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By:Ajak Akol.  Anatomy or system affected: Brain  Definition: injury to the brain that usually results from an accident.

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Presentation on theme: "By:Ajak Akol.  Anatomy or system affected: Brain  Definition: injury to the brain that usually results from an accident."— Presentation transcript:

1 By:Ajak Akol

2  Anatomy or system affected: Brain  Definition: injury to the brain that usually results from an accident.

3  Children-age 4 or younger  Adolescents-between ages fifteen and nineteen  Adults-ages 65 & older being most at risk

4 Open or closed head injuries Open head injuries: occurs when object (e.g., a bullet) enters the brain and causes damage to specific parts. Closed head injuries: blow to the head (e.g., head strikes windshield).  Falls  Motor vehicle and pedestrian-related accidents  Collision-relates ( being struck by or against) events  Violent assaults  Sport related injuries  Explosive blasts/military combat injuries

5  Primary injuries  Secondary injuries  Intracranial pressure (ICP)  Cerebral edema  brain herniation

6  Cognitive & personality changes  Amnesia  Emotional symptoms  https://youtu.be/dyqGys9Htbo https://youtu.be/dyqGys9Htbo

7  Glasgow coma scale (GCS)  Neuropsychologist  PET (positron emission tomography)  fMRI (functional magnetic resonance imaging)

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9  QUESTIONS?

10  Auday, B.C. & Abrahamsen, E.A. (2015). Traumatic brain injury. Samelm press Encyclopedia of health. il?sid=c3ca47ab-11fa-4758-b0a2 ecb87315bf50%40sessionmgr110&vid=1&hid=1 08&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWRzLWxpdmUmc2NvcG U9c2l0ZQ%3d%3d#db=ers&AN= il?sid=c3ca47ab-11fa-4758-b0a2 ecb87315bf50%40sessionmgr110&vid=1&hid=1 08&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWRzLWxpdmUmc2NvcG U9c2l0ZQ%3d%3d#db=ers&AN=  08/07/acute-management-mild-traumatic- brain-injury-military-operational-settings- clinical-practice_pageall.html 08/07/acute-management-mild-traumatic- brain-injury-military-operational-settings- clinical-practice_pageall.html

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