Presentation on theme: "Linguistic competence is not just grammar and vocabulary,we have to learn to deal with more serious subjects and discuss more complex problems Thinking."— Presentation transcript:
Linguistic competence is not just grammar and vocabulary,we have to learn to deal with more serious subjects and discuss more complex problems Thinking is important ? A good liberal arts education must include good training in logical and critical thinking
What does the author use the word “hobby” for ? Discussion:
1 、 Thinking is not just for professional thinkers like philosophers.It is something all educated people should enjoy doing. 2 、 This special interest is often referred to as “idle curiosity”,and it is considered one of the most precious qualities in young scholars. Conclusion of discussion Next
Give an outline of the text Three Grades of thinking: “ grade-three thinking ” :was not thinking at all,but a combination of ignorance,prejudice and hypocrisy. “ grade-two thinking ” :people who belong to it can see their ignorance,prejudice,hypocrisy and lack of logic,but this thinking has nothing constructive to offer. “ grade-one thinking ” :people who belong to it set out to find the truth and get it.
Detailed Study: I was not integrated. I was, if anything, disintegrated.(4).integrated:forming a part of a harmonious group..disintegrated:here means the direct opposite of “integrated”---some kind of a trouble-maker..if anything: on the contrary,e.g: He is not known for his generosity.He is,if anything, quite miserly. The weather will not be warmer this winter.It will,if anything,even colder than last year.
A sixth sense: a keen intuitive power.Here means the ability to think. to endow sb. with sth.: to provide sb. with a natural quality or talent.e.g: She is one of those lucky women who are endowed with both a sharp brain and great beauty. God has not endowed him with much humor. Nature had endowed the rest of the human race with a sixth sense and left me out.
His body would reel and his face go white: He would stagger or be thrown off balance,and his face would go white.His body would reel and his face go white: He would stagger or be thrown off balance,and his face would go white. Useless for the rest of the morning: unable to do anything for the rest of the morning.Useless for the rest of the morning: unable to do anything for the rest of the morning. struggling with all the unnatural impediments:The fresh air had to struggle with difficulty to find its way to his chest because he was unaccustomed to this.struggling with all the unnatural impediments:The fresh air had to struggle with difficulty to find its way to his chest because he was unaccustomed to this. You could hear the wind,trapped in his chest and struggling with all the unnatural impediments. His body would reel with shock and his face go white at the unaccustomed visitation.He would stagger back to his desk and collapse there,useless for the rest of the morning.(19) (humorous use of exaggeration and formal style)
to stampede: to get easily frightened and run with the crowd. to fall into the other fault: to go to the other extreme,that is, to act too slowly and lag behind. Grade-two thinkers do not stampede easily,though often they fall into the other fault and lag behind.
Of the three grades of thinking, Which category do you belong to? And if,for some reason,we are not yet grade-one thinkers, whether we have any need or wish to move up to the next grade? Discussion and brainstorm
Exercise: I.Give synonyms and antonyms of the following II.Fill in the blanks with the appropriate word or its derivative. III.Study the following sentences. Point out which words are used ironically and then make a few ironical sentences of your own.
Exercise I Synonyms 1) to spring 2) lest 3) utterly 4) to symbolize 5) To sink one ’ s head 6) To contemplate 7) Impediment 8) To aspire to 9) To collapse Antonyms 1) coherent 2) disinterested 3) hideous 4) settled 5) integration 6) to surpass 7) remorseless 8) irreverent 9) few and far between
Keys: Synonyms 1) to jump,to leap 2) for fear that 3) completely 4) to represent 5) to lower 6) to think 7) barrier, obstacle 8) to desire for 9) to fall,to tumble down Antonyms 1) incoherent 2) interested 3) pleasant 4) unsettled 5) disintegration 6) to lag behind 7) remorseful 8) reverent 9) many,countless, numerous
1.sexual. sexy. Sexist 1)To look ___ does not make you a good actor. 2)She specializes in the study of human ___behavior. 3)It’s interesting how fashions change. There was a time when bound feet were considered very ___for women in China. 4)Many men still have this __ attitude towards women. They believe that women’s proper domain is in the kitchen. Exercise II
2.. literal. literary. Literate 1)___ criticism is important for the development of literature. 2)You should not take her ___ when she said that she wished she were dead. 3)It is really a great achievement how the ratio of ___ people has increased in recent years. 4)“Long time no see” sounds like a ___ translation of the Chinese expression “ 好久不见 ”. 5)The write’s son, however,was uninterested in the ___career. next
Exercise III 1) Oh yes,he was a very decisive man,almost as decisive as Hamlet,the prince of Denmark. 2) He stood up and sang. He sang as beautifully as the crow when it is half choked. 3) She was charming and looked as robust as Sister Lin in the Dream of the red Chamber. 4) The bread I bought must have had quite a history and was as soft as a regular brick. 5) He ruled the country for almost forty years and was said to be as democratic as Ivan the Terrible.
Homework Write an essay Write an essay in about 200 words on the topic: in about 200 words on the topic: What Kind of Thinker Are You? What Kind of Thinker Are You?