are a must for updo styling, often times hair is set in rollers first too Hair should be washed and dried the ________________ the updo because freshly washed hair can be slippery and difficult to work with

102 Basic French Twist

103 Classic French Twist/ Pleat

104 Chingnon/ Knot

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