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Exploiting 3-D Fields to Improve the Efficacy of ELM Pace Making with Vertical Jogs J. M. Canik, S.P. Gerhardt, J-W. Ahn Advanced Scenario and Control.

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Presentation on theme: "Exploiting 3-D Fields to Improve the Efficacy of ELM Pace Making with Vertical Jogs J. M. Canik, S.P. Gerhardt, J-W. Ahn Advanced Scenario and Control."— Presentation transcript:

1 Exploiting 3-D Fields to Improve the Efficacy of ELM Pace Making with Vertical Jogs J. M. Canik, S.P. Gerhardt, J-W. Ahn Advanced Scenario and Control TSG ITER Support 2010 NSTX Research Forum PPPL Dec 1-3, 2009 NSTX Supported by College W&M Colorado Sch Mines Columbia U CompX General Atomics INEL Johns Hopkins U LANL LLNL Lodestar MIT Nova Photonics New York U Old Dominion U ORNL PPPL PSI Princeton U Purdue U SNL Think Tank, Inc. UC Davis UC Irvine UCLA UCSD U Colorado U Illinois U Maryland U Rochester U Washington U Wisconsin Culham Sci Ctr U St. Andrews York U Chubu U Fukui U Hiroshima U Hyogo U Kyoto U Kyushu U Kyushu Tokai U NIFS Niigata U U Tokyo JAEA Hebrew U Ioffe Inst RRC Kurchatov Inst TRINITI KBSI KAIST POSTECH ASIPP ENEA, Frascati CEA, Cadarache IPP, Jülich IPP, Garching ASCR, Czech Rep U Quebec

2 NSTX NSTX RF 10– RMP + VJ Pacing (Canik)Month day, 20** 2 Background and XP Goals Background –ELM pacing via vertical jogs was demonstrated in Results submitted to Nuclear Fusion as part of H-mode workshop. –In a sense, it didn’t work as well as 3-D field triggering. Lithium conditioned discharge didn’t ELM despite large jogs. 3-D field pulses (~2 kA, 4 msec, ~50 Hz) showed clear triggering. –Synergism has been observed between 3-D fields and “kicks” in JET. ELMs are triggered at kick-amplitude and EFCC amplitude which are insufficient to trigger ELMs alone. –RMP coils and internal radial field coils mean that either (both) technique(s) may be available for ITER XP Goal: Improve the efficacy of vertical jogs in NSTX through the use of small 3-D fields. –Test if the “triggering efficiency” of jogs can be improved with 3-D fields. Test the frequency range of applicability –Collect good MPTS data for pre-/post- ELM profile analysis. Understand profile effects (ELITE?) –Collect IR camera data. Do peak heat fluxed decrease with increasing ELM energy?

3 NSTX NSTX RF 10– RMP + VJ Pacing (Canik)Month day, 20** ELMs can be triggered with vertical jogs or 3D fields in NSTX A EFC Current 950 A EFC Current 1300 A EFC Current 1000 A EFC Current

4 NSTX NSTX RF 10– RMP + VJ Pacing (Canik)Month day, 20** 4 Results from JET … and for ITER See APS invited talk by E. de la Luna Physics of the triggering is not clear. Density reduction is larger with kicks. Rotation damping is much smaller with kicks alone. “Simultaneous application of EFCC perturbation and kicks, both below threshold, result in f ELM control & reduced divertor peak power.” Average ELM energy is reduced by ~3 compared to natural ELMs. Peak heat flux is not reduced like 1/f ELM. –Wetted area is reduced for small ELMs Very difficult to fuel these discharges and maintain good confinement. Could be useful for ITER –During current ramp when q 95 is changing (RMP may not work). –Expected that 25 Hz kicks available with  z=5cm and 50 Hz kicks available with  z=2.5 cm (within limits of VS power supply).

5 NSTX NSTX RF 10– RMP + VJ Pacing (Canik)Month day, 20** 5 Options Exist for Timing Between Jogs and n=3 Field Application in NSTX Jogs n=3 Jogs n=3 Jogs n=3 1: Jogs with no n=3 fields 2: Jogs with Constant n=3 fields 3: Jogs with Synchronous Pulsed n=3 fields Use n=3 fields that alone are insufficient to generate ELMs. Minimize the rotation damping from the n=3. Minimize vertical position oscillations. Complicated waveforms. Was done in Pacing observed, though required large jogs. Similar to JET case. May still provide too much n=3 field.

6 NSTX NSTX RF 10– RMP + VJ Pacing (Canik)Month day, 20** 6 Tentative Run Plan (Always assuming success on previous step) Establish a discharge with ELM pacing through jogs. (5 shots) – is maybe a template (change I P ?) Reduce jog amplitude until triggering no longer observed. (2 shots) Add small n=3 fields to recover pacing. (10 shots) –Scan amplitude of n=3 field, but don’t go so high that the braking is overwhelming. Test upward jogs (maybe) (2 shots) Split n=3 fields into pulses to reduce average n=3 field. (10 shots) –Scan amplitude or width of the pulses. Pick configuration single configuration and scan MPTS timing to resolve the dynamics. (5 shots) 34 shots= 1 Good Day

7 NSTX NSTX RF 10– RMP + VJ Pacing (Canik)Month day, 20** 7 Critical Issues & Diagnostics Addressed in the Proposed Plan Is it possible to reduce the jog amplitude when 3-D fields are applied? –Scan n=3 strength and jog amplitude. How small can the 3-D fields be and still help with the triggering? –Try to minimize both perturbations. Can pulse 3-D fields do the job? –For a configuration that works with steady n=3, try pulses. What is the frequency range over which ELMs can be paced this way? –If successful above, increase the perturbation frequency (and maybe amplitude) to find limits. How do the ELM energy, divertor load, peak power change as a function of ELM frequency? –Collect IRTV data throughout. –Don’t forget to take the reference shots. How do profiles change through this cycle? –Stagger the MPTS timing to catch different parts of the ELM cycle.

8 NSTX NSTX RF 10– RMP + VJ Pacing (Canik)Month day, 20** 8 Techniques Have Been Developed For Generating Vertical Jogs Synchronous jogs in dr sep and z maxis used to move plasma up and down. ELM pacing most successful for jogs near large-amplitude limit.

9 NSTX NSTX RF 10– RMP + VJ Pacing (Canik)Month day, 20** 9 ELM Pacing With Vertical Jogs is Possible in NSTX

10 NSTX NSTX RF 10– RMP + VJ Pacing (Canik)Month day, 20** 10 ELMs Can Be Triggered By 3-D Fields in NSTX Threshold coil current for ELM- triggering is ~950 A ->ΔB/B = 6  –No triggering at 900 A (natural ELMs start at ~0.5s in control discharge) –Intermittent ELMs at 950 and 1000 A ELM frequency appears to increase with n=3 field magnitude –ELMs become more regular –Trend clouded by tendency of plasma to lock high currents-too much braking. –Can significantly smaller n=3 fields be used to increase the efficacy of jogs. 900 A EFC Current 950 A EFC Current 1300 A EFC Current 1000 A EFC Current

11 NSTX NSTX RF 10– RMP + VJ Pacing (Canik)Month day, 20** 11 Other questions identified from 2009 XP-945 Upward jogs? –Need equilibrium dr sep sufficiently negative to avoid transiently biasing upwards? dr sep effects of triggering efficacy at fixed jog size? –Is jogging more efficient at making ELMs when dr sep becomes more negative? –Some information from last year indicates as much. Try in a lower-triangularity equilibria. –closer to JET, AUG cases. Improved profiles before/after an ELM. –Stagger jogs w/ respect to the MPTS timing. –Data for ELITE? Explicit voltage perturbations? (PCS modification). –Seems unnecessary?

12 NSTX NSTX RF 10– RMP + VJ Pacing (Canik)Month day, 20** 12 Other questions identified from 2009 XP-945 Upward jogs? –Need equilibrium dr sep sufficiently negative to avoid transiently biasing upwards? dr sep effects of triggering efficacy at fixed jog size? –Is jogging more efficient at making ELMs when dr sep becomes more negative? –Some information from last year indicates as much. Try in a lower-triangularity equilibria. –closer to JET, AUG cases. Improved profiles before/after an ELM. –Stagger jogs w/ respect to the MPTS timing. –Data for ELITE? Explicit voltage perturbations? (PCS modification). –Seems unnecessary? Keep only these 2.


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