Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Alcohol Metabolism Break Down and Removal. Small Amounts Unmetabolized (10%) l Sweat l Urine l Breath.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Alcohol Metabolism Break Down and Removal. Small Amounts Unmetabolized (10%) l Sweat l Urine l Breath."— Presentation transcript:

1 Alcohol Metabolism Break Down and Removal

2 Small Amounts Unmetabolized (10%) l Sweat l Urine l Breath

3 1st Pass Metabolism l Occurs in the Stomach l Gender Differences Exist: Men have a > level of ADH than women l Early metabolism translates to lower BAC levels

4 2nd Pass Metabolism l Occurs in the Liver l 1st liver enzyme--Alcohol Dehydrogenase (ADH)-----> Acetaldehyde l 2nd liver enzyme--Acetaldehyde Dehydrogenase----> Acetic Acid l Acetic Acid oxidized by body organs----> CO 2 + H 2 O

5 Blood Alcohol Concentration l THE RATIO OF ALCOHOL IN THE BLOOD TO THE TOTAL VOLUME OF BLOOD EXPRESSED AS A PERCENT l THE PERSUMPTIVE LEVEL OF INTOXICATION =.10% l FOR A 160 LB. INDIVIDUAL EACH DRINK =.02% *note size

6 PROBLEM l If an individual weighing 160 lbs. consumes 2 drinks per hour, what will his/her BAC level be at the end of that time?

7 SOLUTION Hour 1: = =.02% Hour 2: = =.04% Hour 3: = =.06% Hour 4: = =.08% Hour 5: = =.10% DUI

8 ALCOHOL’S EFFECT ON THE BODY l DIGESTIVE SYSTEM: IRRITANT INCREASING AMOUNTS IMPEDE OR STOP DIGESTION PYLORIC VALVE MAY BE EFFECTED “STUCK”

9 ALCOHOL’S EFFECT ON THE BODY l CIRCULATORY SYSTEM MINOR EFFECTS HEARTBEAT & BLOOD PRESSURE LITTLE EFFECT VASODILATOR OF SURFACE VESSELS BODY HEAT LOSS (HYPOTHERMIA)

10 ALCOHOL’S EFFECT ON THE BODY l KIDNEYS INCREASED URINE OUTPUT CONSUMING LARGE QUANTITIES OF LIQUID REDUCES THE PITUITARY HORMONE ADH (ANTIDIRURETIC HORMONE)

11 ALCOHOL’S EFFECT ON THE BODY l LIVER ELIMINATES LIVER PRODUCTION OF GLUCOSE CREATING HYPOGLYCEMIA BRAIN DEPRIVED OF PROPER NOURISHMENT WEAKNESS, NERVOUSNESS, SWEATY, HEADACHE, TREMORS FATTY LIVER

12 ALCOHOL’S EFFECT ON THE BODY l WHITE BLOOD CELLS ACUTE ALCOHOL CONSUMPTION SUCH AS BINGE DRINKING HAS A DIRECT EFFECT ON: WBC RESERVES CHEMOTAXIS WBC ADHERENCE TO BACTERIA

13 ALCOHOL’S EFFECT ON THE BODY l CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM 1 dk/hrBAC.02 little change 2 dk/hrBAC.05 drinker high, judgement center of brain affected, inhibitions lowered 3 dk/hrBAC.10 judgement is nil, muscle coordination depressed, stagger, slur speech

14 ALCOHOL’S EFFECT ON THE BODY 10 dk/hrBAC.20 emotions erractic, poor memory 1 pint/hrBAC stuporus, judgement long gone, coordination wiped out, sensory perception almost gone 1.25 pints/hr BAC.40 coma, brain center which controls heart & lungs partially anesthetized

15 ALCOHOL’S EFFECT ON THE BODY coma.60death

16


Download ppt "Alcohol Metabolism Break Down and Removal. Small Amounts Unmetabolized (10%) l Sweat l Urine l Breath."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google