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The CLEO-III Drift Chamber Vienna Conference on Instrumentation, 19-February-2001 Daniel Peterson, Cornell University K. Berkelman R. Briere G. Chen D.

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Presentation on theme: "The CLEO-III Drift Chamber Vienna Conference on Instrumentation, 19-February-2001 Daniel Peterson, Cornell University K. Berkelman R. Briere G. Chen D."— Presentation transcript:

1 The CLEO-III Drift Chamber Vienna Conference on Instrumentation, 19-February-2001 Daniel Peterson, Cornell University K. Berkelman R. Briere G. Chen D. Cronin-Hennessy S. Csorna M. Dickson S. von Dombrowski K. M. Ecklund A. Lyon Sz. Marka T. O. Meyer J. R. Patterson A. Sadoff J. G. Thayer P. Theis E. H. Thorndike D. Urner

2 Motivation Upgrades of CLEO/CESR necessitate a new chamber. Super-conducting focusing elements intrude into the detector. Outer radius reduced from 95cm to 82 cm to allow installation of a Ring Imaging Cherenkov detector. While radial space is limited, momentum resolution must not be compromised. maximize measurements; minimum unused volume resolution <150  m in all layers (including stereo) gas RL > 330 m < 0.0015 RL distorting extrapolation to silicon

3 Endplate Assembly Multi-component endplate allows space for focusing magnets half-Length: 124.5 cm outer radius: 82 cm inner radius: 12.5 cm 47 anode layers, 9796 cells outer cathode, 8 x192 strips Note: endplate mounted pre-amps inner section cables ground network cathode cables June 1997 August 1999

4 Endplate Inner Section Each of the 8 rings contains 2 anode layers and and associated field wire layers at smaller radius. There are the same number of anode cells per layer, with half-cell-stagger, in the anode layers on each ring. constructed of 8 precision drilled rings located with 1.3 mm thick stainless steel bands secured with radial screws and dowel pins fitting between the wire holes Layer spacing is uninterrupted between rings. defines 93% solid angle coverage February 1997

5 Endplate Outer Section machined from 16.5 cm thick plate Finished thickness is 1.52 cm shadowing the end cap calorimeter Terraced surface follows slope of 0.178 ; the “z” difference is 7.4 cm over radial change. Inner/Outer support rings add stiffness; deflection from 4500 kg wire load: 0.6mm. The outer section supports 31 anode layers and associated field wire layers. Layers are grouped in 8 stereo super-layers with equal number of cells per layer and half-cell-stagger.

6 Inner gas/RF seal Scattering material < 0.15% RL required to allow use of the outer silicon layer in momentum measurement at all momenta. Radial distortion tolerance < 250  m for electric field uniformity in first layer. Beryllium tube fails specifications. Inner cylinder is 0.12% RL composite: –2 layers or 20  m aluminum –2.0 mm Rohacell ® foam Strain limit: 0.8 mm –Requires rigid endplates –Limit on motion of endplates after installing inner cylinder –Requires detailed understanding of creep of the aluminum field wires throughout the life of the chamber.

7 Pins, Bushings, Wire Pins are 2 component coaxial –Extends beyond endplate to reduce electric field –copper outer part.0615 inch OD –aluminum-6051 core for aluminum field wire –copper core for tungsten sense wire,.0067 inch ID Bushings are Hoechst Celanese VECTRA ® A130 –chosen for mold shrinkage 0.2% (ULTEM ® 0.7%) –water absorption 0.02% (ULTEM 1.25 %) –dielectric strength 38 kV/mm (ULTEM 33 kV/mm) Field wire: California Fine Wire 110  m Al 5056.75  m Au, Ni flash “ultra-finish” Sense wire: 20  m W 3% Re, Au plated

8 Layer Design  47 layers  16 axial layers in stepped section arranged in 8 groups of 2 layers, constant number of cells, half-cell-stagger  31 stereo layers in outer section arranged in 8 super-layers, constant number of cells, half-cell-stagger d(r  )/dz ~ 0.02 - 0.03, alternating sign, cell shape constant over length of chamber nearly constant hyperbolic sag Maximize number of measurements: AXIAL-STEREO interfaces, which require separate field layers or create distorted cell geometry, are limited by grouping stereo layers together.

9 Cell Design Square cells, 3 field/sense 7mm (maximum drift distance) Field wire layer is shared at boundary between layer groups having differing number of cells and/or stereo angle sign. Random phase of wires above last layer in a super layer is unimportant. Radial spacing is held constant ; stereo sag differs < 80  m. Radial spacing compensates for variations in field wire number density. (shown  ) Compensation removes 1mm left-right asymmetries at maximum drift distance. Voltage applied to field wire layer inside of first anode layer compensates for field asymmetry introduced by inner skin. Voltage applied to segmented outer cathode strips compensates for z-dependent field asymmetry. Require… minimum dependence on L/R corrections and no z-dependent corrections.

10 Chamber Gas CLEO had experience with Ar-C 2 H 6 (50:50) –Efficiency loss at drift distance > 5mm Test chamber results: both He-C 2 H 6 (50:50) and He-C 3 H 8 (60:40) provide improved efficiency and reduced radiating material, RL=550m Ar-C 2 H 6 (50:50) varies from (50  m/ns) near the wire to (10  m/ns) (note: split drift function) He-C 3 H 8 (60:40) is a slower gas at 0 Tesla or close to the wire (30  m/ns) but has a smaller Lorentz angle and consistent drift velocity in 1.5 Tesla.

11 Readout Electronics Multi-hit capability used to record noise history of cell for previous 32  s. Preamp mounted on chamber (  =8ns) TQT (time/charge->time) Threshold triggered time pulse Inhibit retrigger to 500 ns Charge converted to time pulse when valid event trigger initiates “ramp”, or bleeds to reset if no trigger. LeCroy Fastbus TDC 1877s Multi-hit; logs time and charge as time hits. granularity: 0.5 ns stability: specification 0.3 ns

12 Discriminator Thresholds Threshold is set at 0.8  A. with a characteristic time of 8 ns (amplifier rise time), and gas gain ~ 10 5, threshold is 0.4 primary ions. Thresholds can be set for each channel but, in practice, are set for each layer Scale: setting=255  1.3  A (referred to the input) Low threshold causes a loss of efficiency because of the 500 ns inhibit after each threshold crossing. High threshold may cause a loss of efficiency but would first cause a degradation of time resolution for tracks close to the wire (ion statistics). Select minimum threshold with manageable noise: noise rate ~ physical rate In this case,.8  A

13 Spatial Resolution Residuals: time-measured hit position are compared to the fitted position. Parameterized as double gaussian with fixed 80% fraction in narrow component. Narrow component:  =88  m (ave over cell) ( wide component: 200  m; ave:110; goal: 150 ) Narrow component minimum: 65  m

14 left-right asymmetries Left and Right residuals… relative to (-) side drift function deviation of (+) side indicates left–right asymmetry Only layers 16 & 17 show asymmetry { for demonstration only; real drift functions are 2 sided }

15 Momentum Resolution Momentum measurement using only anodes; no cathode, no silicon. With a multi-component endplate, momentum is sensitive to misalignments of the endplate components. –Rotation of inner elements will cause charge splitting at one end. –Translation will cause charge splitting that oscillates in azimuth, at one end. –Intrinsic resolution is ~ 1%. –Sensitive to motions of order 50  m; (1% of sagita for P t =5.28 GeV/c track). Momentum variations for –{+/- charge} and –{ +/- polar angle} –as a function of azimuth are small compared to intrinsic resolution indicating sufficient alignment.

16 Outer Cathode Segmented cathode forms the outer field cage for the outer (47 th ) layer. 8 segments in azimuth 192 x 1.1 cm segmentation in “z” (Apply potential (+250 to 300 V) to create symmetric electric field around varying radius stereo anode wire. ) {cathode - “anode track” } resolution includes contribution of extrapolated track ( ~ 1.5 mm) derived cathode resolution: 1.2 mm 95% efficiency in 78% solid angle

17 Specific Ionization dE/dX measurements for anode measurements Bands observed for ,K,p,d K/  separation to 700 MeV Corrected for drift distance saturation at normal polar incidence (remove hits with multiple time hits) Resolution for 5.28 GeV electrons: 5.0%

18 Conclusion installed, collecting data at 10.56 GeV, since July 2000 hit resolution: 88  m (exceeding goals) Bhabha resolution at 5.28 GeV/c : 54 Mev (chamber only) cathode resolution: 1.2 mm dE/dX resolution: 5% low electronic noise with high efficiency; sufficiently grounded beam debris noise is low even in a 32  s window (note 2 early tracks) pattern recognition is efficient even for overlapping tracks. found track out-of-time in-time/useable  current track

19 What about………. K0 ?     ’   ” 

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